About This Chapter
Neurological, Neuromuscular & Structural Impairments - Chapter Summary
How does cerebral palsy affect speech and language? What are types of genetic disorders? What is a neuromuscular junction? These are just some of the facts you will have an opportunity to explore when you use the lessons in this chapter. You will not only study characteristics of these disorders, you can also review their causes and treatments as well. After you complete your study of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the speech problems caused by cerebral palsy
- Provide examples of severe disabilities and how they affect students' participation in school
- Discuss common neurological disorders and their causes
- Name types of genetic disorders
- Explain the major causes and effects of organic disorders
- Detail the symptoms and treatment of sensory integration disorder
This chapter provides a quick and effective way you can review this information, with video and text lessons presented by expert instructors and that are accessible 24/7 from any device. You can measure what you have learned in each lesson with a self-assessment quiz, which can help indicate your readiness in moving from one topic to the next. Easily track your progress through this chapter using your Dashboard.
1. Severe Disabilities: Definition & Examples
A growing number of students in our schools are classified as having severe disabilities. In this lesson, you will learn about what this means for these students and their participation in the school curriculum.
2. What are Neurological Disorders? - Definitions & Causes
There are a ton of reasons for why your body's nervous system may fail. We'll go over what the nervous system is, what neurological disorders are, the many things that cause them, and what neurons and the myelin sheath have to do with all of this in this lesson.
3. Common Neurological Disorders: List and Descriptions
This lesson will discuss some of the more common neurological disorders we know of, why they occur, and some relatable examples to help you understand what causes these problems.
4. The Neuromuscular Junction: Function, Structure & Physiology
A neuromuscular junction is a synapse between a motor neuron and skeletal muscle. This lesson describes the events of synaptic transmission leading to contraction of skeletal muscle. Myasthenia gravis is described as a neuromuscular disease.
5. Types of Genetic Disorders: Definitions & Symptoms
Cystic fibrosis, Huntington's disease, Tay-Sachs disease, sickle cell disease, Down syndrome, and cancer all have something in common. They are all genetic disorders, and we will discuss why they may occur and what problems they might cause.
6. What Are Organic Disorders? - Definition & Examples
What happens when changes in your brain cause changes in your mental state? In this lesson, we'll examine organic mental disorders, including common symptoms and two of the major causes of them, brain trauma and disease.
7. What Is Sensory Integration Disorder in Children? - Treatment, Symptoms & Definition
It is estimated that the lives of 1 in 20 children are affected daily by sensory integration disorder. Learn more about sensory integration disorder, its symptoms, how it is treated, and more.
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Other chapters within the MTTC Speech & Language Impairment (057): Practice & Study Guide course
- Prenatal, Infant & Early Childhood Development
- Development in Middle Childhood & Adolescence
- Theories of Communication Development
- Atypical Development & Delays
- Linguistic Features of English
- Principles of Phonetics
- Understanding the Speech Mechanism
- The Ear & Its Functions
- Speech Impairments Overview
- Language Impairments Overview
- Overview of Hearing Impairments
- Speech & Language Assessment Overview
- Assessing Student Hearing
- Utilizing Individualized Education Plans (IEPs)
- Intervention Strategies for Students with Communication Impairments
- Teaching Students with Disabilities & Special Needs
- Communication for SPED Teachers
- Cultural Sensitivity in the SPED Classroom
- Legal Considerations for Students with Special Needs
- Assistive Technology in the SPED Classroom
- Research on Communication Disorders
- MTTC Speech & Language Impairment Flashcards