About This Chapter
NYSTCE Physics: Quantum Theory & Atomic Structure - Chapter Summary
This chapter helps you improve your understanding of quantum theories and atomic structures as you prepare to take the New York State Teacher Certification Examinations (NYSTCE) Physics Content Specialty Test. In these lessons, our expert instructors explain the properties of matter, nuclear forces and more. By the end of the chapter, you'll have reviewed:
- Nuclear force and building energy
- Properties and states of matter
- Electron configuration and the quantum numbers
- Methods of separating mixtures
- Planck's constant and the Bohr model
- The de Broglie hypothesis and the Heisenberg uncertainty principle
- Differential notation
- General and special relativity
- Formula for disintegration energy
After reviewing these lessons, complete the quizzes to fortify your understanding of the material. If you develop any questions about the topics in this chapter, you can ask our instructors for clarification.
NYSTCE Physics: Quantum Theory & Atomic Structure - Chapter Objectives
The NYSTCE Physics CST is a computerized certification exam used to measure prospective physics educators' mastery over the field in the state of New York. It is composed of a series of 90 selected-response questions and one constructed-response item. Of the selected-response questions, 16% fall within the Quantum Theory and the Atom content domain. Some of these questions within this domain could cover the quantum physics and atomic structure topics discussed in this chapter.
1. Quantum Physics: Definition, Theories & Topics
While exploring this lesson, you will learn what quantum physics, otherwise known as quantum mechanics, is, examine some of its theories and topics, and discover the weird consequences that go along with it. A short quiz will follow.
2. Nuclear Physics: Nuclear Force & Building Energy
After watching this video, you should be able to explain what nuclear physics is, including the concept of binding energy. You should also be able to explain how fusion and fission work. A short quiz will follow.
3. Matter: Physical and Chemical Properties
How are substances identified? There are two major ways we can describe a substance: physical properties and chemical properties. Learn about how chemists use properties to classify matter as either a mixture or a pure substance.
4. States of Matter and Chemical Versus Physical Changes to Matter
The world around us is constantly changing. Chemists put those changes into two main categories: physical changes and chemical changes. This lesson will define and provide examples of each.
5. Chromatography, Distillation and Filtration: Methods of Separating Mixtures
What are some ways that mixtures can be separated? Watch this video to explore several examples of ways you can separate a mixture into its individual components.
6. Early Atomic Theory: Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford and Millikan
Imagine firing a bullet at a piece of tissue paper and having it bounce back at you! You would probably be just as surprised as Rutherford when he discovered the nucleus. In this lesson, we are going to travel back in time and discuss some of the major discoveries in the history of the atom.
7. Planck's Constant: Formula & Application
After watching this lesson, you will be able to explain what Planck's constant is and use the Planck-Einstein relation to calculate the energy in a photon of light. A short quiz will follow.
8. The Bohr Model and Atomic Spectra
Do you ever wonder where light comes from or how it is produced? In this lesson, we are going to use our knowledge of the electron configurations and quantum numbers to see what goes on during the creation of light.
9. What Is an Atom? - Definition, Parts & Measurement
After completing this lesson, you will be able to explain what an atom is, what it is made of, and how we understand the atom through measurement. A short quiz will follow.
10. Electron Configurations & the Four Quantum Numbers
The nucleus of an atom is surrounded by a cloud of electrons. Discover how these electrons are structured around the nucleus by learning about electron configurations and the four quantum numbers.
11. The de Broglie Hypothesis: Definition & Significance
The de Broglie hypothesis states that particles of matter can behave as both waves and particles, just like light. In this lesson, we'll learn the basics of the de Broglie hypothesis and how it related to other theories released at the same time.
12. Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle: Definition & Equation
The Heisenberg uncertainty principle is one of the core concepts in quantum mechanics. In this lesson, we define the uncertainty principle and learn more about its implications for physical science.
13. Differential Notation in Physics
Stop. Look around. Everything is changing. In this lesson, you'll learn what a differential equation is and how these equations can describe the world around you.
14. General and Special Relativity: Theory and Examples
Special relativity accounts for the constant speed of light in the absence of surrounding mass. General relativity utilizes the concept of space-time to explain the effect of gravity on the speed of light. This lesson compares special and general relativity and provides examples of how the speed of light is affected by gravity.
15. Disintegration Energy in Nuclear Physics: Definition & Formula
After watching this video, you should be able to explain what disintegration energy is and use mass-energy equivalence to calculate the disintegration energy in a nuclear decay reaction.
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Other chapters within the NYSTCE Physics (009): Practice and Study Guide course
- NYSTCE Physics: Foundations of Scientific Inquiry
- NYSTCE Physics: Scientific Experimentation
- NYSTCE Physics: Vectors & Scalars
- NYSTCE Physics: Principles of Motion
- NYSTCE Physics: Fluid Mechanics
- NYSTCE Physics: Linear Momentum
- NYSTCE Physics: Work, Energy & Power
- NYSTCE Physics: Laws of Gravitation
- NYSTCE Physics: Oscillations
- NYSTCE Physics: Rotational Motion, Collisions & Conservation
- NYSTCE Physics: Heat, Energy & Thermodynamics
- NYSTCE Physics: Electrical Forces & Fields
- NYSTCE Physics: Potential & Capacitance
- NYSTCE Physics: Current Circuits
- NYSTCE Physics: Magnetism
- NYSTCE Physics: Waves, Sound & Light
- NYSTCE Physics Flashcards