# Ch 7: NMTA Middle Grades Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions

### About This Chapter

## NMTA Middle Grades Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions - Chapter Summary

Let our experienced instructors refresh your knowledge of exponents and exponential expressions. In this chapter, lessons cover topics such as:

- Identifying the five main exponent properties
- Defining a zero and negative exponent
- Evaluating exponents with fractional bases, fractions raised to a power and decimal bases
- Simplifying expressions with exponents
- Using exponential notation
- Examining the order of operations
- Multiplying and dividing exponential expressions
- Writing powers of fractions and decimals

These video lessons offer a convenient and effective way to prepare for your test. Each lesson is less than 10 minutes long and may be watched on your mobile device. Use lesson quizzes to assess how well you've mastered the information presented by the instructors.

### NMTA Middle Grades Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions Chapter Objectives

The state of New Mexico requires the NES Middle Grades Mathematics content knowledge test for educators seeking their initial license to teach math to 5th through 9th graders. The test consists of 150 multiple-choice questions provided in a computer-based format.

The test is organized into four content domains, including algebra and functions. Questions on algebra and functions account for 33% of test questions. Use the lessons, quizzes and chapter exam in this chapter to help you prepare to answer exponents and exponential expression questions on the test.

### 1. What Are the Five Main Exponent Properties?

We'll look at the five important exponent properties and an example of each. You can think of them as the order of operations for exponents. Learn how to handle math problems with exponents here!

### 2. How to Define a Zero and Negative Exponent

The zero and negative exponent properties are two you will use quite a lot in mathematics. The negative exponent property can be confusing, but when you remember a couple fun ideas, you will get it right every time!

### 3. Exponents with Fractional Bases

Watch this video lesson to learn how you can evaluate fractions that have exponents attached to them. Learn how the numerator and denominator behave with exponents.

### 4. Exponents with Decimal Bases

After watching this video lesson, you will be able to evaluate any exponents with decimal bases. Learn what the exponent does to the decimal and how to get your answer.

### 5. How to Simplify Expressions with Exponents

In this video, we will put all of the exponent properties we have learned together. Don't let lots of numbers and letters confuse you! Simplifying exponents can be easy and fun!

### 6. Rational Exponents

In this video, learn how to go from a rational exponent to a radical expression and back. No tricks or magic, just good math! We'll review the basics and look at a few examples.

### 7. Simplifying Expressions with Rational Exponents

Simplifying expressions with rational exponents is so easy. In fact, you already know how to do it! We simply use the exponent properties but with fractions as the exponent!

### 8. How to Use Exponential Notation

Exponential notation is a mathematical method for writing longer multiplication problems in a simplified manner. This lesson will define how to work with exponential notation and give some examples of how it is used.

### 9. Simplifying and Solving Exponential Expressions

What do we do with an exponent? In this lesson, we'll learn how to simplify and solve expressions containing exponents. We'll solve a variety of types of exponential expressions.

### 10. Exponential Expressions & The Order of Operations

When performing mathematical operations, there is a specific order in which the operations should be performed. This includes when to simplify the exponents. This lesson will describe in what order exponents should be solved as you are performing mathematical operations.

### 11. Multiplying Exponential Expressions

There are certain rules that govern working with exponential expressions. This lesson deals with the rule for multiplying exponential expressions. It will describe the rule and give some examples of how it works.

### 12. Dividing Exponential Expressions

Any time you work with expressions that contain exponents, you have to follow a specific set of rules that are not the same as when you are working with expressions that do not contain exponents. This lesson will describe the rules associated with dividing terms that contain exponents.

### 13. The Power of Zero: Simplifying Exponential Expressions

Raising a number to the power of zero is not the same as if the exponent is a number other than zero. This lesson will explain the rule involving using zero as an exponent and will give some examples of how it works.

### 14. Negative Exponents: Writing Powers of Fractions and Decimals

Most numbers can be written in different ways, either as a fraction, decimal or exponent. This lesson will teach you how to write fractions and decimals using exponents and how to convert between the two.

### Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

### Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the NMTA Middle Grades Mathematics (203): Practice & Study Guide course

- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Basic Arithmetic Operations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Solving Math Word Problems
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Numbers
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Estimating & Rounding
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Number Theory
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Scientific Notation
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Simplifying Whole Number Expressions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Integers
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Rational Numbers
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Fractions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Fractions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Decimals
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Decimals
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Percents
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Money & Consumer Math
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Number Patterns & Sequences
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Functions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Graphing Functions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Negative Numbers
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Absolute Value
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Inequalities
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Factoring
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Monomials & Polynomials
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Writing Algebraic Expressions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Basic Algebraic Expressions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Algebraic Distribution
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving One-Step Equations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving Two-Step Equations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Simplifying & Solving Rational Expressions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: The Coordinate Graph
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Linear Equations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Systems of Linear Equations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Rates, Ratios & Proportions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Measurement
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Perimeter & Area
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Polyhedrons & Geometric Solids
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Symmetry, Similarity & Congruence
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Lines
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Triangles
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Similar Polygons
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: The Pythagorean Theorem
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Quadrilaterals
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Circles
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Circular Arcs & Measurement
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Transformations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Data & Graphs
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Statistics
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Data Collection
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Samples & Populations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Probability
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Sets
- NMTA Middle Grades Mathematics Flashcards