About This Chapter
Standard: Analyze how the author unfolds an analysis or series of ideas or events, including the order in which the points are made, how they are introduced and developed, and the connections that are drawn between them. (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9-10.3)
About This Chapter
Students should be better able to deconstruct the sequence of contents within an informational text to analyze how the component parts interact to support the author's claims after watching these videos. They will understand the relationship between micro- and macro-structure within text and what the text says. Specifically, these lessons cover methods for:
- Categorizing and organizing information
- Determining text structure and cause and effect in passages
- Describing the effects of structure on meaning
- Determining and analyzing sequence of events
- Studying information represented graphically in a text
Mastery in this skillset will be evident as your students demonstrate the capacity to identify, organize, and graphically represent a sequence of events and ideas. They will be able to illustrate the relationships between various components of the text, including cause and effect, using tools such as Venn diagrams, hierarchy charts, and semantic maps. Finally, students will have the capacity to consistently explain the logical path an author used to arrive at a main argument.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Incorporating the lessons in this chapter is easy: here are some activities you might try.
Watch the videos on determining and analyzing sequences and, if you have not already covered it, briefly describe semantic maps. As homework, have students read a text which includes a highly-structured, multi-item sequence of ideas or events. They will then create a grid of ideas and/or events with those from the text surrounded by other concepts the student creates on their own. Their original events/ideas may come from similar texts they research on the topic or from the period, or they may be entirely imagined.
As with most traditional mazes, the sequence should begin somewhere on the outside and end somewhere in the middle of the grid. Leave the middle bubble, which represents the concluding argument toward which the sequence led, blank. Students will trade mazes in class, their peers following the trail and summarizing the concluding argument in their own words in the central bubble. Make the process more challenging by having students identify their own texts, which they will have to provide their peers to guide them through the maze.
Videos as homework
Simply assign one or more videos and their associated quizzes as homework. Each video is under 10 minutes long, so you can assume an average of about 15 minutes to complete each video and quiz. Have students complete the chapter quiz as homework or in class the day after they complete all of the videos to check understanding and retention of ideas.
Was it the chicken or the egg?
Watch the video on cause and effect as a class. Using one or several informational texts, make a list of cause/effect pairs. Since we're going to assume the egg came first (at least for this activity's sake), it will be associated with cause and the chicken with effect. Cut all of the items into separate slips of paper and make a box to represent a coop and a basket for the eggs. As a class or in small groups, have students deposit their cause/effect slips into the appropriate containers.
1. Organizing and Categorizing Ideas, Concepts and Information
In this lesson, you will learn clear, simple ways to group your ideas together. First, you'll figure out what the paper is about, and then the rest is easy!
2. How to Determine the Cause and Effect of an Event in a Passage
Recognize and understand how cause and effect relates to literature. Learn how to determine and find cause and effect in a reading passage, along with a strategy to assist you.
3. How to Determine the Text Structure of a Passage Using Transitions
Text structures are identifiable patterns in the organization of text in a written work. This lesson will discuss the use of transitions to determine text structure. We will end with a very short quiz to see what you have learned.
4. What is Structure in Writing and How Does it Affect Meaning?
In this lesson, we will define the role of structure in literature. From there, we will look at the different ways to structure fiction and how it affects the meaning.
5. Determining the Sequence of Events or Steps in a Reading Selection
News articles or other types of informational texts can be structured through a sequence of events or steps. In this lesson, we will examine how that is done and how to identify this structure.
6. Analyzing Sequence of Events in an Informational Text
In this lesson, you'll learn how to identify the different types of sequencing of events from non-fiction, informational text. You will learn how to use context clues and make inferences about the ordering of events in a text.
7. How to Analyze Graphic Information Inside a Text
In this lesson, we explore graphic information in texts. We will take a look at the types of graphics often seen in nonfiction, learn how to analyze them, and see how they contribute to the texts' information.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Informational Text Grades 9-10: Standards course
- Informational Text for Common Core ELA - Informational Text 9-10
- Citing Textual Evidence: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
- Central Idea & Summarizing: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
- Word Choice & Tone: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
- Figurative & Technical Language: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
- Idea Development: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.5
- Author's Purpose & Point of View: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.6
- Accounts in Different Mediums: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.7
- Argumentative Texts: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.8
- Analyzing Seminal U.S. Documents: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.9