Ch 1: Ohio APK Multi-Age: Early Childhood Development

About This Chapter

Explore the facets of early childhood development in preparation for the Ohio Assessment of Professional Knowledge (APK) Multi-Age examination. Use the video lessons to help you understand the types of development that occur in young children.

Ohio APK Multi-Age: Early Childhood Development - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, you'll learn about fundamental early childhood education concepts and advanced topics, such as creativity and intelligence in children and the role of play in cognitive development. Understanding the major points can help you answer questions on the Ohio APK Multi-Age test. Topics covered here include:

  • Benefits of early childhood education programs
  • Theories behind human growth and development
  • Role of cognitive development in children
  • Vygotsky's cognitive development theory
  • Jean Piaget's preoperational stage
  • Multiple intelligences
  • Developmental, social cognitive, behavioral and constructivist perspectives

Learn about that factors that contribute to early childhood development through fun and engaging videos. Our experienced instructors lead you through examples and include illustrations for easier recollection.

Ohio APK Multi-Age: Early Childhood Development Chapter Objectives

As part of the state's teacher licensing or certification process, the Ohio APK Multi-Age exam has testing areas in student development and learning; the professional environment; and assessment, instruction and the learning environment.

Topics related to this Early Childhood Development chapter are covered in the student development and learning area. You may encounter questions on how the natural trajectory of human development affects the growth of children at an early age. Other testing areas related to early childhood development include instructional strategies/learning goals, cognitive development, external influences and developmental challenges.

Within 180 minutes, you'll need to write two essays and answer 100 multiple-choice questions. Taking advantage of the self-assessment quizzes and video lessons can assist you in measuring what you know about this topic before you take the test.

9 Lessons in Chapter 1: Ohio APK Multi-Age: Early Childhood Development
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Early Childhood Education: Programs and Benefits

1. Early Childhood Education: Programs and Benefits

Many children go to preschool or Head Start as part of their early childhood. In this lesson, we'll look at what early childhood education is and two developmental reasons why it can be beneficial: brain development and the zone of proximal development.

Human Growth and Development Theories

2. Human Growth and Development Theories

This lesson will give you an overview of the major human development theories. You will briefly examine their strengths and weaknesses and meet a few key figures from each theory.

Behavioral, Cognitive, Developmental, Social Cognitive & Constructivist Perspectives

3. Behavioral, Cognitive, Developmental, Social Cognitive & Constructivist Perspectives

How do different people learn? Not everyone agrees. In educational psychology, there are many differing perspectives. This lesson will differentiate between the following psychological perspectives: behavioral, cognitive, developmental, social cognitive and constructivist.

What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences?

4. What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences?

Which types of intelligence do you identify with? As you watch this video on Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, you'll learn that intelligence can be a diverse concept not limited to one area.

Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development

5. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development

The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.

Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration

6. Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration

As children grow, so do their thinking skills, knowledge, and learning. Watch this lesson to learn about how young children develop cognitively, including the key cognitive concepts of centration, decentration, and conservation.

The Role of Play in Cognitive Development

7. The Role of Play in Cognitive Development

When we think of childhood, we often think of playing. But did you know that playing is vital to a child's healthy development? In this lesson, we will learn about the various types of play that aid a child's cognitive growth.

Piaget's Preoperational Stage and Symbolic Thought

8. Piaget's Preoperational Stage and Symbolic Thought

Psychologist Jean Piaget formed much of the theory of childhood development that we still use today. Here, we'll examine Piaget's preoperational stage of development, from ages two to four, and the changes in thinking that happen during this time.

Child Creativity and Intelligence

9. Child Creativity and Intelligence

What is an IQ score? What do these scores mean? What role does creativity play in a child's development? Explore these concepts with this lesson and test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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