About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering ancient Near East material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the history of the ancient Near East. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding the Egyptian, Hebrew or Sumerian cultures of the ancient Near East
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning history (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about the ancient Near East
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra history learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the History of the Ancient Near East chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the History of the Ancient Near East chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about the ancient Near East. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in an ancient Near East unit of a standard global history and geography course. Topics covered include:
- The Stone, Bronze and Iron ages
- The fertile crescent
- Hammurabi's Code
- Hebrew tribes and beliefs
- The Mesopotamian kings
1. The Invention of Writing
Writing, the original IT: This lecture covers the limitations and obstacles of aural transmission. It describes the invention of Cuneiform in the fertile crescent. Finally, it explains how writing enabled literate societies to dominate their pre-literate neighbors.
2. The History of Money and Rise of Complex Economies
This lecture covers the development of money in response to the needs of complex economies. It begins with a discussion of gift economies. It then examines the factors that led to the growth of commodity economies. Find out how we came to use money, rather than goods, for commerce.
3. How Religion Developed in the Stone Age and Bronze Age
Have you ever wondered exactly how religion developed in the ancient world? Check out this lesson to see how the impact of cities, writing and invasion upon religion, the ascent of the sky father and the descent of the mother goddess contributed to the development of religion.
4. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization
Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.
5. Sumerian Art and Architecture
This lesson explores the artwork of one of the earliest civilizations: the Sumerians. Sumerians created beautiful works of art that inspired other cultures for centuries after their decline.
6. The Epic of Gilgamesh
Witness the Epic of Gilgamesh, a story of adventure, love and friendship. This long poem will help us examine the hallmarks of civilization for a Sumerian and the importance of dreams. We'll also cover the Sumerian contributions to the epic form of literature.
7. Heirs of the Sumerians: Babylonians, Hittites, Hurrians and Assyrians
This lecture covers the history of Mesopotamia from the disintegration of the Sumerian Empire to the great Bronze Age collapse. We'll explore the destructive force of the Elamites and the Hittites as well as the imperial ambitions of the Babylonians, the Mittani and the Assyrians.
8. Assyrian Art and Architecture
This lesson explores the unique characteristics of a fierce and violent culture: the Assyrians. The Assyrians were a warrior culture living in ancient Mesopotamia who used art and architecture to display their power.
9. Hammurabi's Code: The Advent of Law, Prerequisites and Implications
This lecture discusses the need for law and the benefits of a judicial system. Next, it reviews the history of early law codes, like those of Ur-Nammu and Hammurabi. Finally, we look at the implications of law for kings.
10. What's the Difference Between Polytheism and Monotheism?
This lecture discusses the origins of monotheism. It then compares monotheism to polytheism, with especial emphasis on the problematic nature of holy law. Finally it uses the Greek story of Hippolytus to compare the ancient polytheistic perspective to a modern christian perspective.
11. The Hebrews and Their Beliefs
This lesson covers the Hebrews and their beliefs. We look at the core tenets of Judaism and explore some of the stories from the Torah. Finally, we see how the Hebrews' history of oppression impacted their religion and the world today.
12. Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age
This lecture first compares the natural features of the Nile valley to those of Mesopotamia, enumerating the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians. This is followed by a brief discussion of why Egyptian material culture survives while so much of Mesopotamian culture has been lost. The lecture ends with a a whirlwind tour through 3,000 years of Egyptian history broken up into traditional historical periods.
13. Ancient Egyptian Art: History and Style
This lesson provides a brief look at the exquisite art of the Ancient Egyptians. Egyptian art contains images of people and deities that represent the culture in which they lived.
14. Ancient Egyptian Architecture: History, Characteristics & Influences
This lesson explores the architectural wonders of ancient Egypt. Some of these structures include temples, pyramids and monumental statues constructed long ago and surviving into modern times.
15. Iron vs. Bronze: History of Metallurgy
This lecture explores the transition from the bronze age to the iron age. The difficulties of working with iron are enumerated. The properties of iron and steel are compared to those of bronze. Finally the implications for this transition on civilization are considered.
16. Iron Age Empires: Neo-Babylonian, Neo-Assyrian and Persian Empires
This lesson is a survey of the three empires that emerged after the Bronze Age collapse. Parts of the survey are viewed from the perspective of the Israelites, who found themselves the playthings of powerful empires. The lecture focuses on a few specific rulers and their impact on their empires. It also traces patterns of imperial tactics throughout this period and region.
17. Ancient Persian Art and Architecture: History & Style
This lesson explores the artwork of one of the most powerful and expansive empires in history: the Persian Empire. Persian artwork contained vivid imagery that recorded the success of the Persian kings in battle and their cultural tendencies.
18. Zoroastrianism: Definition, Beliefs & History
Major religions, like Christianity and Islam, have been popular since ancient times, but what religion was popular before these belief systems developed? This lesson explores the beliefs of Zoroastrians, one of the earliest forms of organized religion.
19. Cult of Mithras: Myth & History
The Cult of Mithras was a mysterious religion popular in Rome in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th centuries. This lesson explores the secretive beliefs, practices, and history of the cult and its initiates.
20. Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion
Ancient Mesopotamia was a land of chaotic weather and inner turmoil. Religion became a political weapon for fighting among the city-states. This lesson explores the link between religion and politics in the ancient land.
21. Cyrus the Great: Facts & Accomplishments
Learn about Cyrus the Great, the first king of the Persian Empire. Explore the world and accomplishments of Cyrus, one of the most benevolent conquerors in the Ancient world. After the lesson, test yourself with a quiz.
22. Horus, Egyptian God: Myth & Concept
In this lesson we explore the Egyptian god of the sky, Horus. We discover the myths surrounding his birth and life, leading to his incredible popularity in ancient Egyptian society.
23. King Saul of Israel: History & Timeline
Saul was the first king of Israel. Chosen to unite the tribes and provide protection and guidance to the nation, he was often overmatched by the circumstances and personalities surrounding him. After losing God's blessing and failing to establish a stable dynasty, he died in battle against Israel's enemies.
24. Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: Definition & Timeline
In this lesson we explore the Middle Kingdom period of ancient Egypt. Covering approximately 400 years from 2040 B.C. to about 1640 B.C., the Middle Kingdom period was Egypt reunited for the first time since the Old Kingdom period.
25. Naram Sin: Victory Stele & Concept
In this lesson we explore the Akkadian king Naram-Sin, and the victory stele erected in honor of one of his military victories. The stele provides insight into ancient Akkadian views of royalty.
26. Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: Timeline & Facts
The Old Kingdom, from ca. 2649-2150 BCE, saw Ancient Egypt ruled by a strong, centralized government. The pyramids at Giza, built during the Old Kingdom, are a visible indicator of the strength of the pharaoh. This lesson offers a timeline and major cultural developments of Old Kingdom history.
27. Parthians: History & Explanation
This lesson centers on the Parthian Empire. As the Parthians rose to become a major world power, they became a contender against the Roman Empire for control.
28. Sargon of Akkad: Definition & Facts
In this lesson, we will explore the culture and history of the ancient Akkadians. We will also examine the first empire in history created by the Akkadian ruler Sargon of Akkad, or Sargon the Great.
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