About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Nucleic Acids - DNA and RNA chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||DNA structure||DNA's nucleotide structure and phosphodiester bonds|
|Tuesday||Nitrogenous bases||Complementary base pairings of guanine, adenine, thymine and cytosine|
|Wednesday||Early experimentation||The development of the transforming principle; the discovery of DNA's double helix structure|
|Thursday||RNA structure||RNA's single strand and unique nitrogenous base, uracil|
|Friday||RNA function||Roles of messenger RNA, ribosomal RNA and transfer RNA in the transcription and translation processes|
1. DNA: Chemical Structure of Nucleic Acids & Phosphodiester Bonds
In this lesson, you'll discover what nucleotides look like and how they come together to form polynucleotides. We'll also explore nucleic acids and focus on DNA in particular.
2. DNA: Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine & Complementary Base Pairing
Learn the language of nucleotides as we look at the nitrogenous bases adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine. Armed with this knowledge, you'll also see why DNA strands must run in opposite directions.
3. DNA: Discovery, Facts, Structure & Function in Heredity
This lesson will help you to navigate the twists and turns of DNA's structure. We'll also clue you in on the amazing discoveries that put this nucleic acid in the limelight as the molecule of heredity.
4. Differences Between RNA and DNA & Types of RNA (mRNA, tRNA & rRNA)
In this lesson, you'll explore RNA structure and learn the central dogma of molecular biology. Along the way, you'll meet the three types of RNA and see how the cell uses them most effectively.
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