About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering ancient Greece material for the NY Regents Exam will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the history of ancient Greece. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the art, history, literature and philosophy of ancient Greece
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning social science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about the history of ancient Greece for the NY Regents Exam
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra social science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the History of Ancient Greece chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the History of Ancient Greece chapter exam to be prepared for the NY Regents Exam.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about ancient Greece. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an ancient Greece unit of a standard global history and geography course. Topics covered include:
- The Minoans
- Homer's The Iliad and The Odyssey
- Pre-Socratic philosophers
- Herodotus' Persian War and the origins of history
- Slavery in ancient Greece
1. The Minoans
This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.
2. History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing
This lecture follows the development of writing, from the pictographs of proto-cuneiform to the symbolic phonemes of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Then from the abjads of the Phoenecians, Minoans, Hebrews and Arabs to the complete alphabets of the Greeks. It explores the limitations and strengths of each development and draws modern parallels.
3. The Iliad: Greek Epic
This lecture traces the history of Greek epics. It then examines the central themes of 'The Iliad': Xenia, Achilles' wrath, and his quest for immortality. The plot of 'The Iliad' is summarized and attention is drawn to themes from the Sumerian tradition.
4. The Odyssey: Greek Epic
This lecture provides a rough outline of the exploits of Odysseus in Homer's epic poem ''The Odyssey''. You'll learn plot details about this epic poem, in addition to hearing about how this important tale relates to Greek culture and literary works throughout history.
5. Bronze Age Greece: Schliemann's Quest for Troy
This lecture covers the history of Bronze Age Greece, beginning with the discovery of its greatest city, Mycenae, by Heinrich Schliemann, emphasizing that the quest to find these cities was inspired by works of classical literature. It then describes the architecture of Mycenae and some of the relics found there. Finally, the lesson examines the Mycenaean achievement and its place in Western history.
6. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization
This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.
7. Greek Myth and Religion
This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.
8. Greek City-States and Governments
This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.
9. Women of Greece
The Greeks were one of the most progressive ancient civilizations, but that wasn't true in how they treated women. This lesson goes over facts about how women were treated and explains how the best place to be a woman in Greece was Sparta.
10. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
11. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian
This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
12. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics
This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.
13. Phalanx Warfare in Ancient Greece
This lecture compares phalanx warfare to its hit-and-run predecessors, drawing distinctions between hit-and-run skirmishing and decisive warfare. It examines the cultural, political, and geographical features of Greece that made phalanx warfare possible and necessary, and it describes the hoplite gear and mentality.
14. History of Sparta
In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.
15. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War
This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.
16. Slavery in Ancient Greece
This lesson explores slavery in ancient Greece. We examine the various forms slavery took in Greece, comparing Spartan serfdom to Athenian chattel slavery. Finally, we enumerate the duties and rights of Athenian slaves.
17. Greek Temple: Architecture, Construction & Parts
Greek temples were very standardized in appearance, with similar construction methods and styles across all examples. Stylistic elements included pediments, friezes, architraves, columns and cellae.
18. Achilles, the Ancient Greek Hero: Myth & Achilles Heel
One of the greatest warriors of ancient Greece, Achilles fought and died in the Trojan War. Learn about Achilles and his role in the Trojan War and discover his weak spot, the dreaded Achilles heel.
19. Aeschylus: Biography, Plays & Poems
This lesson is about the life and plays of Aeschylus, an Athenian soldier and playwright of the fifth century, and one of the first dramatists known to history.
20. Ajax of Greek Mythology: Story & History
In this lesson, we will learn who Ajax was. Together, we will take a closer look at his history, the myths and his legacy. We will look closely at his role in Homer's Iliad and his epic demise.
21. Archaic Greek Sculpture: Characteristics & Overview
Learn about what makes Greek sculpture from the Archaic period distinctive. Also, learn how it relates to other points in Greek history such as the Greek Dark Ages and the more famous Classical period.
22. Archaic Smile in Ancient Greek Sculpture: Definition & Concept
In this lesson we will learn about the Archaic smile. We will take a closer look at the period in which the Archaic smile is seen in sculptures and the rationales behind what the Archaic smile is thought to have meant.
23. Cronos the God? - Mythology, Overview
Meet Cronos, the father of the Greek gods. Discover how Cronos killed his own father and learn how he tried to avoid the same fate at the hands of his children.
24. King Agamemnon: Mythology & Trojan War
Meet Agamemnon, the leader of the Greek army during the Trojan War. Discover how this arrogant king was humbled by the gods and learn about his death at the hands of his wife and her lover.
25. Selene, the Greek Moon Goddess: Facts & Overview
Meet Selene, the ancient Greek goddess of the moon. Discover the myths the ancient Greeks created to explain the movements of the moon and learn about the love between the lovely moon goddess and a handsome young shepherd boy.
26. Spartan Helot: Definition & Revolt
Meet the Spartan helots. Discover how they became slaves to the Spartans and learn about their lives. Explore the society of the ancient Spartans through the helots and learn about one successful attempt to rebel.
27. The Elysian Fields: Definition & Mythology
This lesson will cover a unique location particular to Greek mythology known as the Elysian Fields. We'll discuss what makes the Elysian Fields unique, as well as how the place is depicted in different myths.
28. The Hellenistic Period: Definition & History
The Hellenistic period was a time when Greek culture spread throughout and influenced Southwest Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean regions. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of Hellenistic society and culture and learn what the term 'Hellenistic' actually means.
29. The Oresteia by Aeschylus: Summary & Themes
Learn about the Aeschylus trilogy of plays called the Oresteia, a story about the Atreides blood-feud after the Trojan War in Greek history. When you're done take the quiz and see what you've learned.
30. The Peloponnesian War: History, Cause & Result
The Peloponnesian War was a protracted conflict amongst the city-states of Classical Greece. The war is largely known for the famous struggle between the two dominant Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta.
31. The Sieve of Eratosthenes: Explanation & Overview
In this lesson we will learn about the Eratosthenes' Sieve, how it works, and why Eratosthenes was significant to ancient science. Then when you're done, you'll be able to test your newfound knowledge with a quiz!
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