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Ch 34: NMTA Social Science: Western Civilization Since 1945

About This Chapter

Delve into historical facts about the last half of the 20th century in this chapter as you study for the New Mexico Teacher Assessments (NMTA) Social Science test.

NMTA Social Science: Western Civilization Since 1945 - Chapter Summary

Looking at Western civilization after 1945 often involves examining how individual countries rebuilt after World War II, and all of the political and economic results thereafter. Analyze the materials in this chapter as you determine the best way to answer questions related to this topic on the NMTA Social Science test. Upon completing this chapter, you should know many of the details about the following topics:

  • European economic and political reconstruction post-World War II
  • Creation of Israel and Taiwan
  • Post-war developments in Africa
  • Worldwide independence movements
  • The Cold War
  • Communism
  • Arab-Israeli conflict
  • Glasnost and Perestroika
  • Developments in art, science, culture, and technology

View the video lessons in this chapter as you develop a timeline for this historical era. Inspect each lesson's transcript to learn more about key terms and social movements. Although there is a lot of information for this topic in particular, the chapter has been divided into many short lessons that really let you focus on one topic at a time. Make our lesson quizzes and chapter exams a major part of your study regimen for the NMTA Social Science test.

NMTA Social Science: Western Civilization Since 1945 Objectives

As part of the state licensure process, social science teachers in New Mexico must take the NMTA Social Science test to prove their skill and familiarity within this field. Over the course of three hours, test-takers will answer 150 multiple-choice style questions. The test has been divided into five key domains, and questions about Western civilization since 1945 will most likely be included in the world history domain. Of your total score, 25% will be based on your answers to questions in this domain.

15 Lessons in Chapter 34: NMTA Social Science: Western Civilization Since 1945
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Economic Reconstruction in Europe After WWII: Recovery Programs & Their Effect

1. Economic Reconstruction in Europe After WWII: Recovery Programs & Their Effect

In this lesson, we explore the measures taken by the United States to aid its European allies in combating the severe economic depression in Europe immediately after World War II.

Political Reconstruction in Europe After WWII: History & Impact

2. Political Reconstruction in Europe After WWII: History & Impact

In this lesson, we explore the political reconstruction of Europe in the years immediately following World War II and the splitting of Europe between capitalist and communist states.

The Creation of Israel in 1948: Timeline & Resulting Conflicts

3. The Creation of Israel in 1948: Timeline & Resulting Conflicts

In this lesson, we explore the movements and political developments that led to the creation of the state of Israel and the subsequent backlash from the Arab world.

Post-WWII Independence Movements Around the World: History & Examples

4. Post-WWII Independence Movements Around the World: History & Examples

In this lesson, we explore the diverse and varied experience of decolonization in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa after World War II when Western Europe began to withdraw its claims to far away territory and colonies.

The Chinese Revolution and Creation of Taiwan: History & Timeline

5. The Chinese Revolution and Creation of Taiwan: History & Timeline

In this lesson we explore the long struggle between the Kuomintang and the Chinese Communist Party before, during, and after WWII, and the subsequent creation of Taiwan after the communist victory.

Changes in Africa After World War II

6. Changes in Africa After World War II

In this lesson, we will examine changes in Africa following World War II. We will discover what factors led to decolonization in the wake of World War II, and we will highlight the central themes surrounding African independence movements.

Conflicts During the Cold War: Examples & Causes

7. Conflicts During the Cold War: Examples & Causes

In this lesson, we explore several of the world's conflicts in the second half of the 20th century that ended up becoming proxy wars between the United States and the Soviet Union in their Cold War standoff.

The Space Race: Definition, History & Timeline

8. The Space Race: Definition, History & Timeline

In this lesson, we explore the 20th century's space race between the United States and the Soviet Union, where both superpowers competed to be the first in space and the first to reach the moon.

Fall of the Soviet Union and End of the Cold War: Causes & Timeline

9. Fall of the Soviet Union and End of the Cold War: Causes & Timeline

In this lesson, we chart the reforms made by Russian premier Mikhail Gorbachev attempting to save the Soviet Union and the communist federation's eventual dissolution in 1991.

Communism and the Cuban Revolution: Castro, the Bay of Pigs & the Cuban Missile Crisis

10. Communism and the Cuban Revolution: Castro, the Bay of Pigs & the Cuban Missile Crisis

In this lesson, we will examine the relationship between communism and the country of Cuba. We will focus specifically on the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro's rise to power, the Bay of Pigs Invasion, and the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika: Explanation and Significance

11. Gorbachev's Policies of Glasnost and Perestroika: Explanation and Significance

In this lesson, we will examine Mikhail Gorbachev's reform policies of glasnost and perestroika. We will learn what led to these developments and see how they impacted the Soviet Union.

Recent Developments of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

12. Recent Developments of the Arab-Israeli Conflict

Despite the 2000 Camp David summit, peace remains elusive between Israel and Palestinians. Problems include a second Intifada, safety concerns from Hamas and Hezbollah, Israeli retaliations that harm civilians, and the Gaza blockade and tunnels.

The Advance of Science & Technology Since 1945: Developments & Impact

13. The Advance of Science & Technology Since 1945: Developments & Impact

In this lesson, we explore just a few of the numerous advances and innovations made in the worlds of sciences and technology, from automobiles and televisions to computers and phones that can fit in the palm of your hand.

Social & Political Developments Since 1945

14. Social & Political Developments Since 1945

In this lesson, we examine several social and political developments in the United States and in Western Europe since 1945, from the civil rights movement to the creation of the European Union.

Art & Culture Since 1945: Types & Artists

15. Art & Culture Since 1945: Types & Artists

In this lesson, we explore the art and culture of post-World War II Western society, from the fledgling television programming to the disparate directions of 20th-century art.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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