Ch 39: OAE Middle Grades Social Studies: U.S. Government

About This Chapter

Better your preparation for the OAE Middle Grades Social Studies exam by using this chapter. It covers details about the structure and functions of the U.S. government, which you will see on the test.

OAE Middle Grades Social Studies: U.S. Government - Chapter Summary

Prepare for the OAE Middle Grades Social Studies exam by having a look at each lesson in this chapter. Doing so gives you a closer look at the three branches of government in the U.S. and how the U.S. government works. Upon completing this chapter, you will be able to answer questions about:

  • How a bill becomes a law
  • Process of amending the Constitution
  • The court system
  • Presidency in the U.S.
  • Federal and state governments
  • America's core values
  • Local government boundaries

Each video lesson provides insightful information about how the government works, helping you quickly get ready for the exam. Our lessons are made to be interactive, and you can access them from any type of smart device. If you would like to review a specific topic from a lesson, simply use our helpful video tags.

12 Lessons in Chapter 39: OAE Middle Grades Social Studies: U.S. Government
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The 3 Branches of Government: Executive, Legislative, Judicial

1. The 3 Branches of Government: Executive, Legislative, Judicial

In 1787, leaders from each of the states gathered to write the United States Constitution. The Constitution sets out how our nation is governed and creates a system that separates powers between different branches. This lesson explores the three branches of our federal government.

How a Bill Becomes a Law: Formal Process

2. How a Bill Becomes a Law: Formal Process

In this lesson, we will review the process of how a bill becomes a law. We will take a closer look at what steps have to be taken, how a bill is changed and how it is signed into law.

The Process of Amending the Constitution

3. The Process of Amending the Constitution

Amending the United States Constitution is a complicated process. It's only been accomplished 27 times. This lesson outlines the process by which the U.S. Constitution can be amended.

Judicial Branch of Government: Definition, Role & Power

4. Judicial Branch of Government: Definition, Role & Power

In this lesson we examine the judicial branch of the government, including the Supreme Court and its power of judicial review. You will learn how the Supreme Court can rule laws unconstitutional.

The Presidency, the Cabinet & the Bureaucracy

5. The Presidency, the Cabinet & the Bureaucracy

In this lesson, we will explore the relationships between the president and the bureaucracy. We will focus especially on the cabinet, independent regulatory agencies, and the Office of Management and Budget.

The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court

6. The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court

There are three separate levels of courts in our legal system, each serving a different function. Trial courts settle disputes as the first court of instance, appellate courts review cases moved up from trial courts and supreme courts hear cases of national importance or those appealed in the court of appeals.

What is a Federal Government? - Definition, Powers & Benefits

7. What is a Federal Government? - Definition, Powers & Benefits

A federal government is a system that divides up power between a strong national government and smaller local governments. We'll take a look at how power plays out between the national and local government, and the benefits of a federal government.

What Is State Government? - Powers, Responsibilities & Challenges

8. What Is State Government? - Powers, Responsibilities & Challenges

The United States has a federal government and each of the 50 states has a state government. This lesson explains the organization of state governments, and explores the powers and responsibilities of state governments.

What Is Local Government? - Definition, Responsibilities & Challenges

9. What Is Local Government? - Definition, Responsibilities & Challenges

Each of the 50 states has a state government. Within those states, each county and municipality also has a government. This lesson explains the organization of local governments and explores the powers and responsibilities of local governments.

America's Core Values: Liberty, Equality & Self-Government

10. America's Core Values: Liberty, Equality & Self-Government

In this lesson, we will examine a few of America's core values. We will focus especially on liberty, self-government, equality, individualism, diversity, and unity.

The Core Principles of American Government

11. The Core Principles of American Government

In this lesson, we will examine a few of the core principles of American government. We will pay special attention to the ideas of popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of powers, checks and balances, and federalism.

Local Government Boundaries: Cultural & Political Influence

12. Local Government Boundaries: Cultural & Political Influence

This lesson will explain the characteristics of local governments. In doing so, it will define the terms delimitation, redistricting, constituency, and gerrymandering as well as the role these terms play in local governance.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Middle Grades Social Studies (031): Practice & Study Guide course

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