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Ch 31: OAE Middle Grades Social Studies: Geography

About This Chapter

Use this chapter as a guide for studying the basics of geography as part of your OAE Middle Grades Social Studies exam preparations. These lessons will equip you with the knowledge necessary to answer the questions on the geography section of the exam.

OAE Middle Grades Social Studies: Geography - Chapter Summary

This chapter serves to enhance your understanding of geography so you feel more confident in your ability to answer pertinent questions that will be on the OAE Middle Grades Social Studies exam. These lessons will detail the five key themes of geography, provide an overview of modern approaches to the field, and identify maps and other geography tools. Additionally, this chapter covers the following:

  • Physical and cultural branches of geography
  • Components of maps including keys/legends and scales
  • The geographic coordinate system
  • Almanacs and atlases
  • Application of the scientific method in geography
  • Differences between relative and absolute geographic locations
  • Significant geographical regions of the world
  • Continents, counties, states and countries, and how to find them on a map

As you make your way through this chapter, you can both view the lessons as creative animated videos and as full transcriptions that highlight key terminology. Our expert instructors aim to present the information in as engaging a manner as possible to make reviewing this information enjoyable and memorable. By the end of this chapter, you should be familiar with the main basic geography topics that will be presented on the exam.

12 Lessons in Chapter 31: OAE Middle Grades Social Studies: Geography
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Geography? - Definition, Facts & Types

1. What is Geography? - Definition, Facts & Types

This lesson will define and explore the study of geography. In doing this, it will also explain the two main branches of geography, which are physical and cultural geography.

What Are The Five Themes of Geography?

2. What Are The Five Themes of Geography?

After watching this video, you will be able to explain what geography is and describe the five key themes that make up geography. A short quiz will follow.

Contemporary Approaches in Geography: Area, Spatial, Locational & Geographic Systems Analysis

3. Contemporary Approaches in Geography: Area, Spatial, Locational & Geographic Systems Analysis

If geographers study people and places, exactly how do they look at the information they find? In this lesson, we'll examine contemporary approaches to studying geography, including spatial, area, locational, and systems analysis.

Geography Tools: Maps, GPS & GIS

4. Geography Tools: Maps, GPS & GIS

How can we study the earth and the features in it? Watch this lesson to find out more about common tools used in geography, including maps, global positioning systems, and geographic information systems, and their differences.

What is a Map Key/Legend? - Definition, Symbols & Examples

5. What is a Map Key/Legend? - Definition, Symbols & Examples

Learn about maps and map keys/legends. Understand why map keys are essential to understanding maps, and see some examples of the importance of map keys.

Map Projection & Scale

6. Map Projection & Scale

After watching this video, you will be able to explain what a map projection is, what a map scale is, and why they need to be carefully chosen when creating a map. A short quiz will follow.

Geographic Coordinates: Latitude, Longitude & Elevation

7. Geographic Coordinates: Latitude, Longitude & Elevation

This lesson will seek to explain the geographic coordinate system. In doing so, it will explain latitude and longitude. It will also highlight the equator, the prime meridian, and the concept of elevation.

Atlases & Almanacs as Sources of Geographic Information

8. Atlases & Almanacs as Sources of Geographic Information

Just like any other profession, geographers have specialized tools to help them. While they also rely on technologies like satellite imagery and advanced surveying tools, many geographers also use almanacs and atlases in their daily work.

Using the Scientific Method in Geography

9. Using the Scientific Method in Geography

After watching this video, you will be able to explain what the scientific method is, how and why it is used in geography, and give some examples. A short quiz will follow.

Relative vs. Absolute Location in Geography

10. Relative vs. Absolute Location in Geography

Location is important in geography. But what's the difference between absolute and relative location? In this lesson, you will learn the distinction between these two types of location. A short quiz following the lesson will allow you to test your knowledge.

The World Map: Overview & Major Geographical Regions

11. The World Map: Overview & Major Geographical Regions

The world is a big place, but how well do you know it? In this lesson, we're going to look at a basic overview of major world regions and see how they collectively create the world map.

How to Locate Places on the World Map

12. How to Locate Places on the World Map

After watching this video, you will be able to explain what continents, countries, states, and counties are, and use them to locate a particular place on a world map. A short quiz will follow.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Middle Grades Social Studies (031): Practice & Study Guide course

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