# Ch 54: OAE Middle Grades Math: Probability

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### About This Chapter

## OAE Middle Grades Math: Probability - Chapter Summary

Use the engaging video lessons in this chapter to strengthen your knowledge of probability as you get ready to take your OAE Middle Grades Mathematics assessment. The lessons can serve as refreshers while helping you address the following types of questions on the test:

- Calculating simple conditional probabilities
- Understanding the probability of independent and dependent events
- Using the fundamental counting principle
- Calculating a permutation and the probability of permutations
- Analyze math combinations
- Getting the gist of how to calculate the probability of combinations

The instructors in the video lessons are skilled at guiding you through each method, step-by-step, to help you address each effectively on the assessment. The videos are engaging and fun, while offering you the comprehensive overview you need to feel confident on exam day.

### OAE Middle Grades Math: Probability Chapter Objectives

The OAE Middle Grades Mathematics assessment is designed to test your knowledge of mathematics to ensure you're qualified to teach in the classroom and secure a subject-specific teaching license in Ohio. The topics covered in this OAE Middle Grades Math: Probability chapter are located in the statistics, probability and discrete mathematics section of the exam, which constitutes about 25% of the test. You can take self-assessment quizzes to gauge your understanding of the materials, while getting accustomed to the formatting you'll see on the actual exam.

All questions on the assessment are multiple choice and typically come in the form of short paragraphs, sentences or questions. Some may be accompanied by an illustration, diagram or graph to help you solve the problems. Each question is followed by a set of four answers, and you will be asked to choose one of the four as the best response to the question posed.

### 1. How to Calculate Simple Conditional Probabilities

Conditional probability, just like it sounds, is a probability that happens on the condition of a previous event occurring. To calculate conditional probabilities, we must first consider the effects of the previous event on the current event.

### 2. Probability of Independent and Dependent Events

Sometimes probabilities need to be calculated when more than one event occurs. These types of compound events are called independent and dependent events. Through this lesson, we will look at some real-world examples of how to calculate these probabilities.

### 3. How to Use the Fundamental Counting Principle

There are many situations in which you will have to make several decisions simultaneously. The fundamental counting principle will help you determine how many different possible outcomes there are when you have to make multiple simultaneous decisions.

### 4. How to Calculate a Permutation

A permutation is a method used to calculate the total outcomes of a situation where order is important. In this lesson, John will use permutations to help him organize the cards in his poker hand and order a pizza.

### 5. How to Calculate the Probability of Permutations

In this lesson, you will learn how to calculate the probability of a permutation by analyzing a real-world example in which the order of the events does matter. We'll also review what a factorial is. We will then go over some examples for practice.

### 6. Math Combinations: Formula and Example Problems

Combinations are an arrangement of objects where order does not matter. In this lesson, the coach of the Wildcats basketball team uses combinations to help his team prepare for the upcoming season.

### 7. How to Calculate the Probability of Combinations

To calculate the probability of a combination, you will need to consider the number of favorable outcomes over the number of total outcomes. Combinations are used to calculate events where order does not matter. In this lesson, we will explore the connection between these two essential topics.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Middle Grades Mathematics: Practice & Study Guide course

- OAE Middle Grades Math: Basic Arithmetic Operations
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Solving Math Word Problems
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Properties of Numbers
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Scientific Notation
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Simplifying Whole Number Expressions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Integers
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Rational Numbers
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Estimating & Rounding
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Number Theory
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Fractions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Operations with Fractions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Decimals
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Operations with Decimals
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Percents
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Rates, Ratios & Proportions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Money & Consumer Math
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Factoring
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Properties of Functions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Graphing Functions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Monomials & Polynomials
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Writing Algebraic Expressions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Basic Algebraic Expressions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Algebraic Distribution
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving One-Step Equations
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving Two-Step Equations
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Simplifying & Solving Rational Expressions
- OAE Middle Grades Math: The Coordinate Graph
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Linear Equations
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Systems of Linear Equations
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Negative Numbers
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Absolute Value
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Inequalities
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Number Patterns & Sequences
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Measurement
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Perimeter & Area
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Polyhedrons & Geometric Solids
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Symmetry, Similarity & Congruence
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Properties of Lines
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Triangles
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Similar Polygons
- OAE Middle Grades Math: The Pythagorean Theorem
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Quadrilaterals
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Circles
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Circular Arcs & Measurement
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Transformations
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Data & Graphs
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Sets
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Statistics
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Data Collection
- OAE Middle Grades Math: Samples & Populations