About This Chapter
OAE Integrated Science: Rocks, Minerals & Topography - Chapter Summary
The rocks, minerals, and topography section of our study guide focuses on the often-ignored aspects of our Earth. It examines the many different types of rocks, the properties of minerals, and the history of our planet's land. It also discusses natural phenomena like earthquakes and volcanoes. This chapter will help you review:
- The shaping of the Earth's surface
- The rock cycle
- The formation and parts of soil
- Erosion and deposition on land
- Natural phenomena
- The legacy of the Ice Age
- Landform diagrams
- The Earth's inner layers
- Fossil fuels, topography, and geothermal energy
Our energetic instructors make each lesson exciting and fun. After exploring the lessons, be sure to take the accompanying quiz. These quizzes are modeled on your eventual exam. By familiarizing yourself with the question types, you will be better able to succeed.
OAE Integrated Science: Rocks, Minerals & Topography Chapter Objectives
The 3-hour long OAE Integrated Science exam features questions from four different domains: physical science, life science, the nature of science, and earth and space science. The rocks, minerals, and topography chapter connects to the earth and space science domain. This domain will account for about 19% of the 150-multiple choice questions. The test is computer based.
1. The Dynamic Earth: Internal & External Forces that Shape Earth's Surface
There are many geologic processes that shape the surface of the Earth. Not only do they build and destroy a variety of landscapes, but they also give us clues to the interior of the Earth and the forces that exist there.
2. Rock Cycle: Igneous, Sedimentary, and Metamorphic Rocks
In this lesson, we will discuss the three main types of rocks and how they are formed. The lesson also gives an introduction into how matter locked in rocks can be cycled through the earth.
3. What Are Minerals? - Types, Properties & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn about minerals and their properties. You will also understand the importance and everyday use of different types of minerals found on Earth.
4. The Formation and Composition of Soil: Definition and Factors
In this video lesson you will learn how soil is formed and what it is made of. You will also learn about how soil is classified and distributed in layers underground.
5. Effect of Erosion and Deposition on Landforms
Landforms are constantly being broken down and reformed by the processes of weathering, erosion, and deposition. In this lesson, we explore chemical and physical weathering and how the face of the earth gets changed.
6. How to Interpret Events from Natural Phenomena
This lesson will explain what scientists can determine from looking at Earth's rock layers. It will cover terms used to describe parts within the layers of rock and how layers can change over time. Relative dating will also be discussed.
7. Causes of Glaciation
Glaciation refers to being covered with glaciers. Learn about the theories behind glaciation, including the changing continental positions and the Milankovitch theory, which points to three orbital variations: eccentricity, obliquity and precession, in this lesson.
8. Glacial Deposition: Definition & Results
As glaciers move and retreat, they push and drop rocks and sediments in a process known as glacial deposition. Learn about this glacial process and the interesting landforms that result from it, including moraines, erratics and drumlins, in this lesson.
9. The Effect of Ice Age Glaciers: Formation of Pluvial Lakes
Ice age glaciers caused erosion and deposition, which resulted in unique features such as horns, cirques, lakes, U-shaped valleys, moraines and drumlins. Indirect effects include pluvial lakes, isostatic depression and a change in sea level.
10. How a Landform Diagram Describes the Geological Progression of a Landscape
This lesson describes what a landform diagram is. We'll also discuss some basic laws of geology that can help scientists deduce both the order of events that create a landform and the geologic events that occur after a landform's formation.
11. Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Evidence of Earth's Inner Layers
The interior layers of the earth are not able to be observed directly, so scientists need to rely on other information to learn about it. S waves, P waves, and magma from volcanoes and earthquakes give a glimpse at the layers of the earth by providing data that can be built into a model of the earth.
12. What Is Topography and How Is Topography Reshaped?
The topography, or surface of the Earth, is constantly changing shape due to many powerful forces. In this lesson, we will learn about some of the amazing changes that occur on Earth due to the processes of weathering, erosion, and deposition.
13. What Are Fossil Fuels? - Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages
Fossil fuels are sources of energy that have developed within the earth over millions of years. Because fossil fuels - oil, natural gas, and coal - take so long to form, they are considered nonrenewable. Learn more about these fuels, including the pros and cons of using them.
14. Geothermal Energy: Advantages and Disadvantages
Geothermal energy is heat energy that is stored within the earth. Learn the methods being used to tap into this thermal energy to heat buildings and generate electricity as well as the advantages and disadvantages of this renewable energy source.
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Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Integrated Science (024): Practice & Study Guide course
- OAE - Integrated Science: Scientific Thought & Inquiry
- OAE - Integrated Science: Principles of Scientific Research
- OAE - Integrated Science: Research Methods & Equipment
- OAE - Integrated Science: Historical Developments & Theories
- OAE - Integrated Science: Science & Society
- OAE - Integrated Science: States of Matter & Phase Changes
- OAE - Integrated Science: Chemical Properties & Bonds
- OAE - Integrated Science: Chemical Changes in Matter
- OAE - Integrated Science: Thermodynamics
- OAE - Integrated Science: Force & Motion
- OAE - Integrated Science: Work, Power & Energy
- OAE - Integrated Science: Waves, Light & Sound
- OAE - Integrated Science: Electricity
- OAE - Integrated Science: Magnetism
- OAE - Integrated Science: Cell Structure & Function
- OAE - Integrated Science: Biomolecules & Enzymes
- OAE - Integrated Science: Organism Classification & Processes
- OAE - Integrated Science: Human Reproduction & Growth
- OAE - Integrated Science: Human Body Systems
- OAE - Integrated Science: Ecological Systems
- OAE - Integrated Science: Chemical Cycling & Human Activities
- OAE - Integrated Science: Physical Geology & Earth's History
- OAE - Integrated Science: The Hydrosphere
- OAE - Integrated Science: Atmosphere & Climate
- OAE - Integrated Science: Weather
- OAE - Integrated Science: Evolution of the Solar System & Universe
- OAE - Integrated Science: The Solar System
- Ohio Assessments for Educators Integrated Science Flashcards