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- Examine the history of the Minoans.
- Discuss the history of the alphabet.
- Take a look at Homer's, The Iliad and The Odyssey.
- Explore Bronze Age Greece.
- Understand what led to the collapse of Greek colonization.
- Discuss Greek myth and religion.
- Become familiar with Greek city states and governments.
- Learn about the women of Greece.
- Take a look at Greek art and architecture.
- Examine the origins of philosophy.
- Discuss Phalanx warfare in ancient Greece.
- Understand the history of Sparta.
- Become familiar with Herodotus' Persian Wars.
- Learn about slavery in ancient Greece.
1. The Minoans
This lesson explores Minoan civilization. Beginning with Arthur Evans' discoveries at Knossos, we move on to explore the mysteries of Minoan art and writing, as well as their mysterious decline in the 15th century BCE.
2. History of the Alphabet: From Cuneiform to Greek Writing
This lecture follows the development of writing, from the pictographs of proto-cuneiform to the symbolic phonemes of cuneiform and hieroglyphics. Then from the abjads of the Phoenecians, Minoans, Hebrews and Arabs to the complete alphabets of the Greeks. It explores the limitations and strengths of each development and draws modern parallels.
3. The Iliad: Greek Epic
This lecture traces the history of Greek epics. It then examines the central themes of 'The Iliad': Xenia, Achilles' wrath, and his quest for immortality. The plot of 'The Iliad' is summarized and attention is drawn to themes from the Sumerian tradition.
4. Bronze Age Greece: Schliemann's Quest for Troy
This lecture covers the history of Bronze Age Greece, beginning with the discovery of its greatest city, Mycenae, by Heinrich Schliemann, emphasizing that the quest to find these cities was inspired by works of classical literature. It then describes the architecture of Mycenae and some of the relics found there. Finally, the lesson examines the Mycenaean achievement and its place in Western history.
5. The Odyssey: Greek Epic
This lecture provides a rough outline of the exploits of Odysseus in Homer's epic poem ''The Odyssey''. You'll learn plot details about this epic poem, in addition to hearing about how this important tale relates to Greek culture and literary works throughout history.
6. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization
This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.
7. Greek Myth and Religion
This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.
8. Greek City-States and Governments
This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.
9. Women of Greece
The Greeks were one of the most progressive ancient civilizations, but that wasn't true in how they treated women. This lesson goes over facts about how women were treated and explains how the best place to be a woman in Greece was Sparta.
10. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture
A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.
11. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian
This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
12. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics
This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.
13. Phalanx Warfare in Ancient Greece
This lecture compares phalanx warfare to its hit-and-run predecessors, drawing distinctions between hit-and-run skirmishing and decisive warfare. It examines the cultural, political, and geographical features of Greece that made phalanx warfare possible and necessary, and it describes the hoplite gear and mentality.
14. History of Sparta
In this lesson, you'll examine forces that shaped a Spartan society of elite warriors. We'll also explore the stratified caste system created by Lycurgus.
15. Birth of History: Herodotus' Persian War
This lecture begins with Herodotus' special place in history. It then looks at the miracle at Marathon and seeks to explain how it happened by comparing phalanx warfare to Persian warfare. Following that, we'll run through a brief summary of the rest of the war, with special attention drawn to Greek triremes.
16. Slavery in Ancient Greece
This lesson explores slavery in ancient Greece. We examine the various forms slavery took in Greece, comparing Spartan serfdom to Athenian chattel slavery. Finally, we enumerate the duties and rights of Athenian slaves.
17. Greek Doric Order of Architecture: Definition & Example Buildings & Columns
Explore the first style of Greek stone architecture called the Doric Order and test your understanding about ancient engineering, architectural styles, and Greek temples.
18. Death of Patroclus: Mythology, Overview
The death of Patroclus turned the tide of battle in the Trojan War. The lesson explores the critical moment of the Trojan War and the role Patroclus played in the Greek victory over Troy.
19. Greek Polis: Definition & Facts
Discover the ancient Greek polis, a term used to describe small communities of ancient Greeks that were among the first recorded democracies in the world. Learn about the Athenian polis and explore the legacy of these ancient Greek communities.
20. Herodotus: Biography, Books & History
This lesson discusses the life and work of Herodotus. Learn more about the Ancient Greek who is considered the Father of History, then test your knowledge with a quiz.
21. Hippolytus: Analysis & Summary
In this lesson we explore the Greek tragedy, 'Hippolytus.' Through the play about unrequited love, we gain a better understanding of Greek attitudes toward women.
22. Inanna Goddess: Descent, Myth & Summary
Learn about Inanna, Sumerian goddess of love, war, wisdom, and fertility and the patron goddess of the city-state Uruk. Inanna was the powerful goddess in Sumerian mythology.
23. Roman Plebs: Definition & Overview
Learn about the Roman plebeians, their position in Roman society, and how their status improved as Rome's laws matured during the Early Republic. Then, take a quiz to test your knowledge.
24. Satyr Play: Definition & Overview
Learn about the satyr, a tragi-comedy play that the ancient Greeks invented along with the comedy and tragedy in honor of Dionysius' companions the satyrs.
25. Tartarus of Greek Mythology: Definition & Explanation
In this lesson we explore the mythological pit of Tartarus. An ancient prison far below even the underworld, Tartarus was populated by the worst deities the immortal world had to offer.
26. The Ancient Gauls: History & Explanation
This lesson will be an overview of the Ancient Gauls from the fifth century B.C.E. until their eventual conquest by the Roman Republic in the first century B.C.E.
27. The Ancient Roman Calendar: History, Months & Saints
In this lesson, you will learn how the calendar of the ancient Romans worked, how it evolved as a part of Roman politics and culture, and how to navigate some of its unfamiliar and counter-intuitive aspects.
28. The Bacchae by Euripides: Summary, Themes & Analysis
Learn all about The Bacchae, written by Euripides and one of the greatest dramas ever composed. When you're finished, take the quiz and see what you've learned.
29. The Greek Goddess Artemis: Mythology & Facts
In this lesson we explore the Greek goddess Artemis, goddess of the forest, the hunt, and nearly all aspects of female life. Discovering Artemis in Greek myth can help us learn more about the Greek world view.
30. Who was Odysseus? - Story, Adventures & Travels
Odysseus is most famous for his wandering adventures after the events of the Trojan War. This lesson explores his role in defeating the Trojans and his 10-year voyage home. The tale includes battling Cyclops, sea monsters and visiting the land of the dead.
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