About This Chapter
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- Differentiate between active and passive continental margins.
- Discuss the major features and types of ocean basins.
- Explain how oceanic ridge systems are formed.
- Describe the properties of ocean water.
- Look at different types of marine organisms.
- Describe the patterns of ocean circulation and discuss their effects on climate.
- List the characteristics of shorelines and beaches.
- Learn about wave features and describe their effects on erosion.
- Discuss the contributing factors of longshore transport.
- Understand the causes and effects of tides.
1. Active & Passive Continental Margins
Continental margins are areas that separate the continental crust and oceanic crust. Discover the differences between the tectonically active continental margins and the relatively quiet passive continental margins.
2. Ocean Basins: Definition, Formation, Features & Types
Ocean basins are those areas found under the sea. They can be relatively inactive areas where deposits of sediment slowly collect or active areas where tectonic plates meet. Learn how ocean basins form and about features such as oceanic ridges and trenches.
3. Oceanic Ridge System: Formation & Distribution
The oceanic ridge system is a continuous underwater mountain range with parts found in every ocean of the world. The ridge system is created when magma rising between diverging plates of the lithosphere cools and forms a new layer of crust.
4. Properties of Ocean Water
Ocean waters are salty and contain minerals and dissolved gases. They also have a high heat capacity and vary in density depending on temperature and salinity. Learn more about the unique chemical and physical properties of ocean water.
5. Types of Marine Organisms
Many marine organisms thrive under the surface of the ocean. Learn about the biodiversity of the oceans, from the microscopic plankton to the enormous whales, and how these organisms adapt to their oceanic environment.
6. Ocean Circulation: Patterns & Effect on Climate
The ocean waters are always in motion and as they travel around the globe they carry and distribute heat, which affects the global climate. Learn about the ocean circulation patterns and how they impact the climate.
7. Characteristics of Shorelines & Beaches
Shorelines and beaches are constantly changing due to forces, such as waves, winds and currents. Learn about characteristics of shorelines, including headlands, bays, beach berms, sand dunes, spits, tombolos, barrier islands and lagoons.
8. Waves: Types, Features & Effect on Erosion
There are different types of ocean waves, including wind waves, tsunamis and tidal waves. Learn the features of waves and how their erosive effect creates the unique features found on the shoreline.
9. Contributing Factors of Longshore Transport: Beach Drift & Longshore Current
The longshore transport is the process responsible for the movement of sand and sediment along the coastline. Sand and other particles are transported with the help of the longshore current and beach drift. Learn how these factors shape shorelines.
10. What Are Tides? - Causes & Effects
Tides rise and fall under the influence of the gravitational pull of the moon and sun. Learn about different tides, why they are predictable and their effects on coastal regions of the world.
11. Abyssal Zone: Definition & Examples
This lesson is about the abyssal zone, a deep layer near the bottom of the ocean. In this lesson we will cover what the abyssal zone is, and examples of different ecosystems in the abyssal zone.
12. Deep Ocean Trench: Definition & Examples
Ocean trenches are pretty impressive geological features - so it's too bad we can't easily see them. But here you will learn what they are, how they are formed, and what makes them so impressive.
13. Gills: Definition & Anatomy
Why can animals like fish and crabs breathe underwater but you can't? Aquatic organisms have a special organ called gills, which allows them to breathe oxygen in the water. Some gills are even adapted to allow animals to breathe on land!
14. Ocean Plants: Types & Facts
We often think of plants as terrestrial organisms that grow in soil and have leaves and flowers. However, plants can also live in ocean waters. Which are you familiar with? Read on to learn more about ocean plants.
15. Carcinology: Definition & History
Carcinology is the study of hard shelled aquatic creatures like shrimp, crabs, and crayfish. In this lesson, learn more about what carcinologists do, and what we can learn from these amazing creatures!
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Other chapters within the Earth Science: Tutoring Solution course
- Earth Science Basics: Tutoring Solution
- Geologic Time and Earth Science: Tutoring Solution
- Properties of Matter: Tutoring Solution
- Earth's Spheres and Internal Structure: Tutoring Solution
- Plate Tectonics: Tutoring Solution
- Minerals and Rocks: Tutoring Solution
- Igneous Rocks: Tutoring Solution
- Volcanoes: Tutoring Solution
- Weathering and Erosion: Tutoring Solution
- Sedimentary Rocks - A Deeper Look: Tutoring Solution
- Metamorphic Rocks - A Deeper Look: Tutoring Solution
- Rock Deformation and Mountain Building: Tutoring Solution
- Water Balance: Tutoring Solution
- Running Water: Tutoring Solution
- Ground Water: Tutoring Solution
- Glaciers: Tutoring Solution
- Coastal Hazards: Tutoring Solution
- The Atmosphere: Tutoring Solution
- Weather and Storms: Tutoring Solution
- Earthquakes: Tutoring Solution
- Earth History: Tutoring Solution
- Energy Resources: Tutoring Solution