About This Chapter
OAE Early Childhood Education: Theories on Development - Chapter Summary
Use this chapter's lessons to review information on theories of cognitive development and learning in young children as you get ready for the OAE Early Childhood Education exam. Our videos explore the following concepts to help you prepare for these types of exam questions:
- Understanding human growth and development theories
- Getting the gist of the cognitive, behavioral, developmental, social cognitive and constructivist perspectives
- Exploring various psychologists and their theories of development, including Freud, Piaget, Bronfenbrenner, Vygotsky and Erikson
- Differentiating between classical and operant conditioning
- Understanding how evolutionary theory can be applied to learning
You can check out these lessons on a computer or mobile device, and study at your own pace. Our instructors will help you review topics you covered in college courses and may introduce some new ideas, as well.
OAE Early Childhood Education: Theories on Development Chapter Objectives
Individuals seeking certification to teach children from pre-kindergarten through grade 3 in Ohio must pass the OAE Early Childhood Education exam. The material covered in this chapter is in the exam's section on child development and learning, which makes up 21% of the total exam score.
There are 150 multiple-choice questions on the OAE Early Childhood Education, and the test is administered by computer. The quizzes that accompany our lessons allow you to gain experience in answering these types of questions, and also let you assess your knowledge.
1. Human Growth and Development Theories
This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories. You will briefly examine their strengths and weaknesses and meet a few key figures from each theory.
2. Behavioral, Cognitive, Developmental, Social Cognitive & Constructivist Perspectives
How do different people learn? Not everyone agrees. In educational psychology, there are many differing perspectives. This lesson will differentiate between the following psychological perspectives: behavioral, cognitive, developmental, social cognitive and constructivist.
3. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development
Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.
4. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.
5. Concrete Operational Stage of Child Development: Piaget's Logical Principles
As children age, they begin to understand the world in new ways. In this lesson, we'll look at Piaget's concrete operational stage of development and cognitive gains made during that time, including classification, seriation, and transitivity.
6. Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development: Theory & Examples
How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?
7. Children's Identity Development Theory: Model & Stages
Learn about children's identity development theory. Find out what the different stages of development are and review the model. Read the lesson, and then take the quiz to test your new knowledge.
8. Albert Bandura: Social-Cognitive Theory and Vicarious Learning
A person's cognition, environment and behavior play important roles in learning new knowledge and skills. This lesson will focus on Albert Bandura's contributions to social learning and vicarious experiences.
9. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
10. Classical Conditioning vs. Operant Conditioning: Differences and Examples
This lesson will compare classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Examples are provided and key terms associated with each type of learning are defined.
11. Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory of Development: Definition & Examples
Learn about Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory in this lesson and explore the five levels of the environment that can influence human development.
12. Evolutionary Theory's Applications to Learning
In this lesson you will learn about evolutionary theory's application to instinctual learning and human development through natural selection. There is a quiz to test your knowledge at the end.
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Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Early Childhood Education (012): Practice & Study Guide course
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Infant & Young Child Development
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Developmental Factors
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Child Health & Safety
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Positive Learning Environments
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Language Development
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Reading Instruction
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Writing Instruction
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Educator Role & Responsibilities
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Assessments
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Learning through the Arts
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Health & Physical Education
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Numbers & Arithmetic
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Language & Reasoning
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Studying Culture
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Studying Geography
- OAE Early Childhood Education: American History Overview
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Civics & Economics
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Basic Scientific Concepts
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Earth & Space Science
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Physical Sciences
- OAE Early Childhood Education: Living Organisms
- OAE Early Childhood Education Flashcards