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Ch 5: NYSTCE Biology: Cell Biology

About This Chapter

Use the lessons and quizzes in this chapter to refresh your understanding of cell structure and how cells work. We offer a variety of tools to help you prepare for these types of questions on the NYSTCE Biology exam.

NYSTCE Biology: Cell Biology - Chapter Summary

Let us help you review your knowledge of the structure of cells and their function as you study for the NYSTCE Biology exam. These lively video lessons can help you answer exam questions on topics including:

  • Mitochondria structure
  • The nucleus
  • The fluid mosaic model of a cell membrane
  • Active and passive transport
  • Endocytosis and exocytosis
  • Structure and function of the ribosome
  • Components of the endomembrane system
  • Microtubules and microfilaments of the cytoskeleton

These video lessons are brief, averaging about five minutes each, and taught by instructors who understand what success on the exam requires. You can even ask them questions through our message board feature. Each video includes a timeline with links that allow you to quickly pop back to the lesson to review specific passages.

NYSTCE Biology: Cell Biology - Chapter Objectives

New York State requires passing the NYSTCE Biology exam as one of the conditions for certification to teach the subject. The exam is divided into seven subareas. Six of the subareas contain a total of 90 multiple-choice questions, while the seventh subarea is made up of a short writing assignment. Questions on the material covered in this Cell Biology chapter are in Subarea II, Cell Biology and Biochemistry. This subarea accounts for 17% of the test's content.

The quizzes that accompany our lessons consist of multiple-choice questions, so completing them will show you the format you'll encounter when you take the exam. They also offer a chance to assess your learning and see where you need extra study.

10 Lessons in Chapter 5: NYSTCE Biology: Cell Biology
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Cell: Structure & Function

1. The Cell: Structure & Function

The cell is a small, but complex structure. Take a look inside the outer plasma membrane of a cell and discover the functions of some common cellular components, including the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus and mitochondria, in this lesson.

Mitochondria Structure: Cristae, Matrix and Inner & Outer Membrane

2. Mitochondria Structure: Cristae, Matrix and Inner & Outer Membrane

If you want to make it through the day, you're going to need some energy. In this lesson, we'll learn about the organelle that supplies this energy, the mitochondrion, and why this cell structure appreciates the time you took to eat breakfast this morning!

Structure of the Nucleus: Nucleolus, Nuclear Membrane, and Nuclear Pores

3. Structure of the Nucleus: Nucleolus, Nuclear Membrane, and Nuclear Pores

In this lesson, we'll discuss the organization and importance of the nucleus in your cells. This is the membrane-bound structure responsible for containing all the genetic material essential to making you who you are.

The Fluid Mosaic Model of the Cell Membrane

4. The Fluid Mosaic Model of the Cell Membrane

In this lesson, we will discuss the components of the cell membrane and why the fluid mosaic model paints the best picture of its structure. We'll learn about the roles of the phospholipid bilayer, cholesterol, proteins and carbohydrates.

How a Phospholipid Bilayer Is Both Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic

5. How a Phospholipid Bilayer Is Both Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic

In this lesson, we will learn what gives phospholipids a dual personality. How can this molecule be both hydrophobic and hydrophilic, and why is this important to a cell?

Active & Passive Transport in Cells

6. Active & Passive Transport in Cells

Every second of every day, your cells are restocked with vital nutrients while getting rid of waste products. How does all this go on, you ask? Find out in this lesson on active and passive transport in cells.

Endocytosis and Exocytosis Across the Cell Membrane

7. Endocytosis and Exocytosis Across the Cell Membrane

In this lesson, we'll discover how some cells can eat, drink, and digest their dinner through the process of endocytosis and a structure called the lysosome. In addition, we'll learn how a cell can throw out the leftovers across the cell membrane during exocytosis.

The Ribosome: Structure, Function and Location

8. The Ribosome: Structure, Function and Location

The ribosome is the cellular structure responsible for decoding your DNA. In this lesson, we'll learn about ribosome structure, function and location - characteristics that make it a very good genetic translator.

The Endomembrane System: Functions & Components

9. The Endomembrane System: Functions & Components

In this lesson, we'll learn about the endomembrane system, which consists of the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus. This system is important in making, packaging, and shipping all sorts of goodies for the cell to use!

The Cytoskeleton: Microtubules and Microfilaments

10. The Cytoskeleton: Microtubules and Microfilaments

In this lesson, we'll learn about the cytoskeleton of your cells. This network of microtubules, intermediate filaments, and microfilaments helps different types of cells maintain a unique set of characteristics, including shape and movement.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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