About This Chapter
NYSTCE Physics: Heat, Energy & Thermodynamics - Chapter Summary
Watching these videos can help you improve your understanding of thermodynamics. In them, expert instructors discuss the properties of heat, mechanisms of heat transference, and the laws and theories that describe thermodynamics. These lessons can prepare you for questions on the NYSTCE Physics test about:
- Heat and temperature
- Expressions of heat changes
- Conduction, convection and radiation
- Endothermic and exothermic reactions
- Equations for thermal expansion
- Forms of energy related to heat
- Laws and theories of thermodynamics
- Equations of the Carnot cycle
For another way to review the material presented in this chapter, try reading over the lesson transcripts that present the same information in a written format. To further increase your understanding of thermodynamics, complete the quizzes in each lesson. With your quiz results, identify areas of weakness then fortify these areas by using video tags to return the key points in the lesson videos.
NYSTCE Physics: Heat, Energy & Thermodynamics Objectives
Physics teachers seeking certification in the state of New York are required to take the NYSTCE Physics test. This is a computer-based exam with 90 multiple-choice and one constructed-response question and is administered in a four-hour and 15-minute testing session. Twenty-three percent of the questions are part of the mechanics and thermodynamics subarea. The objective of this chapter is to prepare you for questions in that section on thermodynamics through our engaging series of lesson videos and quizzes.
1. Mechanisms of Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection & Radiation
There are three main ways that heat is transferred between substances or objects. In this video lesson you'll learn about each one, and identify the differences between them.
2. Endothermic and Exothermic Reactions
Explore a chemical reaction at the molecular level. Learn about exothermic and endothermic reactions, what they look like and what happens when they occur. Understand enthalpy and how you can use it to predict whether a reaction will be exothermic or endothermic.
3. Thermal Expansion: Definition, Equation & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn what thermal expansion is and discover an equation for calculating how much different materials expand. You'll look at a number of examples of thermal expansion. A short quiz will follow.
4. What is Energy? - Definition and Significance in Nature
This lesson describes the nature of energy and how it is transferred from one source into another. Additionally, it will describe the significance of energy in natural systems.
5. Kinetic Energy to Potential Energy: Relationship in Different Energy Types
This video defines and describes kinetic and potential energy. You'll learn how different types of energy can be classified as potential and kinetic. You'll also find out how kinetic and potential energy are transformed.
6. Forms of Energy: Thermal, Radiant, Chemical, Electric & Nuclear Energy
After completing this lesson, you will be able to explain what energy is, and describe in detail thermal, radiant, chemical, electric and nuclear energy. A short quiz will follow.
7. The Kinetic Molecular Theory: Properties of Gases
What makes a gas ideal? What types of characteristics do ideal gases have? In this lesson, we will discuss the many characteristics of gases and how knowing the microscopic properties of gas particles will help you understand the macroscopic properties of a gas.
8. The Laws of Thermodynamics
Learn about the first and second laws of thermodynamics. Find out how energy is generated, how it converts from one form to another, and what happens to energy in a closed system.
9. The Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
After watching this video, you will be able to state the zeroth law of thermodynamics, what it means, and why it is important. A short quiz will follow.
10. Efficiency & the Carnot Cycle: Equations & Examples
After watching this video, you will be able to explain the Carnot Cycle, including what it represents and how it works, and calculate the efficiency of a particular Carnot engine. A short quiz will follow.
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Other chapters within the NYSTCE Physics (009): Practice and Study Guide course
- NYSTCE Physics: Foundations of Scientific Inquiry
- NYSTCE Physics: Scientific Experimentation
- NYSTCE Physics: Vectors & Scalars
- NYSTCE Physics: Principles of Motion
- NYSTCE Physics: Fluid Mechanics
- NYSTCE Physics: Linear Momentum
- NYSTCE Physics: Work, Energy & Power
- NYSTCE Physics: Laws of Gravitation
- NYSTCE Physics: Oscillations
- NYSTCE Physics: Rotational Motion, Collisions & Conservation
- NYSTCE Physics: Electrical Forces & Fields
- NYSTCE Physics: Potential & Capacitance
- NYSTCE Physics: Current Circuits
- NYSTCE Physics: Magnetism
- NYSTCE Physics: Waves, Sound & Light
- NYSTCE Physics: Quantum Theory & Atomic Structure
- NYSTCE Physics Flashcards