About This Chapter
Understanding Nutrition for Nurses - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Good nutrition is the foundation for a healthy body. We've all heard that we must eat plenty of fruits, vegetables and healthy proteins to maintain our health, but for some people it's not so simple. They may suffer from health problems related to, or exacerbated by, poor nutrition. Nurses must be able to understand nutritional considerations when assessing and implementing nursing interventions to help a sick patient. In these videos, you will learn:
- How nutrition is defined
- About health diet guidelines
- How food is digested and absorbed
- Common conditions related to nutrition problems
- Techniques for assessing a patient's nutritional and gastrointestinal status
|What is Nutrition?||Identify the six classes of nutrients and their primary functions.|
|Healthy Diet Planning Guidelines: Nutrients & Food Groups||Discuss the food guide pyramid.|
|Digestive System I: The Upper Gastrointestinal Tract||Describe the anatomy and functions of the upper gastrointestinal tract.|
|Digestive System II: The Lower Gastrointestinal Tract||Examine the lower gastrointestinal tract's physiology and anatomy.|
|Calories: Definition, Purpose & Total Count||Study the calorie and learn how to calculate a calorie count and content.|
|Common Nutritional Disturbances||Identify nutrition problems and conditions, such as vomiting, heartburn, obesity, anorexia and malnutrition.|
|Factors that Influence Dietary Choices: Gender, Culture & Other Issues||Consider the many issues that influence decisions about diet and nutrition.|
|Diet Adaptations & Alternative Feeding Methods||Determine when and why diet adaptions are necessary and discuss alternative feeding methods.|
|Nursing Assessment of Nutritional & Gastrointestinal Status||Discuss techniques used to assess nutritional and gastrointestinal status during a patient interview.|
|Vitamins: Functions & Food Sources||Identify various sources of vitamins and how they can help supplement nutrition.|
|Minerals: Functions & Food Sources||Study the different minerals that play a role in good nutrition.|
|Nursing Case Study on Nutrition||Apply your understanding of nutrition to analyze a realistic situation in a medical office using the nursing care process.|
1. What is Nutrition?
Nutrition is the process where the body takes in nutrients from the food it has ingested. Learn about the definition of nutrition, the different macronutrients and micronutrients, and the importance of water to the body.
2. Healthy Diet Planning Guidelines: Nutrients & Food Groups
The USDA developed healthy diet planning guidelines to help Americans choose foods that promote their health. Learn the benefits of a healthy eating plan, discover the recommended dietary guidelines, explore the nutrients in the five food groups, and review the USDA's food guides.
3. Digestive System I: The Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
The first stages of the digestive process take place throughout the upper gastrointestinal tract. Review the process of how food moves through the upper gastrointestinal tract, including the mouth, the throat, and the stomach.
4. Digestive System II: The Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
The digestive process occurs primarily in the small intestine. This lesson details the function of each section of the lower gastrointestinal tract, including digestion and water absorption.
5. Calories: Definition, Purpose & Total Count
Learn about calories, their definition, purpose, and the total count of calories that a human body needs for energy balance. Review the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges to achieve optimal nutrition through macronutrient goals.
6. Common Nutritional Disturbances
Different factors in a person's daily activity or diet can cause nutritional disturbances and affect nutritional intake and retention. Learn more about nutritional disturbances, such as vomiting, heartburn, obesity, anorexia, and discover how they relate to malnutrition.
7. Factors that Influence Dietary Choices: Gender, Culture & Other Issues
Your socio-cultural upbringing and personal choices may actually affect your dietary needs. Learn about male and female differences in dietary outcomes, how age and culture impact eating, and specific population dietary considerations.
8. Diet Adaptations & Alternative Feeding Methods
When a person makes a change to their diet, this is known as a diet adaptation. Explore the various diet adaptations and other alternative feeding methods, including some medical reasons for why they are used.
9. Assessing a Patient's Nutritional & Gastrointestinal Status
Determining a patient's nutritional and gastrointestinal status is important when nutritional health problems are suspected. Learn how a patient's nutritional and gastrointestinal status is assessed through background information, nutritional assessments, and physical exams.
10. Nursing Assessment of Nutritional & Gastrointestinal Status
Nurses conduct an assessment of a patient's gastrointestinal status and health through lengthy conversation in the form of an examination. Learn how the health and nutritional history of a patient is collected to assess their nutritional and gastrointestinal status.
11. Vitamins: Functions & Food Sources
Vitamins are organic compounds that aid in growth and nutrition. Explore an overview of vitamins, discover the functions and food sources of vitamins, and learn about water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins.
12. Minerals: Functions & Food Sources
Minerals are chemical elements that bodies need in order to function properly. Explore the functions and food sources of minerals, discover an overview of minerals, and learn about macrominerals and trace minerals.
13. Nursing Case Study on Nutrition
In this nursing case study on nutrition, nurse Karen helps Louisa with her health issues. Discover how Karen used the nursing process of assessing nutritional habits, prioritizing a diagnosis, nutrition planning and implementation, and plan evaluation to help Louisa.
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Other chapters within the Fundamentals of Nursing course
- The Profession of Nursing
- Communication & Interpersonal Relations in Nursing
- Nursing Safety
- Hygiene for Nurses
- Asepsis & Infection Control
- Medication Administration & Nursing
- Understanding the Body's Defenses in Nursing
- Understanding Rest & Sleep for Nurses
- Mobility & Immobility Issues in Nursing
- Understanding Pain & Pain Management for Nurses
- Fluid & Electrolyte Balance Concerns in Nursing
- Understanding Elimination in Nursing
- Understanding Oxygenation in Nursing