About This Chapter
NMTA: Social Groups & Organizations - Chapter Summary
Learn more about social groups and organizations before you take the NMTA Middle Grades Social Science exam. This chapter focuses on defining types of groups and outlining how they are structured. We also discuss group dynamics and social constructs such as bureaucracy and groupthink, with lessons from experts in the field. This set of videos includes discussions on:
- Types of groups and leadership styles
- Social conformity
- Social loafing and facilitation
- Social groups
- Utilitarian, normative, and coercive structures
- Social theories from Max Weber and George Ritzer
This chapter comes as a comprehensive test-preparation suite: instruction is accompanied by memorable and interesting videos, a transcript of the lesson is available for review of key terms, and lesson quizzes and the chapter test gauge your understanding of the material. Our unique navigation tools allow you to watch the videos in any order you please and to skip to specific parts of individual videos with handy topic tags.
NMTA: Social Groups & Organizations Chapter Objectives
The contents of this chapter focus on material tested in the Geography and Culture content domain (19% of the total test questions) of the NMTA Middle Grades Social Science exam, particularly competency 0011: Understand human systems. You will have three hours to complete the exam and must score 220 or higher on the scaled score system ranging from 100-300. There are 150 questions on the exam, all multiple-choice.
When you finish you will receive your scaled score immediately, but the more-detailed, official score report will be delivered to you and your institution later, within two weeks. Registration must be completed through the NMTA website, where you can also check licensure requirements to make sure this is the correct test for your licensure and endorsement goals.
Watch these videos and take the assessments as often as you need to reinforce your understanding of social groups as you near test day. The material here is highly relevant and the multiple-choice questions will give you loads of experience answering the same kinds of questions you can expect to see on the real test.
1. Types of Social Groups: Primary, Secondary and Reference Groups
The study of social groups is a main focus of many sociologists. In this lesson, we define social groups and differentiate between several different types including primary, secondary, and reference groups.
2. Leadership Styles and Types: Authoritarian, Laissez-Faire & Democratic
Most of us are members of many different social groups, and several of those groups have leaders. In this lesson, we define and discuss both instrumental and expressive leadership in groups. We also cover three leadership decision-making styles: authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire.
3. Social Conformity Definition: Normative vs. Informational
Social conformity and obedience are two very powerful phenomenons in human behavior and sociology. In this lesson, we discuss the two types of social conformity and differentiate between conformity and obedience. We also discuss two famous experiments by Solomon Asch and Stanley Milgram.
4. Groupthink: Definition & Examples
Some groups are quick to make decisions to maintain cohesion, but this can be a critical mistake to make. This lesson explains the concept of groupthink using the Challenger explosion as an example.
5. Social Loafing & Social Facilitation: Definition and Effects of Groups
Do you prefer to work in a group or by yourself? Why? Working in a group certainly has a number of advantages and disadvantages. In this lesson, we discuss three phenomena that can occur as a result of working in groups: groupthink, social loafing, and social facilitation.
6. Social Groups: Dyad and Triad & In-Groups and Out-Groups
How big are your social groups? How do you decide who to include in those groups? In this lesson, we discuss how group size can affect group dynamics and relationships. We also discuss group membership and differentiate between in-groups and out-groups.
7. Formal Organization Structure: Utilitarian, Normative & Coercive
Our modern society is filled with groups of people that range from small families to giant corporations. In this lesson, we discuss the characteristics that must be present in order for a group to be considered a formal organization. We also discuss the differences between coercive, utilitarian, and normative organizations.
8. Max Weber: Verstehen and the Rationalization of Society
Max Weber's work has had a profound impact on sociology. In this lesson, we define and discuss his theory of rationalization and how it has changed social groups and society as a whole over time. We also discuss Weber's other related theories of Verstehen and the iron cage.
9. George Ritzer and the McDonaldization of Society: Definition and Principles
George Ritzer authored 'The McDonaldization of Society' in 1993, and it remains one of the bestselling sociology books of all time. In this lesson, we discuss his concept of McDonaldization and the four main characteristics of McDonaldization that he describes.
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Other chapters within the NMTA Middle Grades Social Science (202): Practice & Study Guide course
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- NMTA: Early Civilizations
- NMTA: Major Religions
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- NMTA: Development of Europe
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- NMTA: Inflation & Unemployment
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