About This Chapter
OAE - Biology: Introduction to Disease - Chapter Summary
Use this study guide to learn in a way that makes complex subjects like infections and diseases seem a little less daunting. Our handy videos will help you study everything about diseases, from how we get them to how we get rid of them. Once done with this chapter, you'll be able to:
- Differentiate between infection and disease
- Discuss common methods of preventing diseases caused by normal human flora
- Define and list examples of symbiotic interactions in disease
- Chart the life-cycle of a disease from infection to recovery
- List the different methods infectious diseases can transmit
- Distinguish between endemics, epidemics and pandemics
- Categorize different types of diseases
- Examine common causes and effects of nosocomial diseases
These awesome video lessons will help you quickly retain the information. Each has been prescribed by our expert instructors to get your mind ready for the OAE Biology exam.
Objectives of the OAE - Biology: Introduction to Disease Chapter
Passing the Ohio Assessments for Educators (OAE) exam is a requirement for forthcoming teachers and teachers seeking re-licensure in Ohio. Instructors must only pass the OAE exam matched to the subjects they plan on teaching. Life science teachers with classes 7th grade and higher must pass the OAE Biology exam. In order to achieve a passing grade, test-takers must earn a score of 220 on a scale of 100 to 300. Questions are based on a set of standards for entry-level teachers as determined by the state of Ohio to be compulsory.
The OAE Biology exam consists of five domains, including one focused on biological unity and diversity. This section includes questions related to diseases that this study guide is designed to help you with. Twenty percent of the questions on the OAE Biology exam are in this domain. You will need to complete the computer-based OAE Biology test in three hours. The test is made up of 150 stand-alone multiple-choice questions.
1. Disease Control & Prevention
This lesson will discuss the many different ways by which people can control disease. Everything from vaccination to sterilization and beyond will be mentioned so that you can better appreciate the large arsenal of tools at our disposal.
2. The Differences Between Infection and Disease
This lesson will go over the differences between an infection and a disease. We'll cover everything from prions and infectivity to opportunistic infections and idiopathic disease. We'll also learn what the etiology of disease is and much more.
3. Preventing Disease: Normal Human Flora
This lesson will give you a basic understanding of what human flora is. You'll learn about the different locations of flora, such as the gut, and what mutualistic, commensal, and opportunistic microbes are.
4. Symbiotic Interactions in Disease: Definition, Theory & Examples
This lesson will describe something known as symbiosis and symbionts. We will explore the three main types and examples of symbiotic relationships as we define mutualism, parasitism, and commensalism.
5. Progress of Disease: Infection to Recovery
This lesson will teach you about the five basic steps of the development of disease, what they are called, and what occurs during each phase. We'll talk about the incubation and prodromal period as well as the periods of convalescence, decline, and illness.
6. The Different Routes of Infectious Disease Transmission
This lesson will discuss the different ways you can get sick. We'll discuss how pathogenic microbes can be transmitted to you or someone else as we explore horizontal and vertical transmission as well as vectors, vehicles, and fomites.
7. The Spread of Disease: Endemic, Epidemic & Pandemic
This lesson will talk about what an endemic disease is and how it is different from an epidemic. We'll also discuss how an epidemic differs from something known as a pandemic. Finally, we'll look at some examples of each to help solidify these points.
8. What Are the Types of Diseases?
This lesson will focus on the different types of diseases that a person may develop or contract. We'll discuss the differences between acute, chronic, primary, secondary, local, and systemic diseases.
9. Nosocomial Infections: Definition, Causes & Prevention
In this lesson, you will learn about what a nosocomial infection is. We'll discuss, in particular, the many reasons you may get such an infection, which types of pathogens are most likely to cause one, and the most common places in your body you may acquire one.
10. Establishment of Disease: Entry, Dose & Virulence
This lesson will delve into what predisposes an individual to get sick. We'll talk about things like the entry, dose, and virulence of a pathogen and how they play a role in the establishment of a disease.
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Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Biology (007): Practice & Study Guide course
- OAE - Biology: Scientific Inquiry
- OAE - Biology: Scientific Processes
- OAE - Biology: Analysis & Interpretation of Data
- OAE - Biology: Using Laboratory Equipment
- OAE - Biology: History & Issues in Science
- OAE - Biology: Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry
- OAE - Biology: Inorganic Chemistry Foundations
- OAE - Biology: Biochemistry
- OAE - Biology: Prokaryotic Cells
- OAE - Biology: Cell Biology & Cell Cycle
- OAE - Biology: Plant Cells
- OAE - Biology: Cell Division
- OAE - Biology: Protein Synthesis
- OAE - Biology: DNA & RNA
- OAE - Biology: Basic Genetics
- OAE - Biology: History of Life
- OAE - Biology: Taxonomic Systems
- OAE - Biology: Theory of Evolution
- OAE - Biology: Speciation & Genetic Variability
- OAE - Biology: Protists, Fungi & Viruses
- OAE - Biology: Plant Reproduction & Growth
- OAE - Biology: Animal Reproduction & Development
- OAE - Biology: Homeostasis of Organisms
- OAE - Biology: Male Reproductive System
- OAE - Biology: Female Reproductive System
- OAE - Biology: The Circulatory, Respiratory, Digestive, Excretory & Musculoskeletal Systems
- OAE - Biology: The Nervous, Immune & Endocrine Systems
- OAE - Biology: Disorders & Diseases of the Body Systems
- OAE - Biology: Populations & Communities
- OAE - Biology: Ecosystems & Biomes
- OAE - Biology: Biochemical Cycles
- OAE - Biology: Effects of Human Activity on the Biosphere
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