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- Discuss the heresies and inquisitions of the High Middle Ages.
- Describe the Church reforms that occurred during the mendicant movements.
- Explain how the spread of ancient knowledge impacted the Church.
- Understand how the rise of universities led to the displacement of monasteries.
- Learn the significance of the Magna Carta and the Constitution of Clarendon.
- Discuss the significance of the Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford.
- Describe the style and characteristics of Gothic architecture, sculpture and paintings.
- Explain how Thomas Aquinas saved faith from reason.
- Learn about the reign of Frederick II.
- Examine the history of clocks.
- Understand how the Mongolians contributed to Western civilization.
- Describe the economies of the High Middle Ages.
- Learn about the royalty in England and France during the Middle Ages.
- Discuss the power struggles between the popes and emperors in the Holy Roman Empire.
- Understand what daily life was like for English peasants.
1. Heresies and Inquisitions in the High Middle Ages
In the High Middle Ages, people questioned the Church's role in their lives, which led to accusations of heresy and retaliating inquisitions. Discover this transformative period in Europe, delving into heresy, the Church's power, the Cathars, and inquisition.
2. Mendicants: St. Francis and Church Reforms
Mendicants were monks who actively attempted to emulate the life path of Jesus by living without any possessions. Learn more about their lifestyle, as well as the spread of Christianity through out Europe by the clergy.
3. The Spread of Ancient Knowledge and Its Impact on the Church
During the Crusades, the High Middle Ages went through a period of rediscovery of ancient knowledge. In this lesson, explore the impact that this spread of classical knowledge and classical learning had on the church.
4. The Rise of Universities and Displacement of Monasteries
Before the High Middle Ages, monasteries throughout Europe were educational centers. Explore monasticism in the High Middle Ages, the impact of the Crusades, the growth of education, and the birth of the university to understand how universities replaced monasteries as educational centers.
5. The Magna Carta & The Constitutions of Clarendon: Definition & Significance
King Henry II created the Constitutions of Clarendon to give himself more power, which led to the creation of the Magna Carta. Discover the lasting impact of these documents by considering the rule of King Henry II and the definition and significance of each document.
6. Charter of the Forest and the Provisions of Oxford: Definition & Significance
The Charter of Forest and the Provisions of Oxford was created to supplement the Magna Carta to address property rights of nobles. Study the definition and significance of the Charter of the Forest, the Provisions of Oxford, and the High Middle Ages.
7. Gothic Architecture: Style, Characteristics & History
Around 1137, Abbot Suger designed the first Gothic Cathedral, leading to the replacement of Romanesque architecture around Europe. Learn about Suger's Gothic cathedral history, style, characteristics, and examples of Gothic architecture.
8. Gothic Sculpture and Stained Glass Windows: Characteristics & Style
With the completion of Gothic cathedrals came the need for suitable decorative art. Explore the style and characteristics of Gothic sculpture and stained-glass windows, including a focus on order, realism, and sculpture in the round.
9. Gothic Painting: Style & Characteristics
The style of Gothic painting would diverge between northern and southern European artists. Explore the style and characteristics of Gothic painting in Italy and in Northern Europe and learn how both showed early attempts at perspective.
10. Thomas Aquinas' Influence on the Catholic Church
Thomas Aquinas was a Catholic priest who lived in 13th-century Italy. Explore his influence on the Catholic Church, starting from its dire state, Aquinas' solution, and the legacy left behind after his death.
11. Frederick II: King and Emperor
Frederick II was a powerful Emperor in the Holy Roman Empire who famously instated local governments in Germany and Italy until his death in 1250. Follow the political background Frederick II was placed into, and learn about his actions as a leader in the investiture controversy and in the crusades.
12. The Invention and Impact of Mechanical Clocks
Mechanical clocks did not become available for timekeeping until the 14th century. Explore the history of timekeeping, timekeeping in the Middle Ages, the clock's impact on society, and timekeeping after the Middle Ages to understand the concept of time historically and how mechanical clocks changed this.
13. Mongolians and Their Contributions to Western Civilization
It was the Mongolians and their innovative nature that contributed Asian culture, medicine and technology to Europe and the ensuing West. Learn more about the contributions that the Mongolians made to history and culture and it's importance.
14. Guilds in Western Culture and Economies in the High Middle Ages
As Merchant guilds were created to protect workers and regulate trade they began to take advantage of individual craftsmen. Learn more about guilds in Western culture, economies in the high middle ages and their importance.
15. Middle Age Royals of England and France
The High Middle Ages between the 11th and 13th centuries saw a series of wars fought over land between England and France. Explore how such conflicts were influenced by the deaths of kings prompting changes in royal leadership in France and England, the effects of the Crusades, the rise and fall of the Capetian kings, and the adoption of England's Magna Carta.
16. Power Struggles of the Holy Roman Empire: Popes vs. Emperors
The High Middles Ages were defined by a constant struggle for power between the Holy Roman Empire and European monarchs, most notably a succession of German kings. Learn about the power struggles of popes versus emperors as Christianity swept across Europe between the 11th and 13th centuries.
17. The Daily Life of English Peasants
During the High Middle Ages, the unfair labor division and the high tax rate of the feudal system made life for English peasants extremely challenging. Discover more about the obligations, home life, and daily schedule of the English peasant.
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