About This Chapter
Nineteenth Century Russia - Chapter Summary
The short lessons in this chapter can help you learn more about Russia during the 1800s. Lesson topics include the reigns of Tsars Alexander I, II and III, and Nikolai I and II. You'll also study the invasion of Russia by the French in 1812, Russia's territorial acquisitions, the pogroms at Odessa and Kishinev and much more. Each lesson is accompanied by a short quiz so that you can test yourself on what you've learned, and the chapter exam allows you to check your overall mastery of the material. The convenient, user-friendly online platform allows you to study whenever you wish from any Internet-ready device. You can even study from your smartphone! When you're finished, you should be able to:
- Describe the reigns of Alexander I, Alexander II and Alexander III
- Discuss the battles, advance and retreat during the French invasion of Russia in 1812
- Examine the rule of Nikolai I and the Decembrist Revolt
- Outline the impact of reforms under Tsar Alexander II
- Define and explain anticapitalism, Pobedonotsov and the Russian intelligentsia
- Give a description of culture and society in Imperial Russia
- Explain territorial losses and acquisitions by Russia
- Discuss Russian industrial and agricultural development between 1860 and 1905
- Describe Russian revolutionary movements, reforms and pogroms, including Kishinev and Odessa
- Examine the rule of Nikolai II, Russia's last emperor
- Tell what the Russian Duma was and what it meant
1. The Rule of Alexander I of Russia
In this lesson, we'll explore the life and rule of Czar Alexander I, the grandson of Catherine the Great, in Russia. Lesson topics will include his European alliances, the Napoleonic Wars and reforms.
2. French Invasion of Russia in 1812: Advance, Retreat & Battles
In this lesson, we will examine Napoleon's invasion of Russia in 1812. We'll take a close look at the emperor's reasons for invading, the progress of the invasion, and the results of the campaign.
3. Nikolai I's Rule & the Decembrist Revolt
In this lesson we explore the life and reign of one of Russia's most reactionary monarchs of all time, Nikolai I, who had to quell a rebellion immediately upon his accession in 1825.
4. Reforms in Russia Under Tsar Alexander II: Examples & Impact
In this lesson, we explore the reforms of Tsar Alexander II in 19th-century Russia. Alexander freed the Russian serfs and accelerated the industrialization of Russia before his 1881 assassination.
5. Russian Intelligentsia, Anticapitalism & Pobedonotsov
In this lesson we will learn about the Russian intelligentsia. We'll identify the views held by members of the intelligentsia, notably an antagonism toward capitalism, and highlight the efforts of Konstantin Pobedonostsev to combat the intelligentsia.
6. Culture & Society in Imperial Russia
In this lesson, learn about culture and society in Imperial Russia, a time period ranging from the 18th century until the 1917 Russian Revolution. We will learn about imperial social structure, the Russian Orthodox Church, ballet, and literature.
7. Territorial Developments in Russia: Losses & Acquisitions
In this lesson, we explore the territorial acquisitions and losses of 19th-century Russia, from the Napoleonic Wars and its gains via the Congress of Vienna to the Crimean War.
8. The Rule of Alexander III of Russia
In this lesson we explore the reign of Alexander III of Russia. Initially not included in the line of succession, Alexander became Czar after the unexpected death of his older brother and the assassination of his father.
9. Russia's Industrial & Agricultural Development (1860-1905)
In this lesson, we'll examine the state of Russian industry and agriculture in the mid-19th century, including the impact of Czar Alexander II's social reforms on farming. We'll also explore Russian efforts to keep up with its more industrialized competitors and the difficulties faced by the country's major labor force - the serfs.
10. Revolutionary Movements of Russia: Political, Economic & Social Reform
In this lesson, we'll explore the tumultuous domestic history of 19th-century Russia, where czars opposed radical nationalists and periods of liberal reform alternated with periods of violent political suppression.
11. Pogroms in Russia: Kishinev & Odessa
In this lesson you will learn about the pogroms in Odessa and Kishinev which took place in the 19th and early 20th century. You will learn about how the motivations for this violence changed over time.
12. Nikolai II as the Last Emperor of Russia
In this lesson, we explore the reign of Russia's last czar, Nikolai II, whose poor decisions coupled with poor conditions in Russia, led to his forced abdication and later execution.
13. The Russian Duma: Definition & Meaning
The Russian Duma was a representative legislative body in imperial Russia. It was short lived and ineffective, but it was still important in moving Russia towards total transformation. Read this lesson to learn more!
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the DSST History of the Soviet Union: Study Guide & Test Prep course
- Russian History in 16-18th Century
- The Russian Revolutionary Period
- Pre-War Stalinism
- The Soviet Union & The Second World War
- Post-War Stalinism & The Cold War
- The Khrushchev Years of the Cold War
- The Brezhnev Years of the Cold War
- Proxy Wars During the Cold War
- Reform & Collapse in the USSR
- DSST Informational Resources
- DSST History of the Soviet Union Flashcards