About This Chapter
Ohio APK Multi-Age: Middle Childhood Development - Chapter Summary
Use the lessons in this chapter to help you review the stages of development and common issues that appear in middle and secondary school students as you prepare for the Ohio APK Multi-Age exam. Study up on the impact of peer relationships and stress through the engaging lessons. The videos touch upon many of the topics you could to be tested on, including:
- Piaget's stages of cognitive development
- The evolving sense of self from childhood through adolescence
- Social issues of middle and secondary school children
- Impact of school on social and emotional development
- Adjustment difficulties, stress and resilience
- Reversibility and reciprocity changes
- Attention, memory and meta-cognition development in middle childhood
- Physical development in middle childhood
- Latchkey and self-care in middle childhood
- Importance of health and fitness in middle childhood
Our knowledgeable instructors guide you through each concept, in preparation for the test. Having a variety of teaching approaches makes it easier to see the important points and helps to make your studying more efficient.
Ohio APK Multi-Age: Middle Childhood Development Chapter Objectives
The Ohio APK Multi-Age exam is a computer-based-test that evaluates your knowledge and understanding of student development and learning; assessment, instruction and the learning environment; and the professional environment. Your score will be used to determine your eligibility for a teacher's license in the state of Ohio.
The lessons in the Middle Childhood Development chapter are part of Domain I: Student Development and Learning, which makes up approximately 24% of your assessment score. By taking the self-assessment quizzes that accompany the video lessons, you can see how well you have mastered the material and gain practice with the kinds of questions that will be on the test.
There are 100 multiple-choice and two constructed-response items on the test. The multiple-choice items will present you with a passage or question followed by several response possibilities. From these, you need to choose the correct answer. There are two constructed-response items. One involves a case study, and the other, a work product.
1. Concrete Operational Stage of Child Development: Piaget's Logical Principles
As children age, they begin to understand the world in new ways. In this lesson, we'll look at Piaget's concrete operational stage of development and cognitive gains made during that time, including classification, seriation, and transitivity.
2. Changes in Sense of Self From Childhood to Adolescence
In this lesson, we will be exploring James Marcia's theory of identity in relation to the sense of self changing from childhood to adolescence. You'll study the four ways in which children navigate their identities into adolescence: foreclosure, moratorium, achievement, and diffusion.
3. Common Issues with Middle/Secondary School Children
You may have had a tough time during your middle or high school years; during that time, it's common for teens to go through various emotional challenges. Here, we will look into several issues that are commonly faced during this time.
4. Social Issues in Middle Childhood & Their Effects on Development
Children grow and develop in many ways. But sometimes issues at home or school can get in the way of development. In this lesson, we'll look at some issues that might contribute to developmental problems in a child's life.
5. The Role of School in Children's Social & Emotional Development
Every parent knows how much school can influence a child. But in what ways is this influence positive? In this lesson, we'll examine how going to school can impact a child's development, including how children learn from each other and how motivation impacts achievement.
6. Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood
As children grow, they become more independent of their parents and turn to their peers more often. In this lesson, we'll examine children's evolving concepts of friendship, peer group norms, social conformity, and social comparison.
7. Stress and Resilience in Middle Childhood
Childhood can be a stressful time. But what causes children to feel stress, and how can they deal with it? Watch this lesson to find out what factors impact how much stress a child feels, and what properties of resilience allow children to deal with stress.
8. Adjustment Difficulty in Middle Childhood
What happens when a child has social or emotional problems? In this lesson, we'll look at adjustment issues in middle childhood, including anxiety, school phobia and depression, and what parents can do to help their children.
9. Understanding Change in Middle Childhood: Reversibility & Reciprocity
As children grow and learn, they begin to understand the world in more and more complex ways. In this lesson, we'll examine cognitive developments made in middle childhood, including the concepts of reversibility and reciprocity.
10. Attention, Memory, and Meta-Cognition Development in Middle Childhood
As kids grow and age, their intellectual (or cognitive) skills develop as well. Watch this lesson to find out more about cognitive development in childhood, including the relationship between attention and memory, and the skill of meta-cognition.
11. Physical Development in Middle Childhood
Between the ages of seven and twelve, children physically grow and change in ways that influence every part of their lives. In this lesson, we'll look at the ways that physical and brain development impact emotional and intellectual abilities.
12. Health and Fitness in Middle Childhood
The United States is facing a crisis of childhood obesity. But how can we fight this epidemic? Watch this video to learn about how children grow in middle childhood and how fitness and nutrition can help with the problem of obesity.
13. Latchkey and Self-Care Children in Middle Childhood
Latchkey kids have to take care of themselves when they are home alone. But is this a good thing or a bad thing? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the benefits and drawbacks of self-care in middle childhood.
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Other chapters within the Ohio Assessments for Educators - Multi-Age (PK-12) APK (004): Practice & Study Guide course
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Early Childhood Development
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Language, Behavioral & Physical Development
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Adolescent Cognitive & Physical Development
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Adolescent Sexual & Social Development
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Learning Processes & Environments
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Student Diversity
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Student Assessments
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Interpreting Assessment Data
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Curriculum Planning
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Instructional Approaches & Best Practices
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Classroom Motivation & Communication
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Classroom Management
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Family & Community Involvement
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Educator Professionalism
- Ohio APK Multi-Age: Education Oversight & Advancement
- OAE Multi-Age Assessment of Professional Knowledge Flashcards