# Ch 20: NMTA Middle Grades Math: Graphing Functions

### About This Chapter

## NMTA Middle Grades Mathematics: Graphing Functions - Chapter Summary

As you study for the NMTA Middle Grades Mathematics exam, watch the lesson videos of this chapter to review the steps used when graphing points, linear equations and parabolas. Follow along with our expert instructors as they demonstrate these skills so that you will be ready for questions on test day about:

- Plotting points to graph functions
- Identifying linear portions of functions and properties of functions
- Finding the properties of a linear equation
- Point-Slope Formula of lines
- Distance Formula
- Midpoint Formula
- Standard, intercept and vertex forms of parabolas
- Graphing cubics, quartics, etc.

If you come up with any questions about these topics during the course of this chapter, be sure to ask our instructors for clarification so that you can master the material presented. Fortify your understanding by completing lesson worksheets and quizzes. Using your quiz results, find topics you didn't master, then use video tags to return to lesson videos to reinforce your knowledge. For an alternative review of the material, read over the lesson transcripts that present the same information but in written outlines.

### NMTA Middle Grades Mathematics: Graphing Functions - Chapter Objectives

Math teachers interested in teaching middle grades in the state of New Mexico are required to take the NMTA Middle Grades Mathematics for certification. On test day you will be asked to complete 150 multiple-choice questions in a four hour and 15 minute testing session. Of these questions you can expect to see 33% of them to be about algebra and functions, including some on graphs. The videos, worksheets and quizzes of this chapter have been put together to help you review the skills needed to respond to these questions.

### 1. Graph Functions by Plotting Points

Let's say you have a function. What does it look like? How do you graph it? In this lesson, we'll learn how to graph functions by determining and plotting points.

### 2. Identify Where a Function is Linear, Increasing or Decreasing, Positive or Negative

Functions do all kinds of fun things. In this lesson, learn how to identify traits of functions such as linear or nonlinear, increasing or decreasing and positive or negative.

### 3. How to Find and Apply The Slope of a Line

In this lesson, we'll discover all about the slopes of lines. We'll learn about different types of slopes and how to find the slopes of lines. We'll use two methods: the slope formula and the slope-intercept form.

### 4. How to Find and Apply the Intercepts of a Line

How can you take an equation of a line and find out where it will cross the x- or y-axis? In this lesson, we'll define x-intercepts and y-intercepts and learn how to find them.

### 5. Equation of a Line Using Point-Slope Formula

It's time for a road trip to Las Vegas, and after four hours of driving at 60 mph ... Are we there yet? Learn the point-slope form of the equation of a line to help answer this age-old question.

### 6. How to Use The Distance Formula

You can't always rely on your smartphone to tell you how far you need to travel to get from point A to point B. The distance formula will tell you the distance between any two points on a graph. In this lesson, you'll learn where it comes from and how to use it!

### 7. How to Use The Midpoint Formula

The formula for the midpoint of a line segment will tell you how to find the middle of any line segment on the x, y plane. Learn about this formula and see how it is used to find the midpoint of a line segment.

### 8. What is a Parabola?

A parabola is the U shape that we get when we graph a quadratic equation. We actually see parabolas all over the place in real life. In this lesson, learn where, and the correct vocab to use when talking about them.

### 9. Parabolas in Standard, Intercept, and Vertex Form

By rearranging a quadratic equation, you can end up with an infinite number of ways to express the same thing. Learn about the three main forms of a quadratic and the pros and cons of each.

### 10. How to Graph Cubics, Quartics, Quintics and Beyond

Finding the graph of a polynomial isn't too hard. If you can graph, you already know the major steps! With a couple rules and helpful memorizing tools, you will be graphing polynomials in no time!

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the NMTA Middle Grades Mathematics (203): Practice & Study Guide course

- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Basic Arithmetic Operations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Solving Math Word Problems
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Numbers
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Estimating & Rounding
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Number Theory
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Scientific Notation
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Simplifying Whole Number Expressions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Integers
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Rational Numbers
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Fractions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Fractions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Decimals
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Decimals
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Percents
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Money & Consumer Math
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Number Patterns & Sequences
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Functions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Negative Numbers
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Absolute Value
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Inequalities
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Factoring
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Monomials & Polynomials
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Writing Algebraic Expressions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Basic Algebraic Expressions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Algebraic Distribution
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving One-Step Equations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving Two-Step Equations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Simplifying & Solving Rational Expressions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: The Coordinate Graph
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Linear Equations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Systems of Linear Equations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Rates, Ratios & Proportions
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Measurement
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Perimeter & Area
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Polyhedrons & Geometric Solids
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Symmetry, Similarity & Congruence
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Lines
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Triangles
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Similar Polygons
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: The Pythagorean Theorem
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Quadrilaterals
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Circles
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Circular Arcs & Measurement
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Transformations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Data & Graphs
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Statistics
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Data Collection
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Samples & Populations
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Probability
- NMTA Middle Grades Math: Sets
- NMTA Middle Grades Mathematics Flashcards