About This Chapter
NYSTCE Biology: Inorganic Chemistry - Chapter Summary
This chapter covers the essential information about inorganic chemistry that you'll need to know for the NYSTCE Biology exam. These short video lessons will get you up to speed on topics like elements, acids and bases, redox reactions and more! By the end of the chapter, you will also have covered the following inorganic chemistry topics:
- Atoms and the electron shell
- Chemical bonds
- Properties of water
- Solutions and solvents
- The laws of thermodynamics
- Writing and balancing chemical reactions
- Weak bases and acids
The chapter topics are broken down into short video lessons that last between five and ten minutes. Use the lesson transcripts and printable worksheets to help you review, then test your knowledge with lesson quizzes and the chapter exam.
NYSTCE Biology: Inorganic Chemistry Chapter Objectives
This chapter will help you study for inorganic chemistry questions on the NYSTCE Biology exam. This exam is part of the certification process for potential biology teachers in New York State. The exam is taken electronically, and consists of ninety selected-response questions and one constructed-response question.
Use the resources in this study guide to help you answer questions in the cell biology and biochemistry subarea of the exam, which makes up about 17% of the total exam. Among other topics, questions in this portion of the exam will measure your ability to use chemistry and biochemistry principles to analyze the roles of compounds and elements in organisms. For example, you may be asked how covalent, hydrogen and ionic bonds form or break apart, how pH chemistry works within biological systems and the properties of water, and how these properties support living organisms.
1. What Are Elements?
Look around you. What do you see? Elements are everywhere. They are the building blocks of all matter on Earth. In this lesson, we will discuss what an element is, how elements are written as symbols, and how elements are the building blocks of all matter.
2. The Foundational Elements of Life
Living things are complex products of their environments. They are made of a number of different natural elements, many of which are essential to survival. Because of this, they are considered foundational elements and they support life on Earth as we know it.
3. The Atom
Tune into this lesson to find out what matters about matter. What exactly is an atom? And, how do the atoms that make up the elements in the periodic table differ from one another?
4. The Electron Shell
You may be familiar with the role of electrons in electrical devices, but did you know that electrons also determine the chemical reactivity of everything around you?
5. Overview of Chemical Bonds
Learn about the most common kinds of chemical bonds: ionic, covalent, polar covalent, and metallic. Discover how they form and why they hold together. Take a quiz and see how much knowledge you've held onto.
6. Properties of Water
Why does ice float? Why can water rise on its own against gravity in a small tube? Find out how these mysterious properties of water can be explained by hydrogen bonds.
7. Solutions, Solutes, and Solvents
Oh no! Your friend Ben just drank chili oil on a dare, and now his mouth is burning. Should he drink the ice water or vegetable oil to cool his mouth? Quick. Watch this lesson if you aren't sure.
8. Osmosis, Diffusion and Saturation
The cells in our bodies are in constant flux through the processes of osmosis and diffusion. Learn about how saturation levels force change, and why we're lucky they do.
9. Acids and Bases
Have you ever wondered how we measure the acidity of liquids? Check out this lesson to see how acids and bases are measured on a pH scale and how they relate to neutral solutions, such as water.
10. The Laws of Thermodynamics
Learn about the first and second laws of thermodynamics. Find out how energy is generated, how it converts from one form to another, and what happens to energy in a closed system.
11. Redox (Oxidation-Reduction) Reactions: Definitions and Examples
This short video will explain oxidation-reduction reactions, or redox reactions for short. The focus is on how electrons are transferred during redox reactions. Learn some neat mnemonic devices to help you remember when an atom is oxidizing or reducing.
12. Chemical Reactions and Balancing Chemical Equations
In this lesson, you'll learn how to balance a chemical reaction equation using the conservation of matter law. You'll also learn how to write both word and formula equations, what the subscripts after a letter mean and what the numbers in front of compounds mean.
13. Basic Properties of Chemical Reactions
Learn how about the various components of a chemical reaction, and how those components function. Use this lesson to understand the basic properties of different kinds of chemical reactions.
14. Weak Acids, Weak Bases, and Buffers
This lesson covers both strong and weak acids and bases, using human blood as an example for the discussion. Other concepts discussed included conjugate acids and bases, the acidity constant, and buffer systems within the blood.
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Other chapters within the NYSTCE Biology (006): Practice and Study Guide course
- NYSTCE Biology: Scientific Inquiry
- NYSTCE Biology: Research Methods
- NYSTCE Biology: Measurement & Observation
- NYSTCE Biology: Laboratory Basics
- NYSTCE Biology: Cell Biology
- NYSTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Cells
- NYSTCE Biology: Cell Communication
- NYSTCE Biology: Organic Compounds
- NYSTCE Biology: Nucleic Acids
- NYSTCE Biology: Enzymes
- NYSTCE Biology: Metabolic Biochemistry
- NYSTCE Biology: Plant Cells
- NYSTCE Biology: DNA Replication
- NYSTCE Biology: Transcription & Translation Process
- NYSTCE Biology: Genetic Engineering & Cloning
- NYSTCE Biology: Cell Cycle & Division
- NYSTCE Biology: Classical, Molecular & Population Genetics
- NYSTCE Biology: Genetic Mutations
- NYSTCE Biology: The Origin of Life on Earth
- NYSTCE Biology: Evolution
- NYSTCE Biology: Protists, Fungi & Viruses
- NYSTCE Biology: Plant Biology
- NYSTCE Biology: Plant Reproduction & Growth
- NYSTCE Biology: Animals & Evolution
- NYSTCE Biology: Social Behavior of Animals
- NYSTCE Biology: Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory & Musculoskeletal Systems
- NYSTCE Biology: Nervous, Immune & Endocrine Systems
- NYSTCE Biology: Reproduction & Development
- NYSTCE Biology: Human Reproductive Systems
- NYSTCE Biology: Ecological Principles & Processes
- NYSTCE Biology Flashcards