About This Chapter
NYSTCE Biology: Plant Biology - Chapter Summary
Brush up on plant biology with the study resources in this chapter. You'll cover concepts like the structure of leaves, phloem and the pollination process. The lessons and quizzes will address these and other topics found on the NYSTCE Biology exam. After completing the chapter, you will also be proficient in the following areas:
- Classification of vascular, nonvascular, dicot and monocot plants
- The systems of stems and shoots
- System growth and root tissue
- Nitrogen fixation
- Phylogenic trees and cladograms
The concepts in this chapter are broken down into short video lessons that last less than ten minutes apiece. Each lesson is accompanied by a full transcript that you can use to follow along with the lesson. Use the practice questions to get an idea of what you'll find on the NYSTCE exam.
NYSTCE Biology: Plant Biology Chapter Objectives
A passing score on the NYSTCE Biology exam is a requirement for those who want to teach biology in New York State public schools. Expect to answer 90 selected-response questions and one constructed-response item. This chapter will help you answer questions about plant biology in the Biological Unity and Diversity and Life processes portion of the exam. This subarea of the exam makes up about 12% of the total test score and consists solely of selected-response questions.
You will be tested on your knowledge of the general characteristics, adaptations and life functions of plants, including plant development and reproduction, transport within plants and the evolution and adaptation of plant structures.
1. Classification of Vascular, Nonvascular, Monocot & Dicot Plants
Plants may not seem like the most interesting things around, but they are definitely useful. In this lesson, we will explore the basic classification of plants and the unique characteristics of each group.
2. Plant Stems & Shoot Systems
In this lesson, we'll explore plant stems, what their functions and structures are, and why they are important to a plant. We'll look at how stems grow and what shoots are.
3. Structure of Leaves: The Epidermis, Palisade and Spongy Layers
Leaves may look pretty in the fall when they are changing colors, but they also provide many necessary functions for plants. In this lesson, we will explore the structures and functions of leaves.
4. Root Tissue & System Growth
Roots are out of sight and out of mind, but they are essential to plants. We'll explore the functions and structures of roots, and how they grow in this lesson.
5. Nitrogen Fixation: Significance to Plants and Humans
Almost 80% of our atmosphere is nitrogen, but we can't use it. We will look at how this unusable nitrogen is converted into a form we can use and why nitrogen is important to plants and humans.
6. Xylem: The Effect of Transpiration and Cohesion on Function
Roots absorb water and leaves release water, but how does water move up a plant? In this lesson, we will look at how this happens in vascular plants, including the importance of xylem, cohesion and transpiration in the process.
7. Phloem: The Pressure Flow Hypothesis of Food Movement
Leaves produce sugars and stems; roots and fruits use these sugars for energy. In this lesson, we will look at how these sugars move throughout vascular plants, including the importance of phloem and the pressure flow hypothesis in the process.
8. Pollination Process: Male & Female Flower Components
In this lesson, we'll learn about the pollination process and the components in plants that make this possible. We'll also learn about the various forms of pollination and how they work.
9. Cladograms and Phylogenetic Trees: Evolution Classifications
Family trees help show how people are related to each other. Similarly, scientists use cladograms and phylogenetic trees to study the relationships between organisms.
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Other chapters within the NYSTCE Biology (006): Practice and Study Guide course
- NYSTCE Biology: Scientific Inquiry
- NYSTCE Biology: Research Methods
- NYSTCE Biology: Measurement & Observation
- NYSTCE Biology: Laboratory Basics
- NYSTCE Biology: Cell Biology
- NYSTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Cells
- NYSTCE Biology: Cell Communication
- NYSTCE Biology: Inorganic Chemistry
- NYSTCE Biology: Organic Compounds
- NYSTCE Biology: Nucleic Acids
- NYSTCE Biology: Enzymes
- NYSTCE Biology: Metabolic Biochemistry
- NYSTCE Biology: Plant Cells
- NYSTCE Biology: DNA Replication
- NYSTCE Biology: Transcription & Translation Process
- NYSTCE Biology: Genetic Engineering & Cloning
- NYSTCE Biology: Cell Cycle & Division
- NYSTCE Biology: Classical, Molecular & Population Genetics
- NYSTCE Biology: Genetic Mutations
- NYSTCE Biology: The Origin of Life on Earth
- NYSTCE Biology: Evolution
- NYSTCE Biology: Protists, Fungi & Viruses
- NYSTCE Biology: Plant Reproduction & Growth
- NYSTCE Biology: Animals & Evolution
- NYSTCE Biology: Social Behavior of Animals
- NYSTCE Biology: Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory & Musculoskeletal Systems
- NYSTCE Biology: Nervous, Immune & Endocrine Systems
- NYSTCE Biology: Reproduction & Development
- NYSTCE Biology: Human Reproductive Systems
- NYSTCE Biology: Ecological Principles & Processes
- NYSTCE Biology Flashcards