About This Chapter
OAE - Integrated Science: Human Reproduction & Growth - Chapter Summary
This chapter will help you recall the major parts of the male and female reproductive systems of humans. It will examine both male and female reproductive systems and consider the role of hormones in these two systems. At the end of the chapter, you will have effectively refreshed your memory about:
- The male reproductive system
- Male and female hormones
- External reproductive anatomy
- Phases of the ovarian cycle
- Hormonal control of the ovarian cycle
The lessons each feature a quiz at the end of the chapter. These quizzes are very similar to the ones you will encounter on the OAE Integrated Science exam. Working with similar questions will help you quickly and efficiently answer the questions on your upcoming exam.
Objectives of the OAE - Integrated Science: Human Reproduction & Growth Chapter
The computer based OAE Integrated science exam has four domains on which you will be evaluated: earth science, physical science, the nature of science, and life science. This chapter connects to the life science section of the exam. This section accounts for 19% of the 150 multiple choice questions. The exam is 180 minutes long, leaving only slightly more than a minute for each question. That makes it important to budget your time, and this study guide will provide you with strategies to improve your test taking skills.
1. Overview of Animal Reproduction and Development
Sexual reproduction in animals involves many different steps, beginning with gametogenesis and ending with the formation of three primary germ layers. Discover how those initial steps happen, and explore different definitions of the parts of animal reproduction and development.
2. Male Reproductive System: Functions, Organs & Anatomy
The male reproductive system includes various structures and pathways to transport sperm. Learn about the anatomy, organs, and functions of the male reproductive system.
3. Spermatogenesis: How the Reproductive System Produces Sperm
Spermatogenesis is a process that takes place in the seminiferous tubules where sperm, or gametes, are formed. Discover other processes and concepts about the production of sperm in the reproductive system.
4. Sperm's Journey from the Testes to Urethral Orifice
Spermatozoa are produced in the testes, beginning a journey that plays an important role in reproduction. Explore the detailed path sperm takes from the testes to the urethral orifice with the end goal of passing on its DNA by fertilizing a female egg.
5. The HPG Axis: Hormones of Male Reproduction
Male reproduction is controlled by hormones. Learn about this process, including how males change as they experience puberty. Explore the HPG Axis, the hypothalamus, the anterior pituitary, LH, FSH, gonads, testosterone, and inhibin.
6. Female Reproductive System: Internal Anatomy
The female reproductive system has multiple structures with specific purposes and functions. Learn about the internal anatomy of the female reproductive system, including the ovaries, cervix, uterine tubes, and uterus.
7. External Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System
The external anatomy of the female reproductive system involves six main structures developed from the same tissues that make the male's external genitals. Learn about the skin folds in the vulva and explore the female erectile structures, including the clitoris and vestibular bulbs.
8. The Female Reproductive Axis: Coordination of the Brain, Ovaries & Uterus
The female brain emits hormones to let the ovaries know it's time to start the female reproductive process. Learn how the coordination of the brain, ovaries, and uterus results in a continuous, integrated system to prepare the body for reproduction.
9. Phases of The Ovarian Cycle: Overview from Puberty to Menopause
The ovarian cycle functions in phases from puberty to menopause. Explore the two parts of the ovarian cycle, how timing is involved, the puberty and menopause cycles, and the two phases of reproduction.
10. HPG Axis: Hormonal Control of the Ovarian Cycle
The female HPG axis involves the hypothalamus, anterior pituitary and female gonads (or ovaries) and allows the brain to communicate with the ovaries using hormones. Explore the function of the HPG axis, GnRH patterns, LH and FSH hormones, and HPG signaling.
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Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Integrated Science (024): Practice & Study Guide course
- About the OAE Tests
- OAE - Integrated Science: Scientific Thought & Inquiry
- OAE - Integrated Science: Principles of Scientific Research
- OAE - Integrated Science: Research Methods & Equipment
- OAE - Integrated Science: Historical Developments & Theories
- OAE - Integrated Science: Science & Society
- OAE - Integrated Science: States of Matter & Phase Changes
- OAE - Integrated Science: Chemical Properties & Bonds
- OAE - Integrated Science: Chemical Changes in Matter
- OAE - Integrated Science: Thermodynamics
- OAE - Integrated Science: Force & Motion
- OAE - Integrated Science: Work, Power & Energy
- OAE - Integrated Science: Waves, Light & Sound
- OAE - Integrated Science: Electricity
- OAE - Integrated Science: Magnetism
- OAE - Integrated Science: Cell Structure & Function
- OAE - Integrated Science: Biomolecules & Enzymes
- OAE - Integrated Science: Organism Classification & Processes
- OAE - Integrated Science: Human Body Systems
- OAE - Integrated Science: Ecological Systems
- OAE - Integrated Science: Chemical Cycling & Human Activities
- OAE - Integrated Science: Physical Geology & Earth's History
- OAE - Integrated Science: Rocks, Minerals & Topography
- OAE - Integrated Science: The Hydrosphere
- OAE - Integrated Science: Atmosphere & Climate
- OAE - Integrated Science: Weather
- OAE - Integrated Science: Evolution of the Solar System & Universe
- OAE - Integrated Science: The Solar System
- Ohio Assessments for Educators Integrated Science Flashcards