Ch 6: NYSTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Cells

About This Chapter

The study tools in this chapter are designed to help you prepare for the NYSTCE Biology exam. Use these video lessons and practice quizzes to brush up on what you'll need to know to answer questions on prokaryotic cells correctly.

NYSTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Cells - Chapter Summary

Get ready for the NYSTCE Biology exam with this chapter on prokaryotic cells. You'll review bacterial properties, structure, function and metabolism. After completing these lessons, you'll be proficient in the following:

  • Differences and similarities between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
  • Bacterial cytoplasm, cell membrane and cell walls
  • Functions of bacterial structures
  • The bacterial genome and bacterial plasmids
  • Aerobic and anaerobic bacterial metabolism
  • Bacterial fermentation

Our expert instructors will help you quickly and easily review prokaryotic cells with these engaging video lessons. Test what you know after each lesson with self-assessment quizzes, and use the chapter exam to see if you're ready to move on to the next biology topic.

NYSTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Cells Chapter Objectives

The NYSTCE Biology exam is a requirement to teach biology in the state of New York. This chapter corresponds to questions in the cell biology and biochemistry portion of the exam, which is about 17% of the total questions. Among other topics, this exam subarea will ask you about the structure, function and unique properties of different types of cells.

You will have four hours to complete the exam, which is made up of 90 selected-response questions and one constructed response assignment. The test is delivered electronically, and it includes an additional 15 minutes for orientation and a tutorial.

9 Lessons in Chapter 6: NYSTCE Biology: Prokaryotic Cells
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences

1. Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences

In this lesson, we discuss the similarities and differences between the eukaryotic cells of your body and prokaryotic cells such as bacteria. Eukaryotes organize different functions within specialized membrane-bound compartments called organelles. These structures do not exist in prokaryotes.

Bacterial Cytoplasm & Cell Membrane: Structure & Components

2. Bacterial Cytoplasm & Cell Membrane: Structure & Components

Some people say a bacterial cell is just a simple bag of enzymes. This couldn't be further from the truth! Learn about the structure and function of the bacterial cell membrane, what's in the cytoplasm, and how membrane surface area impacts bacterial size.

Bacterial Cell Walls: Structure, Function & Types

3. Bacterial Cell Walls: Structure, Function & Types

The bacterial cell wall has to be strong to prevent cell lysis but also porous to allow transport across the cell membrane. In this lesson, we will examine the structure of the bacterial cell wall and how it accomplishes both of these crucial tasks.

Bacterial Structures and Their Functions

4. Bacterial Structures and Their Functions

A bacterial cell is not smooth like a balloon. Bacteria can be covered with a wide range of structures like pili and capsules that give each species of bacteria different abilities. In this lesson, you will learn about several of these key external structures of bacteria.

The Bacterial Genome: Structure & Organization

5. The Bacterial Genome: Structure & Organization

All organisms have DNA. While the basic structure of DNA is the same, the organization of the DNA in bacterial cells is very different than in human or animal cells. In this lesson we will explore the basics of the bacterial genome.

Bacterial Plasmids: Definition, Function & Uses

6. Bacterial Plasmids: Definition, Function & Uses

What if you could pick up bits of DNA and change your traits? In the animal kingdom, organisms are born with their lifetime total of DNA. In the bacterial world, cells can add to their genome by acquiring plasmids.

Aerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process

7. Aerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process

Respiration is the process of converting nutrients into usable energy. Several different mechanisms exist in the bacterial world. In this lesson, we will examine the role of oxygen in bacterial aerobic respiration.

Anaerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process

8. Anaerobic Bacterial Metabolism: Definition & Process

Bacteria are metabolically versatile and can grow in a range of environments. Many bacteria grow in environments without oxygen using anaerobic respiration and fermentation. This lesson will discuss the process of anaerobic respiration in bacteria.

Bacterial Fermentation Process & Products

9. Bacterial Fermentation Process & Products

Bacteria in anaerobic environments can break down organic compounds using fermentation. If you have ever eaten a fermented food, such as bread, yogurt or cheese, you have tasted the products of fermentation. Now, learn the details of this process.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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