About This Chapter
OAE - Integrated Science: The Hydrosphere - Chapter Summary
This chapter examines Earth's hydrosphere in detail. The lessons provide the definition and structures of different types of bodies of water. They also help you review the cycles that affect these bodies of water, and the way water shapes the surface of the earth. By the end of the chapter, you will have covered:
- Distribution of water across the planet
- Oceans, rivers, streams, and groundwater
- The water cycle and the hydrologic cycle
- Evaporation and transpiration
- Runoff and infiltration
- Deltas and biomes
OAE - Integrated Science: The Hydrosphere - Chapter Objectives
The OAE Integrated Science exam tests you on earth, life, and physical science, as well as the nature of science. The lessons in this chapter on the hydrosphere prepares you for questions in the earth science section of the exam, worth about 19% of the total 150 multiple-choice questions. The test is three hours long and is taken on a computer.
1. The Distribution of Water on Earth
Water covers most of Earth but in a variety of forms. In this video lesson you will learn about how water is distributed on Earth, though you may be surprised to find out just how little of it we can access!
2. Properties of Ocean Water
Ocean waters are salty and contain minerals and dissolved gases. They also have a high heat capacity and vary in density depending on temperature and salinity. Learn more about the unique chemical and physical properties of ocean water.
3. Rivers: Definition & Explanation
Explore rivers and how they develop from small streams to swiftly flowing rapids. Learn about how rivers shape the land around them, creating canyons, flood plains and deltas.
4. How Rivers and Streams Affect the Earth's Surface
Rivers and streams are powerful, ever-changing systems that can alter the surface of the Earth. While they share many similar features, they can be vastly different. In this lesson, we will learn how rivers and streams form, transport sediment, and flood.
5. What is Groundwater? - Definition & Explanation
Groundwater accounts for up to 20% of all the fresh water on Earth. This lesson will explain what ground water is and its important aspects. Once you've finished the lesson, test your understanding with a quiz.
6. Ground and Surface Water: Effects On Landscapes
In this lesson, you will learn how groundwater and surface water form features on Earth and cause changes in landscapes. You will also learn about the different types of features formed by each type of water.
7. The Water Cycle: Precipitation, Condensation, and Evaporation
This lesson discusses the processes water takes as it moves around the Earth in the water cycle. You'll get an in-depth look at condensation, precipitation, and evaporation.
8. The Hydrologic Cycle: Definition, Process & Diagram
The hydrologic, or water, cycle describes the storage and movement of all water on Earth. This lesson will cover the different reservoirs where water can be stored and how it moves between them.
9. How Evaporation & Transpiration Contribute to the Hydrologic Cycle
Evaporation and transpiration are important components of the water cycle, and while they are the same process they arise from different sources. In this video lesson you will learn about these two parts of the cycle and how they contribute to the overall movement of water on Earth.
10. Runoff & Infiltration: Definition & Process
When water falls to the ground as precipitation, it can either fill the spaces in the soil below ground or run across the surface. In this video lesson, you will learn about the processes of infiltration and runoff, and how they are an important part of the water cycle on Earth.
11. What Are Glaciers? - Definition, Types & Processes
Learn about the two major types of glaciers: continental and alpine glaciers. These glaciers shape the landscape around them and affect our everyday lives, even if the nearest glacier is thousands of miles away.
12. Estuaries Biome: Definition, Types & Climate
Estuaries are very special ecosystems, but just what is an estuary? Estuaries are both economically and environmentally important because they provide a unique home to many valuable marine organisms.
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Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Integrated Science (024): Practice & Study Guide course
- OAE - Integrated Science: Scientific Thought & Inquiry
- OAE - Integrated Science: Principles of Scientific Research
- OAE - Integrated Science: Research Methods & Equipment
- OAE - Integrated Science: Historical Developments & Theories
- OAE - Integrated Science: Science & Society
- OAE - Integrated Science: States of Matter & Phase Changes
- OAE - Integrated Science: Chemical Properties & Bonds
- OAE - Integrated Science: Chemical Changes in Matter
- OAE - Integrated Science: Thermodynamics
- OAE - Integrated Science: Force & Motion
- OAE - Integrated Science: Work, Power & Energy
- OAE - Integrated Science: Waves, Light & Sound
- OAE - Integrated Science: Electricity
- OAE - Integrated Science: Magnetism
- OAE - Integrated Science: Cell Structure & Function
- OAE - Integrated Science: Biomolecules & Enzymes
- OAE - Integrated Science: Organism Classification & Processes
- OAE - Integrated Science: Human Reproduction & Growth
- OAE - Integrated Science: Human Body Systems
- OAE - Integrated Science: Ecological Systems
- OAE - Integrated Science: Chemical Cycling & Human Activities
- OAE - Integrated Science: Physical Geology & Earth's History
- OAE - Integrated Science: Rocks, Minerals & Topography
- OAE - Integrated Science: Atmosphere & Climate
- OAE - Integrated Science: Weather
- OAE - Integrated Science: Evolution of the Solar System & Universe
- OAE - Integrated Science: The Solar System
- Ohio Assessments for Educators Integrated Science Flashcards