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Ch 4: OAE Middle Grades Social Studies: Early Civilizations

About This Chapter

Review the progress of prehistoric man from the earliest beginnings to the brilliant civilizations of Egypt, China and more. Use this information in your preparations for the corresponding sections of the OAE Middle Grades Social Studies exam.

OAE Middle Grades Social Studies: Early Civilizations - Chapter Summary

Explore the world of Neolithic man as you watch these video lessons. Examine the growth and development of agriculture and its impact on the rise of settled communities. This information and more is contained in these lessons as shown in the list below:

  • From hunter-gatherers to ancient cities, fire, tools and farming
  • River settlements, Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent
  • Old and New Stone Age cultures, and agriculture in Neolithic societies
  • Achievements of Egypt in the Bronze age and beyond
  • Ancient Persia, China and Indian cultures
  • Ottoman, Mughal and Safavid empires
  • Use of domesticated plants and animals

Fully transcribed versions of each lesson are paired with the videos, and key terminology is highlighted in both. This makes referring back and forth a simple matter. Further, each video has a timeline feature that allows instant access to any segment of a lesson while bypassing sections that you have already seen or do not wish to view. Combined, these features allow you to study selectively and efficiently, making the very best use of your most limited resource: your time.

15 Lessons in Chapter 4: OAE Middle Grades Social Studies: Early Civilizations
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Early Human Communities Around the World

1. Early Human Communities Around the World

In this lesson, you will explore the rise of the first early human communities and the changes that lead people to settle down and build cities. Then, you will be able to test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Rivers' Impact on Early Civilizations

2. Rivers' Impact on Early Civilizations

This lesson explains why ancient civilizations developed along rivers. In doing this, it highlights the importance of food supplies, flooding, and the process of irrigation.

Mesopotamia: The First Civilization

3. Mesopotamia: The First Civilization

In this lesson, we explore the beginning of one of the oldest civilizations in the world, Mesopotamia. We specifically discuss the factors that encouraged settlement in the region.

The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

4. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization

Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.

Preliterate Cultures: Paleolithic vs Neolithic

5. Preliterate Cultures: Paleolithic vs Neolithic

In this lesson we briefly explore the origins of Homo sapiens before discovering the differences between the Paleolithic and Neolithic eras of human civilization.

Neolithic Agricultural Revolution: Causes and Implications

6. Neolithic Agricultural Revolution: Causes and Implications

A long, long time ago, human beings roamed the earth looking for food. Then the agricultural revolution struck! What are the benefits of an agrarian society, and how have they shaped the way we live today?

The Four Empires of Mesopotamia

7. The Four Empires of Mesopotamia

Whereas a number of dynasties ruled Egypt, it was often completely different cultures to rule Mesopotamia. This lesson looks at four of those cultures that were able to build empires.

Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age

8. Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age

This lecture first compares the natural features of the Nile valley to those of Mesopotamia, enumerating the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians. This is followed by a brief discussion of why Egyptian material culture survives while so much of Mesopotamian culture has been lost. The lecture ends with a a whirlwind tour through 3,000 years of Egyptian history broken up into traditional historical periods.

Egyptian Achievements: Unification, Pyramids, Hieroglyphics & Calendar

9. Egyptian Achievements: Unification, Pyramids, Hieroglyphics & Calendar

In this lesson, we will discuss some of the major achievements of ancient Egypt, including its unification by King Menes, the pyramids, hieroglyphics, and the Egyptian calendar.

History of the Persian Empire

10. History of the Persian Empire

The Persian Empire has all the great aspects of an amazing story - an unlikely rise to power against an evil king, a ruler who is beloved by his people, and a military that was centuries ahead of its time.

Ancient India: Indigenous Culture & Outside Influences

11. Ancient India: Indigenous Culture & Outside Influences

This lesson will explore the history of ancient India. It will focus on the Harappan culture, their mixing with the Aryans, and the beginnings of the Hindu faith.

Ancient China: Shang & Zhou Dynasties

12. Ancient China: Shang & Zhou Dynasties

In this lesson, we will study the Shang and Zhou Dynasties. We will pay close attention to the founding, major accomplishments and characteristics, and decline of these dynasties.

The Emergence of Three Empires in Eurasia: Ottoman, Safavid & Mughal

13. The Emergence of Three Empires in Eurasia: Ottoman, Safavid & Mughal

This lesson focuses on the Ottoman empire of Turkey, the Safavid Empire of Iran, and the Mughal Empire of India and Pakistan. It highlights the terms theocracy, ghazi, and God-ism.

Hunter-Gatherer Societies: Making Tools & Using Fire

14. Hunter-Gatherer Societies: Making Tools & Using Fire

In this lesson, you will explore the role of fire and stone tools in early human society as both a means of survival and important aspects of culture. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Domestication Across Regions: History, Paths & Patterns

15. Domestication Across Regions: History, Paths & Patterns

In this lesson, we look at patterns of how communities have domesticated plants and animals. We'll also consider why some communities stayed nomadic or returned to being nomadic.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Middle Grades Social Studies (031): Practice & Study Guide course

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