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Ch 7: Ohio APK Early Childhood: Instructional Strategies

About This Chapter

We can show you all about instructional strategies and assessments as you study for the Ohio APK Early Childhood exam. These lessons and self-assessment quizzes combine to give you multiple ways of reviewing the material so you can correctly answer the questions on the test.

Ohio APK Early Childhood: Instructional Strategies - Chapter Summary

Use the lessons in this chapter to help you go over various assessment and instructional strategies as part of your preparation for the Ohio APK Early Childhood exam. This chapter reviews concepts including:

  • Assessment validity
  • Testing and cultural bias
  • Special education and ecological assessments
  • Performance assessments
  • Understanding and comparing basic assessment results
  • Parent-teacher conference tips

Our expert instructors present all the important points about instructional strategies through easy-to-understand and highly useful video and text lessons. After reviewing the lessons, you can test your comprehension by taking the corresponding multiple-choice quizzes.

Objectives of the Ohio APK Early Childhood: Instructional Strategies Chapter

The Ohio APK Early Childhood exam evaluates your knowledge and understanding of student development and learning; assessment, instruction and the learning environment; and the professional environment. The lessons in this Instructional Strategies chapter are part of Domain II: Assessment, Instruction and the Learning Environment, which makes up 40% of the multiple-choice items and another 10% of your score via a constructed-response item. By taking the self-assessment quizzes that follow the video lessons, you can see how well you know the material and practice answering questions like the ones that will be on the exam.

8 Lessons in Chapter 7: Ohio APK Early Childhood: Instructional Strategies
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity

1. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity

Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.

Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments

2. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments

Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.

Special Education and Ecological Assessments

3. Special Education and Ecological Assessments

An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.

Scaffolding Instruction for English Language Learners

4. Scaffolding Instruction for English Language Learners

The number of English language learners (ELLs) in the classroom is on the rise, and teachers must have strategies for teaching these students. This lesson will highlight ways in which to scaffold instruction for ELLs to help them become successful in the classroom.

Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process

5. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process

Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.

Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution

6. Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution

Summarizing test results is a critical component of the assessment process. In order for results to be used effectively, they must be summarized in a way that allows educators to compare the achievement of one student to others. This lesson will describe the first step in summarizing results: understanding the basic statistics of score distribution.

Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population

7. Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population

Assessment results can yield valuable information about the individual test-taker and the larger population of test-takers. This lesson will describe how to compare test scores to a larger population by explaining standard score, stanines, z-score, percentile rank and cumulative percentage.

Parent Teacher Conference Tips

8. Parent Teacher Conference Tips

'It takes a village to raise a child.' Although many know this to be an old African proverb, research has shown that student achievement increases when parents and teachers work together. This lesson will explore the importance of the parent-teacher conference when it comes to student success.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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