About This Chapter
NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Understanding Figures of Speech - Chapter Summary
Hone your ability to analyze literature in preparation for the NMTA Middle Grades ELA exam. This chapter will review onomatopoeia, euphemisms, puns, similes, metaphors, and more. Video lessons in this chapter can also help you practice interpreting the following types of figurative language:
- Allusion, alliteration and repetition
- Consonance and assonance
- Clichés, paradoxes, and equivocations
- Synonyms, antonyms and analogies
- Irony and oxymoron
- Synecdoche and metonymy
- Understatement and litotes
Maybe you're a master of allusion; or, perhaps you could use a little extra practice with this type of figurative language. Either way, our chapter includes plenty of resources to help you study what you need in time for your testing appointment, including self-paced video lessons, transcripts with key terms in bold and multiple-choice quizzes you can take at any point during your studies.
NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Understanding Figures of Speech - Chapter Objectives
The New Mexico Public Education Department uses scores on the NMTA Middle Grades ELA exam to determine the eligibility of applicants for a teaching license in this subject area and grade level.
This chapter can get you ready for questions in the exam's second content domain: Reading Various Text Forms and Analyzing and Interpreting Literature. These types of questions comprise around 29% of test content and measure your ability to interpret the figures of speech used in literary texts, among other tasks. There are around 150 multiple-choice questions on this standardized test.
1. What Is a Figure of Speech?
In this lesson, we will define figure of speech and explain why it is important in your writing. After this definition, we will examine the more common figure of speeches and look at some examples.
2. Interpreting Figures of Speech in Context
Figures of speech can add humor or drama to any situation, but you have to understand what they mean in order to connect the dots. In this lesson, we'll discuss how to interpret figures of speech, such as verbal irony, puns, idioms, and hyperbole.
3. Understanding Words By Their Relationships
Many words in the English language have multiple meanings. To really understand a word, we have to understand the relationship between particular words. In this lesson, we will examine this through connotations, denotations, synonyms, and analogies.
4. Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples
Allusions and illusions have little in common besides the fact that they sound similar. Learn the difference between the two and how allusions are an important part of literature and writing - and how to spot them in text.
5. Alliteration: Definition & Examples
Alliteration is a figure of speech used to create rhythm and bring focus to a line or sentence in a piece of written material. Learn about the definition of alliteration, see examples of alliteration and test your knowledge with a quiz.
6. Onomatopoeia in Literature: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we will explore onomatopoeia, one way in which poets convey sound. When a poet uses onomatopoeia, the word, itself, looks like the sound it makes, and somehow we 'hear' it as we read.
7. What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types
Metaphors are all around you. They're the bright sparkling lights that turn plain evergreens into Christmas trees. Learn how to spot them, why writers write with them, and how to use them yourself right here.
8. Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples
Explore the simile and how, through comparison, it is used as a shorthand to say many things at once. Learn the difference between similes and metaphors, along with many examples of both.
9. Consonance, Assonance, and Repetition: Definitions & Examples
In this lesson, explore the different ways authors repeat consonant and vowel sounds in their literary works. Learn about how writers use repeated words and phrases with well-known examples.
10. Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples
Learn about cliches, paradoxes, and equivocations, and how they can weaken or strengthen certain types of writing. Explore examples of all three from literature and daily life.
11. Using Synonyms, Antonyms & Analogies to Improve Understanding
In this lesson, you'll explore your three best friends when it comes to understanding difficult words: antonyms, synonyms, and analogies. Then, test your knowledge of these three buddies with a quiz.
12. Euphemism: Definition & Examples
This lesson defines euphemisms, alternate language used in place of offensive language or when discussing taboo topics. Explore some examples of euphemisms in everyday language and well-known examples from literature.
13. Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions
Discover, once and for all, what irony is and is not. Explore three types of irony: verbal, situational and dramatic, and learn about some famous and everyday examples.
14. How to Recognize and Use Oxymorons
In this lesson, we will define the figure of speech called an oxymoron and look at several examples. We will then discuss how to recognize oxymorons and use them correctly in writing.
15. Synecdoche vs. Metonymy: Definitions & Examples
Would you lend your ears for a moment (or at least your eyeballs)? This lesson will explain what synecdoche and metonymy mean and how to spot them in a piece of prose or poetry.
16. Understatement & Litotes: Differences, Definitions & Examples
In this lesson, explore the use of understatement as a way to draw attention to a specific quality or to add humor. Learn about litotes, a specific form of understatement, and discover examples from literature.
17. Pun in Literature: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, we'll briefly review figurative language. Furthermore, we'll look closer at one type of figurative language: the pun. You'll be able to analyze some examples of the pun and see why it's used.
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Other chapters within the NMTA Middle Grades English Language Arts (201): Practice & Study Guide course
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Foundations of Reading Development
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Identifying Meaning With Word Structure
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Strategies for Acquiring Vocabulary
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Inference, Context & Comprehension
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Effective Reading Strategies
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Understanding Literary Structure
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Identifying Plot & Climax
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Understanding Theme in Literature
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Point of View in Literature
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Literary Devices
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Reading Informational Texts
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Strategies for Reading Persuasive Texts
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Literary Genres
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Analyzing Nonfiction
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Types of Literary Fiction
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Interpreting Literary Fiction
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Analyzing Drama
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Interpreting Poetry
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Analyzing Prose
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: English & American Literature
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Parts of Speech
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Phrases & Clauses
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Types of Sentences
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Modifiers
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Grammar Conventions
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Spelling Rules
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: The Writing Process
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Effective Composition Writing
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Elements of Research Writing
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Narrative Writing Strategies
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Descriptive Writing Elements
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Expository Writing Strategies
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Persuasive Writing Strategies
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Effective Listening
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Effective Public Speaking
- NMTA Middle Grades ELA: Using Media to Communicate
- NMTA Middle Grades English Language Arts Flashcards