About This Chapter
Ohio APK Early Childhood: Instructional Strategies - Chapter Summary
Use the lessons in this chapter to help you go over various assessment and instructional strategies as part of your preparation for the Ohio APK Early Childhood exam. This chapter reviews concepts including:
- Assessment validity
- Testing and cultural bias
- Special education and ecological assessments
- Performance assessments
- Understanding and comparing basic assessment results
- Parent-teacher conference tips
Our expert instructors present all the important points about instructional strategies through easy-to-understand and highly useful video and text lessons. After reviewing the lessons, you can test your comprehension by taking the corresponding multiple-choice quizzes.
Objectives of the Ohio APK Early Childhood: Instructional Strategies Chapter
The Ohio APK Early Childhood exam evaluates your knowledge and understanding of student development and learning; assessment, instruction and the learning environment; and the professional environment. The lessons in this Instructional Strategies chapter are part of Domain II: Assessment, Instruction and the Learning Environment, which makes up 40% of the multiple-choice items and another 10% of your score via a constructed-response item. By taking the self-assessment quizzes that follow the video lessons, you can see how well you know the material and practice answering questions like the ones that will be on the exam.
1. Validity in Assessments: Content, Construct & Predictive Validity
Ensuring that an assessment measures what it is intended to measure is a critical component in education. Assessment results are used to predict future achievement and current knowledge. This lesson will define the term validity and differentiate between content, construct, and predictive validity.
2. Testing Bias, Cultural Bias & Language Differences in Assessments
Assessments are used to gain useful information about test-takers' knowledge, skills and progress. Sometimes, however, the results of these assessments are incorrect due to biases. This lesson will differentiate and discuss types of testing bias and differences among test-takers that may lead to testing bias.
3. Special Education and Ecological Assessments
An ecological assessment is one type of assessment that is used to help students that have special needs. In this lesson, we discuss ecological assessments, what they entail, and how they are used.
4. Scaffolding Instruction for English Language Learners
The number of English language learners (ELLs) in the classroom is on the rise, and teachers must have strategies for teaching these students. This lesson will highlight ways in which to scaffold instruction for ELLs to help them become successful in the classroom.
5. Performance Assessments: Product vs. Process
Playing a musical instrument, creating a spreadsheet and performing in a play are all activities that many of us engage in on a regular basis. These activities are also examples of ways teachers assess a student's mastery of a subject in educational settings. This lesson will define performance-based assessments and discuss the various uses of performance assessments in the classroom.
6. Summarizing Assessment Results: Understanding Basic Statistics of Score Distribution
Summarizing test results is a critical component of the assessment process. In order for results to be used effectively, they must be summarized in a way that allows educators to compare the achievement of one student to others. This lesson will describe the first step in summarizing results: understanding the basic statistics of score distribution.
7. Summarizing Assessment Results: Comparing Test Scores to a Larger Population
Assessment results can yield valuable information about the individual test-taker and the larger population of test-takers. This lesson will describe how to compare test scores to a larger population by explaining standard score, stanines, z-score, percentile rank and cumulative percentage.
8. Parent Teacher Conference Tips
'It takes a village to raise a child.' Although many know this to be an old African proverb, research has shown that student achievement increases when parents and teachers work together. This lesson will explore the importance of the parent-teacher conference when it comes to student success.
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Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Early Childhood (PK-3) APK (001): Practice & Study Guide course
- Ohio APK Early Childhood: Cognitive Development
- Ohio APK Early Childhood: Language & Social Development
- Ohio APK Early Childhood: Cognitive Learning Processes
- Ohio APK Early Childhood: Teaching Special Needs Children
- Ohio APK Early Childhood: Student Diversity in Education
- Ohio APK Early Childhood: Assessment Strategies
- Ohio APK Early Childhood: Curriculum Planning
- Ohio APK Early Childhood: Instructional Best Practices
- Ohio APK Early Childhood: Classroom Motivation & Communication
- Ohio APK Early Childhood: Classroom Management
- Ohio APK Early Childhood: Family & Community Involvement
- Ohio APK Early Childhood: Professional Effectiveness for Educators
- Ohio APK Early Childhood: Professional Development for Educators
- OAE Early Childhood Assessment of Professional Knowledge Flashcards