About This Chapter
NYSTCE Chemistry: Foundations of Scientific Inquiry - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, you'll use a combination of lessons and quizzes to review principles of scientific inquiry for the NYSTCE Chemistry exam. You'll learn about topics like major events in the history of science, how to prepare and handle lab specimens, laboratory measurements, and experimental design in science. You will also review the following topics:
- Concepts that are common to all sciences
- Ethics in scientific investigations
- Laboratory safety techniques
- Equipment used in the laboratory
- The metric system
- Scientific research
- The scientific method
Learning or reviewing information about different scientific principles and equipment is made easy when you take an in-depth look at these lessons. Not only are they interactive, but they will help you effectively retain information so that you can do well on the test.
NYSTCE Chemistry: Foundations of Scientific Inquiry Chapter Objectives
In order to get a certification in New York State as a chemistry teacher, you'll need to pass the NYSTCE Chemistry exam. You'll find 90 multiple-choice questions as well as one constructed-response. The content in this chapter will be tested in the Foundations of Scientific Inquiry of the exam, which comprises 19% of the entire test. In order to be fully prepared for this section, review the basic foundations of science-related principles found in this study guide.
1. Unifying Concepts Common to All Sciences
After completing this lesson, you will be able to explain what science is and describe some concepts and ideas that are common across all sciences. A short quiz will follow.
2. The History of Science: Events, Contributions & Theories
In this lesson, we discuss a few significant events in science's history. We will see how science has changed over the years as we start to question what we think we know.
3. Applying Ethics to Scientific Investigations
In this lesson we will learn about ethics in science. We will look at why ethics is important and consider a few examples of how scientists need to act ethically in their experiments.
4. Common Laboratory Equipment: Types & Uses
Biologists use all kinds of equipment in their labs to run their experiments. In this lesson, you'll identify some of the most common pieces of equipment as well as when you should or shouldn't use them.
5. Chemistry Lab Equipment: Supplies, Glassware & More
When you bake a cake, you use different tools for each step in the process: a bowl for mixing, cups for measuring ingredients and an oven for baking. In this lesson, you will discover the name and purpose of many of the different tools that are used in the chemistry lab.
6. Laboratory Safety Techniques: Protecting People and Equipment
Laboratory safety is not fun, but following the rules ensures that lab activities can be enjoyed by everyone. In this lesson, we cover some basic lab safety rules to follow that will help lab time be both safe and fun.
7. Standard Laboratory Safety Equipment
Even with proper precautions, lab accidents do happen. When they do, knowing what safety equipment is in your lab, where it is located, and how to use it can prevent further harm to both the lab and the people working in it.
8. Handling Laboratory Solutions, Chemicals & Biological Materials
Working in a laboratory requires careful attention, both for safety and successful completion of tasks. Learn about the many ways biological and chemical substances need to be properly prepared, identified, stored, dispensed, and disposed of.
9. How to Preserve, Stain & Mount Microscope Specimens
Microscopes are incredible tools for observing the tiniest of organisms. Here we will identify the types of slides that can be made and describe how to best preserve, stain, and mount specimens. At the end, you can test yourself with a brief quiz.
10. Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS): Definition & Purpose
In this lesson, you'll learn what a material safety data sheet is, its purpose, what information it contains, and the things you should focus on as a worker.
11. Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP): Definition & Use
In this lesson, we will discuss how to create and apply information from a chemical hygiene plans (CHP) to keep workers safe in a lab containing hazardous materials.
12. Understanding Laboratory Measurements: Units & Types
There are many different units that can be used for measurements. This may not only lead to incorrect data measurements, but also to confusion about which units are most appropriate. Therefore, a standard set of units is used for each type of measurement in the biology lab.
13. The Metric System: Units and Conversion
Just like you and your friend communicate using the same language, scientists all over the world need to use the same language when reporting the measurements they make. This language is called the metric system. In this lesson we will cover the metric units for length, mass, volume, density and temperature, and also discuss how to convert among them.
14. What is Scientific Research?
This lesson will discuss important components of scientific research, including the scientific method, peer review, statistical significance, and more!
15. The Scientific Method: Steps, Terms & Examples
The scientific method is more than just hypotheses and experiments. In this lesson, we'll explore the themes and variations that make up the world of science.
16. Experimental Design in Science: Definition & Method
What are the requirements of a scientific experiment? How do scientists turn hypotheses into theories and laws? Learn the answers to these questions and more in this lesson on the design of scientific experiments.
17. Qualitative vs. Quantitative Data in Various Research Methods
Qualitative data and quantitative data are both useful in research, but it is important to understand the differences between the two. Learn how to differentiate the two types of data in this lesson.
18. Interpreting Tables of Scientific Data: Practice Problems
Complex table problems getting you down? Multi-question, situational problems don't have to be a drag on your testing performance. Learn how to apply three simple rules as we walk through two table problems together.
19. Significant Figures and Scientific Notation
Are 7.5 grams and 7.50 grams the same? How do scientists represent very large and very small quantities? Find out the answers to these questions in this video.
20. Validity and Reliability: How to Assess the Quality of a Research Study
Many psychologists and teachers complete research studies. How can you tell if a study was done well? This lesson will cover many criteria for a good quality study, including types of reliability and validity.
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Other chapters within the NYSTCE Chemistry (007): Practice and Study Guide course
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Physical & Chemical Properties
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Atomic Structure & Quantum Theory
- NYSTCE Chemistry: The Periodic Table
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Gases
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Nuclear Transformation
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Principles of Calorimetry
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Thermodynamics
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Chemical Bonds
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Chemical Reactions
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Chemical Equilibrium
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Acid-Base Chemistry
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Stoichiometry
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Solutions & Solubility
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Nuclear Reactions
- NYSTCE Chemistry: Chemicals & the Environment
- NYSTCE Chemistry Flashcards