About This Chapter
OAE - Biology: Inorganic Chemistry Foundations - Chapter Summary
Each video lesson walks you through a different subject in biology by explaining key terms and processes and showing you some helpful illustrations. After studying this chapter on inorganic chemistry foundations, you will know how to:
- Describe the characteristics of functional groups
- Characterize monomers and polymers and explain their purpose
- Chart the structures and describe the functions of lipids and carbohydrates
- Diagram the structure of a protein
- Explain polymerization and its relationship to amino acids and peptide bonds
- Distinguish between the twenty different amino acids
- Differentiate between primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structures
Our passionate instructors love to help make learning easier for all. They've organized each video to explain difficult concepts in a less-than-difficult way. When you're done watching the videos, see what you've learned by trying out our self-assessment quizzes.
OAE - Biology: Inorganic Chemistry Foundations - Chapter Objectives
The Ohio Assessments for Educators (OAE) Biology exam consists of five domains, including one concentrated on biochemistry and cell biology. Questions about inorganic chemistry foundations will appear in the biochemistry and cell biology section, which makes up 13 % of the total exam score. The full exam is made up of 150 multiple-choice questions.
Scoring a passing grade on the OAE is a requirement for teaching licensure in Ohio. Those who score a 220 or higher on the Biology OAE are permitted to teach life science classes in 7th-12th grade. You will have three hours to complete the test.
1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
2. Introduction to Organic Molecules II: Monomers and Polymers
From everyday man-made items like milk jugs and styrofoam to natural proteins and plant materials, the world is full of polymers! Check out this lesson to learn how polymers are constructed on a molecular level.
3. Structure and Function of Lipids
Molecules called lipids have long hydrocarbon chains that determine the way they act. They can be fats, oils, or hormones, and even exist in our cell membranes. Learn more about the chemical structure and biological function of various lipids in this lesson.
4. Structure and Function of Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are found in many foods that we eat and may be found as sugars, starches, or fiber. Learn more about these three distinct types of carbohydrates, and how they are distinguished through their chemical structures in this lesson.
5. Proteins I: Structure and Function
We need our proteins, not just as a major food group but for the many useful roles that they play in our bodies. In our introductory lesson to proteins, you'll learn about the many functions we rely on them to perform.
6. Proteins II: Amino Acids, Polymerization and Peptide Bonds
In this lesson, we'll take a deeper look at amino acids. You'll learn what makes a peptide, and what separates a protein from other kinds of amino acid bonds.
7. Proteins III: Structure and Characteristics of the 20 Amino Acids
How do amino acids form the intricate polypeptide chains found in proteins? It's a matter of chemistry. Join glycine, a special amino acid, as she sizes up the other amino acids.
8. Proteins IV: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary and Quaternary Structure
How is progressing through higher order protein structures like crafting an essay? In this lesson, you'll explore everything from quaternary structures to denaturation as we show how the different structures are intertwined.
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