About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help learning or mastering High Middle Ages material for the NY Regents Exam will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the High Middle Ages. Among those who would benefit are:
- Students who have fallen behind in understanding Western culture during the High Middle Ages
- Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
- Students who prefer multiple ways of learning social science (visual or auditory)
- Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
- Students who need an efficient way to learn about the High Middle Ages for the NY Regents Exam
- Students who struggle to understand their teachers
- Students who attend schools without extra social science learning resources
How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the High Middle Ages chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use the High Middle Ages chapter exam to be prepared for the NY Regents Exam.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any question about the High Middle Ages. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
This chapter helps students review the concepts in a High Middle Ages unit of a standard global history and geography course. Topics covered include:
- The Magna Carta
- The Constitution of Clarendon
- The Charter of the Forest
- The Provisions of Oxford
- Religious and political power struggles
- Gothic architecture, sculpture and painting
1. Heresies and Inquisitions in the High Middle Ages
During the Middle Ages the term heresy referred to religious beliefs that were in disagreement with an established Christian doctrine. This lesson explores the often violent results of the growing popularity of heretical beliefs in the High Middle Ages.
2. Mendicants: St. Francis and Church Reforms
Catholicism spread throughout Europe in the Middle Ages. In response to growing power and separation from urban middle-class citizens, mendicants lived in poverty and reached out to the poor. This lesson explores the orders formed by the mendicants.
3. The Spread of Ancient Knowledge and Its Impact on the Church
Classical knowledge comes from ancient cultures like the Greeks and Romans. When Christians fought in the Crusades, they discovered some of these texts. This lesson explores the impact of classical learning on the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages.
4. The Rise of Universities and Displacement of Monasteries
Before the Middle Ages, education was the responsibility of the Church. As the need for education spread to those who were not clergy, monasteries could no longer meet the needs of education. This lesson explores the decline of monastic education and the rise of the university.
5. The Magna Carta & The Constitutions of Clarendon: Definition & Significance
In the High Middle Ages, rulers fought for supreme power. This lesson explores two of the earliest documents to limit power of an authority figure, whether it was the pope or a king.
6. Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford: Definition & Significance
In the High Middle Ages several charters were created that limited the authority of ruling powers. This lesson explores two of these charters, both of which limited the authority of the king of England.
7. Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & History
This lesson covers the three main features of Gothic architecture: the pointed arch, the rib vault and the flying buttress. We then look at a slideshow of examples of the Gothic style around Europe.
8. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style
In this lesson, we cover the development of Gothic architectural decoration, specifically decorative sculpture and stained glass windows. You'll learn about Gothic use of stained glass and the evolution of sculpture from Romanesque decoration to Gothic statues.
9. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics
This lesson follows the development of two trends in Gothic painting: realism and perspective. We explore the origins of these movements in Italian Gothic masters, like Duccio, Giotto and the Lorenzetti Brothers, and their later expression in Northern European illuminations.
10. Thomas Aquinas' Influence on the Catholic Church
St. Thomas Aquinas was perhaps the most important figure of the Catholic Church during the Middle Ages. This lesson examines what he did to help protect the Church against a rebirth of critical thinking by using critical thinking to defend the Church.
11. The Invention and Impact of Mechanical Clocks
Timekeeping has been a part of society since Ancient Egypt. This lesson briefly explores the history of clocks and the impact of the mechanical clock on medieval society.
12. Frederick II: King and Emperor
Fredrick II was responsible for gaining control of many lands in Germany and Italy under the Holy Roman Empire. This lesson explores the background of the story and Frederick's accomplishments.
13. Mongolians and Their Contributions to Western Civilization
This lesson covers the contributions of the Mongols to Western civilization. We begin by examining the tale of Marco Polo. Next, we look at some common misconceptions about the Mongols. Finally, we enumerate the many technologies brought to Europe by this group.
14. Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages
Medieval guilds provided standards for production and protected their members from oppression. This lesson explores why guilds developed in the High Middle Ages.
15. Middle Age Royals of England and France
The life of a High Middle Ages's king was filled with conflict. This lesson explores some of the major kings of England and France and their relations with each other and their powerful nobles.
16. Power Struggles of the Holy Roman Empire: Popes vs. Emperors
The High Middle Ages was characterized by constant struggles for power. This lesson explores fighting between the papacy, Germany, and Italy for authority over the Holy Roman Empire.
17. The Daily Life of English Peasants
Peasants of the Middle Age faced a very harsh life. This lesson explores the typical lifestyle for an English peasant in the 11th through 13th centuries, including the daily tasks they performed.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the NY Regents Exam - Global History and Geography: Help and Review course
- NY Regents - Major Belief Systems of the World: Help and Review
- NY Regents - Prehistory: Help and Review
- NY Regents - History of the Ancient Near East: Help and Review
- NY Regents - History of Ancient Greece: Help and Review
- NY Regents - Hellenism and the Athenian Achievement: Help and Review
- NY Regents - The Rise of the Roman Republic: Help and Review
- NY Regents - The Fall of the Roman Empire: Help and Review
- NY Regents - The Dark Ages: Help and Review
- NY Regents - The Early Middle Ages: Help and Review
- NY Regents - The Medieval Warm Period: Help and Review
- NY Regents - The Late Middle Ages: Help and Review
- NY Regents - The Renaissance: Help and Review
- NY Regents - The Age of Exploration: Help and Review
- NY Regents - The Reformation: Help and Review
- NY Regents - The Elizabethan Era: Help and Review
- NY Regents - Colonialism: Help and Review
- Constitutionalism and Absolutism: Help and Review
- Eastern European Power Shifts (1648-1740): Help & Review
- 18th Century Empire and Expansion: Help and Review
- The Enlightenment & Scientific Revolution: Regents Help & Review
- The French Revolution & Napoleon: Help & Review
- NY Regents - Industrialization (1700-1900): Help and Review
- NY Regents - Political Developments (1760-1848): Help and Review
- NY Regents - The Age of Nationalism (1850-1914): Help and Review
- NY Regents - World War I (1914-1919): Help and Review
- NY Regents - Between the World Wars (1919-1939): Help and Review
- NY Regents - World War II (1939-1945): Help and Review
- NY Regents - Influence of Globalization: Help and Review
- NY Regents Exam - Global History and Geography Help and Review Flashcards