About This Chapter
Ohio APK Adolescence to Young Adult: Interpreting Assessment Data - Chapter Summary
Watch the lesson videos in this chapter to review information on the qualities of effective assessments and how to interpret their data as you prepare for related questions on the Ohio Assessments for Educators APK Adolescence to Young Adult (7-12) exam. These lessons are taught by professional instructors who are available to answer any questions you may have so that you will be prepared for exam questions about:
- Types of formal and informal assessments
- Uses and misuses of assessments
- Properties of effective assessments
- Content, construct and predictive validity in assessments
- Problems in assessments, including testing bias and language differences
- Ecological and special education assessments
- Scaffolding instruction for ELL
- Performance assessments
- Summarizing assessment results
- Parent-teacher conferences
After watching these lesson videos, fortify your comprehension of the material presented by completing the quizzes that accompany them. As you return to the lessons to reinforce your understanding of these areas, use video tags to skip over the material you've already mastered or check out the text transcripts for an alternative review of the material.
Ohio APK Adolescence to Young Adult: Interpreting Assessment Data Chapter Objectives
Educators in the state of Ohio take the OAE APK Adolescence to Young Adults (7-12) exam to demonstrate their understanding of the skills used to educate students in the 7th-12th grades. This computer-based certification exam is composed of 100 multiple-choice questions and two constructed-response assignments. On test day you will be asked to complete these items in a 180 minutes testing session. Of the questions on this exam, 50% are part of the assessments, instruction and the learning environment domain. Use the activities of this chapter to improve your understanding of the types of assessments used and how their results can be interpreted to improve your performance on these questions.
1. Formal Assessments: Examples & Types
Formal assessments are tests that systematically measure how well a student has mastered learning outcomes. Learn more about formal assessments and test your knowledge with a quiz.
2. Informal Assessments in the Classroom: Examples & Types
In this lesson, we will discuss informal assessments used in the classroom. We will cover what informal assessments are and look at some types and examples, and then you will be asked to take a short quiz to assess your comprehension.
3. Use and Misuse of Assessments in the Classroom
Assessments are excellent tools in the classroom. Used properly, they provide invaluable information about student knowledge and progress. However, if misused, assessments can misrepresent the actual knowledge and learning taking place in the classroom. This lesson will discuss the use and misuse of standardized assessments.
4. Qualities of Good Assessments: Standardization, Practicality, Reliability & Validity
Have you ever been in the middle of an assessment and thought, 'This question is unfair!' or 'This exam covers material I have never seen before!' If so, the assessment probably did not possess the qualities that make an assessment effective. This lesson will introduce you to the qualities of good assessments: reliability, standardization, validity, and practicality.
5. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity
Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.
6. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments
Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.
7. Special Education and Ecological Assessments
An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.
8. Scaffolding Instruction for English Language Learners
The number of English language learners (ELLs) in the classroom is on the rise, and teachers must have strategies for teaching these students. This lesson will highlight ways in which to scaffold instruction for ELLs to help them become successful in the classroom.
9. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process
Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.
10. Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution
Summarizing test results is a critical component of the assessment process. In order for results to be used effectively, they must be summarized in a way that allows educators to compare the achievement of one student to others. This lesson will describe the first step in summarizing results: understanding the basic statistics of score distribution.
11. Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population
Assessment results can yield valuable information about the individual test-taker and the larger population of test-takers. This lesson will describe how to compare test scores to a larger population by explaining standard score, stanines, z-score, percentile rank and cumulative percentage.
12. Parent Teacher Conference Tips
'It takes a village to raise a child.' Although many know this to be an old African proverb, research has shown that student achievement increases when parents and teachers work together. This lesson will explore the importance of the parent-teacher conference when it comes to student success.
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Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Adolescence to Young Adult (7-12) APK (003): Practice & Study Guide course
- Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Cognitive & Physical Development
- Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Sexual & Social Development
- Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Learning Processes
- Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Student Diversity
- Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Student Assessments
- Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Curriculum Planning
- Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Instructional Approaches & Best Practices
- Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Student Motivation & Communication
- Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Classroom Management
- Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Family & Community Collaboration
- Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Educator Responsibilities
- Assessment of Professional Knowledge: Education Oversight & Advancement
- OAE Adolescence to Young Adult Professional Knowledge Flashcards