About This Chapter
Nutrition - Chapter Summary
This chapter will teach you about nutrition, the major nutrients, and the vitamins and minerals the body needs to thrive. We will cover dietary reference intakes, nutritional assessment, and reliable sources of nutrition information. Here are the other topics covered in the chapter:
- Interpretation of food labels
- Use of energy by the body
- Nutritional choices: habits, behaviors, influencing factors
- Healthy eating: guidelines and the creation of a plan
Each of our brief video lessons comes with a timeline containing quick-links that will allow you to skip to major video-topics. The lesson quizzes also include links that will take you to the lesson information needed to review a missed question. In addition, the experienced instructors are available to answer your questions as you study.
1. What is Nutrition?
Nutrition is the process of taking in nutrients from the foods you eat. Learn about the six nutrients needed for energy, maintenance of tissues and regulation of bodily processes: carbohydrates, fats, proteins, water, vitamins and minerals.
2. Energy-Yielding Nutrients: Carbohydrates, Fat & Protein
Carbohydrates, fats and proteins are referred to as the three energy-yielding nutrients because they provide your body with energy that is measured in calories. You'll also learn about another substance that can provide your body with calories, even though it is not a nutrient.
3. Minerals in Our Food: Functions in the Body & Food Sources
Minerals are important substances that help your body's form and function on many different levels. This lesson will go over some important ones, what they do, and where they are found in our diets.
4. Vitamins We Need: Their Importance & Sources
There are a lot of different vitamins, and they come from many different places! This lesson will teach you about what they are, how many different kinds you need, what they do, and where you can obtain them naturally.
5. Dietary Reference Intakes: EAR, RDA, AI & UL
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) are a set of values used to plan a healthy diet. Learn about the DRI values: Estimated Average Requirements (EARs), Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), Adequate Intakes (AIs) and Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs).
6. Assessing Your Nutrition, Diet & Health: How to Avoid Disease
A nutritional assessment is used to determine the nutritional status of a person or group of people. Learn about the ABCDs of nutritional assessment: anthropometric assessment, biochemical assessment, clinical assessment and dietary assessment.
7. How to Find Sources of Reliable Nutrition Information
There is a lot of nutritional information available through the Internet and other media outlets, so how do you find reliable sources of nutritional information? Follow along to find out and learn how to protect yourself from false claims.
8. How to Read Food Labels: Understanding Claims & Components
The nutritional facts label provides information about the nutrient content of a food item. Learn about the components found on the label, as well as additional nutrient content claims and health claims that food manufacturers can add to packaging in this lesson.
9. Energy Balance: How the Body Uses Energy
Energy balance is the relationship between the energy you take in and the energy you use. Learn how you take in energy from the foods you eat and how your body uses that energy for your basal metabolism, physical activity and food digestion.
10. Determination of Energy Use by the Body
How much energy does your body use each day? Your body uses energy to perform the vital bodily functions that keep you alive and for any physical activities you engage in. Learn about the methods available to determine energy use by the body.
11. Making Healthy Nutritional Choices: Habits, Behaviors & Resources
This lesson will help you see how easy it is to track what you eat and change your diet for the better. It will also provide you with additional information on where a wealth of information on healthy nutrition can be found.
12. Healthy Diet Planning Guidelines: Nutrients & Food Groups
The USDA and Health and Human Services developed dietary guidelines for Americans that outline diet and lifestyle recommendations. Learn how these guidelines, along with the USDA food guides, can be used to help you develop a healthy eating plan in this video lesson.
13. How to Create a Healthy Eating Plan
Would you like to know what goes into creating a healthy eating plan? Learn how to evaluate your current food intake, find your nutritional needs, choose the right foods and assess your progress to create a plan that meets your nutritional needs.
14. Factors that Influence Dietary Choices: Gender, Culture & Other Issues
You are a unique person and therefore, the dietary choices you make should be well-suited to who you are and what you do. The factors that influence these choices will be the focus of this lesson.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the TExES Health EC-12 (157): Practice & Study Guide course
- Human Body Systems
- Maintaining Healthy Body Systems
- Prenatal and Human Development
- Nutritional Disorders
- Physical Fitness
- Communicable Diseases
- Noncommunicable Diseases
- Understanding the Immune System
- Emotional & Mental Health
- Families & Family Issues
- Health & Healthy Relationships
- Sexuality & Health
- Contraception and Family Planning
- Safety, Accidents & Emergencies
- Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drugs
- Substance Abuse & Addiction
- Community & Environmental Health
- Health Skills & Resources
- Health-Related Products & Services
- Health Education
- TExES Health EC-12 Flashcards