About This Chapter
North American Colonial Settlement by Europeans - Chapter Summary
In this chapter chapter on colonial settlement in North America, our instructors present lessons that help you understand why Europeans sailed to the the New World. You'll also learn and learn about the first European settlements in places like Jamestown and New France. After completing this chapter, you will be able to:
- Identify the failed colonies of France and England
- Discuss New France, New Netherlands and New Sweden
- Detail the Mayflower, Plymouth Rock, the Puritans and the founding the the New England colonies
- Summarize the Middle and and Southern colonies
- Describe life in early America
- Outline the rise of slave trade and key aspects of black history in colonial America
- Analyze the developing economy, overseas trade and the world events that influenced colonial America
Review these short lesson videos when it is convenient for you. Lessons are available at any time and anywhere you have an Internet-connected device. You can submit questions to our content experts if you get stuck on a concept. For additional review material, you can print the lesson transcripts and worksheets.
1. The Old World and New World: Why Europeans Sailed to the Americas
This lesson will focus on the Age of Exploration. It will explain the main reasons why Europeans explored the New World. It will highlight their spirit of adventure, the religious desire to see natives converted, and the chance to acquire wealth.
2. First European Settlements of North America
In this lesson, you will explore the first years of European colonization in North America as several nations attempted to establish their first colonial settlements. Then, you can test your understanding with a brief quiz.
3. North American Exploration & Failed Colonies of France & England
Between 1497 and 1607, the rulers and leading citizens of European nations fought to establish their own empires in North America, as Spain had been doing for 100 years in South America. Learn about influential explorers and their failed attempts to establish their own New World colonies.
4. The Settlement of Jamestown Colony
In 1607, the London Company settled the colony of Jamestown. The settlers overcame many odds to become the first permanent, English settlement in North America. In this lesson, learn about the failures and successes of Jamestown before it was taken over by the Crown.
5. New France, New Netherlands & New Sweden: North American Settlements
Spain and England weren't the only European nations trying to establish colonies in the New World. The French had a foothold for more than a century, and the Dutch and Swedish fought for their own places in America.
6. The Mayflower and the Plymouth Rock Settlement
Find out how much you know about the Pilgrims and their voyage. In this lesson, you'll learn about the misplaced Plymouth Colony, its escaped indentured servants, and the Wampanoag Indians who saved their lives.
7. The Puritans and the Founding of the New England Colonies
Learn about the people and motives that led to the founding of Massachusetts Bay Colony, as well as the growth and internal dissent that led to the establishment of Rhode Island, Connecticut and New Hampshire.
8. The Southern Colonies: Settlement and Growth
What led to the use of slavery and the creation of different colonies? In this lesson, learn about the unique purposes and patterns of settlement, growth and society in the southern colonies (Virginia, Maryland, the Carolinas, and Georgia).
9. The Middle Colonies: New York, Delaware, New Jersey & Pennsylvania
Learn about the unique identity and diversity of the middle colonies that led America to be called a melting pot. English control of the middle colonies began with the takeover of New Netherland, from which all of the other middle colonies can trace their beginnings.
10. The 13 Colonies: Life in Early America
What was it like to live in America during the colonial period? Just like today, it depended where you were. Learn about the factors that categorized all of the American colonies, as well as the differences between the northern, middle and southern colonies.
11. Rise of Slave Trade: Black History in Colonial America
In this lesson, you'll learn a little about the slave trade, the growth and characteristics of slavery in the colonial period - including laws regulating the institution and the population of free blacks in the English colonies.
12. The 13 Colonies: Developing Economy & Overseas Trade
England's intention had always been for the colonies to make them rich. The plan worked, but it became more difficult for England to make sure things stayed that way. And even with regulation, the colonies prospered, too.
13. The 13 Colonies: World Events that Influenced Colonial America
How come New York seems like part of the Northeast instead of a Middle colony? Where did the Amish come from? What gave colonists the idea that they had a right to representation when there was a king? What's the difference between England and Great Britain? If these were English colonies, how come so many Americans say they have Scottish or Scots-Irish ancestry? This lesson answers these questions and other mysteries of American history.
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Other chapters within the AP US History: Exam Prep course
- Early Civilizations of America
- Events & Leaders of the American Revolution Overview
- Creation of the United States Post-American Revolution
- The Virginia Dynasty & Jacksonian Democracy Overview
- Everyday Life in Antebellum America
- Overview of Westward Expansion
- Buildup to the American Civil War
- The American Civil War
- After the Civil War: Reconstruction
- Industrialization & Urbanization (1870-1900)
- Social Issues of the Progressive Era (1900-1917)
- American Imperialism & World War I
- America in the 1920s (1920-1929)
- The Great Depression & New Deal (1929-1940)
- Significant Events of World War II
- World Events & Politics After World War II (1946-1959)
- Events & Presidents During the Cold War (1950-1973)
- Overview of Civil Rights & Other Movements
- Changes in the Modern United States
- Recent American History & Politics
- Critical Thinking Skills for AP US History
- AP U.S. History: Test-Taking Skills and Prep
- Essay Writing Overview
- AP US History Flashcards
- Important Events Leading to the American Revolution