Ch 35: NMTA Social Science: First Contacts (28,000 BCE-1821 CE)

About This Chapter

Watch these video lessons on first contacts between Europeans and native cultures to prepare for the NMTA Social Science teacher certification test in New Mexico.

NMTA Social Science: First Contacts (28,000 BCE-1821 CE) - Chapter Summary

View these lessons to get an overview of the history of first contacts between European explorers and settlers and native cultures of North America. The lessons in this chapter cover some of the following topics that may appear on the NMTA Social Science exam:

  • Origins of early cultures in the Americas
  • Discussing Mesoamerican civilizations from the Olmec civilization to Cortez
  • Examination of pre-Columbian South American civilizations
  • Looking at North American Indian cultures before the arrival of Europeans
  • Identifying the effects of European colonization
  • Examining Spanish explorers and Spanish colonies

Our video lessons provide a number of features to simplify the process of studying for your test. Each video is brief and available to watch 24/7. You can re-watch over and over again. If you only need to see an explanation of a key point, use video tags to jump to that section of the lesson. Take lesson quizzes to drive home your mastery of the materials.

NMTA Social Science: First Contacts (28,000 BCE-1821 CE) - Chapter Objectives

The NMTA Social Science test is required by the state of New Mexico for candidates seeking their secondary teaching license to teach social science. The test has 150 multiple-choice questions and each test session lasts 3 hours. Questions about first contacts between 28,000 BCE and 1821 CE may be asked under Content Domain I- Historiography and World History or Content Domain II- U.S. History. Use our video lessons and the multiple-choice chapter exam to ensure you are ready to answer these types of questions on the NMTA Social Science test.

7 Lessons in Chapter 35: NMTA Social Science: First Contacts (28,000 BCE-1821 CE)
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Native American History: Origins of Early People in the Americas

1. Native American History: Origins of Early People in the Americas

Because the first humans and civilizations got their start in Africa and the Middle East, historians and anthropologists have had to figure out how Native Americans got to the Americas. In this lesson we look at the three prevailing theories of the earliest migration to the New World.

Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes

2. Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes

This lesson focuses on the early cultures of Mesoamerica. The Olmec, Maya, and Aztecs developed great civilizations in Mesoamerica over millennia. Then, after all of this development and the building of a great empire, the Aztec were quickly defeated by Hernando Cortes.

The Inca Civilization and Pizarro: Pre-Columbian South America

3. The Inca Civilization and Pizarro: Pre-Columbian South America

The Incan Empire was an amazing empire of the early Americas. Their accomplishments rival those of many other great empires, but they were defeated by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro in only a few years.

Pre-Columbian Civilization: North American Indians Before Europeans

4. Pre-Columbian Civilization: North American Indians Before Europeans

Watch this video for an overview of the cultural groups of Native Americans as they lived at the time of first contact with Europeans. Some of these groupings, like the tribes of the plains, changed so much due to the addition of European influences, such as horses, that there is only conjecture as to how exactly they lived before European contact.

Effects of European Colonization: Christopher Columbus and Native Americans

5. Effects of European Colonization: Christopher Columbus and Native Americans

The earliest explorers in the Western Hemisphere left a legacy that would shape the development of the Americas permanently. No matter what they came looking for, Europeans left behind death, horses, and metal.

New Spain: Spanish Explorers and Spanish Colonies

6. New Spain: Spanish Explorers and Spanish Colonies

Who are the most well-known explorers and conquistadors of the New World? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the most infamous explorers. We'll discover the difference between explorers and conquistadors, and then learn about the encomienda system.

The Columbian Exchange

7. The Columbian Exchange

The Columbian Exchange is a term used to denote the world-changing exchange of agricultural goods, slave labor, diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres that occurred after the year 1492 CE.

Chapter Practice Exam
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Practice Final Exam
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