About This Chapter
NYSTCE Biology: Nucleic Acids - Chapter Summary
When studying for the NYSTCE Biology assessment, it's good to get familiar with the topics you may already know but haven't explored in some time. The lessons in this chapter help you revisit nucleic acids so you're ready to address the following on the exam:
- Understanding the chemical structure of nucleic acids and phosphodiester bonds
- Analyzing guanine, adenine, cytosine, thymine and complementary base pairing
- Describing double helix structure and hereditary molecule
- Examining the differences between RNA and DNA and types of RNA
Instructors present materials in a high-quality visual format that makes learning fun. You can access video transcripts to ensure you fully comprehend the materials as you prepare to take the exam.
NYSTCE Biology: Nucleic Acids Chapter Objectives
The topics covered in this NYSTCE Biology: Nucleic Acids chapter are found in the cell biology and biochemistry subarea of the exam, which constitutes approximately 17% of the total test. Enhance your knowledge of this subarea by taking self-assessment quizzes and a chapter exam that test your comprehension of the lessons. You can also contact an expert tutor with any questions you have about lesson topics.
The exam is required for New York State educators who want to teach biology in the classroom and add this content specialty to their teaching certificates. The exam consists of 90 selected-response questions and 1 constructed-response question. Passing the exam requires a score of 220.
1. DNA: Chemical Structure of Nucleic Acids & Phosphodiester Bonds
In this lesson, you'll discover what nucleotides look like and how they come together to form polynucleotides. We'll also explore nucleic acids and focus on DNA in particular.
2. DNA: Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine & Complementary Base Pairing
Learn the language of nucleotides as we look at the nitrogenous bases adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine. Armed with this knowledge, you'll also see why DNA strands must run in opposite directions.
3. DNA: Discovery, Facts, Structure & Function in Heredity
This lesson will help you to navigate the twists and turns of DNA's structure. We'll also clue you in on the amazing discoveries that put this nucleic acid in the limelight as the molecule of heredity.
4. Differences Between RNA and DNA & Types of RNA (mRNA, tRNA & rRNA)
In this lesson, you'll explore RNA structure and learn the central dogma of molecular biology. Along the way, you'll meet the three types of RNA and see how the cell uses them most effectively.
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Other chapters within the NYSTCE Biology (006): Practice and Study Guide course
- NYSTCE Biology: Scientific Inquiry
- NYSTCE Biology: Research Methods
- NYSTCE Biology: Measurement & Observation
- NYSTCE Biology: Laboratory Basics
- NYSTCE Biology: Cell Biology
- NYSTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Cells
- NYSTCE Biology: Cell Communication
- NYSTCE Biology: Inorganic Chemistry
- NYSTCE Biology: Organic Compounds
- NYSTCE Biology: Enzymes
- NYSTCE Biology: Metabolic Biochemistry
- NYSTCE Biology: Plant Cells
- NYSTCE Biology: DNA Replication
- NYSTCE Biology: Transcription & Translation Process
- NYSTCE Biology: Genetic Engineering & Cloning
- NYSTCE Biology: Cell Cycle & Division
- NYSTCE Biology: Classical, Molecular & Population Genetics
- NYSTCE Biology: Genetic Mutations
- NYSTCE Biology: The Origin of Life on Earth
- NYSTCE Biology: Evolution
- NYSTCE Biology: Protists, Fungi & Viruses
- NYSTCE Biology: Plant Biology
- NYSTCE Biology: Plant Reproduction & Growth
- NYSTCE Biology: Animals & Evolution
- NYSTCE Biology: Social Behavior of Animals
- NYSTCE Biology: Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory & Musculoskeletal Systems
- NYSTCE Biology: Nervous, Immune & Endocrine Systems
- NYSTCE Biology: Reproduction & Development
- NYSTCE Biology: Human Reproductive Systems
- NYSTCE Biology: Ecological Principles & Processes
- NYSTCE Biology Flashcards