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- Discuss the decline of Latin and the rise of the vernacular.
- Describe the beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church before the Reformation.
- Explain how Martin Luther's 95 Theses led to the birth of the Protestant Reformation.
- Take a look at the art of the Protestant Reformation.
- Understand how the Reformation led to the Peasant Wars in Germany.
- Examine how the Protestant Reformation spread across Europe.
- Learn how the teachings of Calvin and Zwingli influenced religious reform in Switzerland.
- Explore the French Wars of Religion.
- Discuss Henry VIII and his six wives.
- Understand how Henry VIII founded the Anglican Church.
- Learn about the Sack of Rome.
- Take a look at how Tycho Brahe and Copernicus challenged views of the known universe.
- Discuss Ivan the Terrible's leadership in Russia.
- Understand how the Council of Trent allowed the Catholic Church to survive the Reformation.
- Explain how Protestants influenced society following the Reformation.
- Describe the changes in religious beliefs that occurred following the Reformation.
1. The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin
This lesson explains how Latin was widespread in Europe during the Roman Empire as well as how vernacular languages slowly replaced it. It also reviews how the Romance languages developed.
2. The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices
In 1500 C.E. the Roman Catholic Church was a very powerful institution in the West. Watch this video to learn how the Church maintained its power by teaching that salvation could only be earned by those who received the sacraments and performed good works.
3. Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation
This lesson covers the start of the Protestant Reformation. It begins by comparing the vast array and peacefulness of Christian denominations in modern days to the limited choices and violence of the past. Then it goes into the story of Martin Luther, from his 95 Theses through the Diet of Worms up to the beginning of the German Peasant Revolt.
4. Art in the Protestant Reformation: Albrecht Durer & Northern European Artists
The Protestant Reformation introduced some pretty substantial changes into European society. In this lesson, we'll be talking about some of the impacts it had on the art of Northern Europe.
5. The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe
In the 16th century, Martin Luther inspired people to believe that the Catholic Church shouldn't hold authority over laypeople. This lesson explores the spread of these Protestant ideas throughout Europe.
6. The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars
The Reformation was a time when Christianity was split into Catholicism and Protestantism. This lesson explores the major changes brought about by the Reformation in Germany in the 16th century.
7. Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation resulted in many people splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the effect of the Reformation in Switzerland under the leadership of Zwingli and Calvin.
8. The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots
The Protestant Reformation was so popular and controversial in Europe that it sometimes led to war. This lesson explores the violent effect of the Reformation in France as war erupted between the Catholics and the Protestants.
9. The Six Wives of Henry VIII: Facts and History
There's an old rhyme to help you remember Henry VIII's wives: 'divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived.' Follow along as this lesson covers King Henry VIII's quest to produce a male heir and the acts of succession that followed.
10. Henry VIII: The Anglican Church
This lesson covers the various steps Henry VIII took in breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. You'll learn how Henry managed to get what he wanted by going through legal means and playing off of others who also had problems with the Church.
11. Mercenaries and the Sack of Rome
Politics led Charles de Bourbon, a rich French Duke, to flee his country to fight for his cousin, the Holy Roman Emperor. This lesson explains how financing and the use of mercenaries by Bourbon led to the sack of Rome in 1527.
12. Tycho Brahe and Copernicus Take On the Known Universe
Astronomy according to Ptolemy was the popular theory until Copernicus turned it on its head. This lesson explores the theories of Copernicus and Brahe and how the two changed astronomical study.
13. Ivan the Terrible and the Making of Russia
Ivan the Terrible was a great but violent leader. Despite his intelligence, he was prone to violent outbursts. This lesson explores his life and the effects of his reign on Russia.
14. The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation was a movement of Christians who disagreed with some of the teachings and actions of the Catholic Church. This article explores the effect of the Reformation on the Church.
15. Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society
The Protestant Reformation was a huge movement that led to many Christians splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the after effects on families, education and social life.
16. The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation
The Protestant Reformation and Counter-Reformation challenged the beliefs of the Catholic Church. This lesson explores some of the differing beliefs among Protestant and Catholic reformers.
17. Queen Catherine Howard: Facts & Execution
Queen for a mere 18 months, Catherine Howard was the fifth wife of King Henry VIII. In this lesson, read about Catherine's early life, marriage to Henry, and execution.
18. The Spanish Armada: History, Facts & Timeline
Explore the creation, intent, and impact of the Spanish Armada and test your understanding about the Spanish Empire, Tudor England, and privateering in the Atlantic.
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