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Ch 44: Ohio Graduation Test: Cellular Biology

About This Chapter

Review the inner workings of life at the cellular level though the short video lessons in the Cellular Biology chapter of our Ohio Graduation Test study guide. Build on the material here as you prepare to take the Ohio Graduation Test.

Ohio Graduation Test: Cellular Biology - Chapter Summary

Understand the processes that form the basis of all life as you work through this chapter. The lessons include the following information that can help you on the Ohio Graduation Test:

  • Cellular structure and function
  • Differentiating between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells
  • Communication within the cell and cell transport
  • Definition and explanation of saturation, diffusion and osmosis
  • Understanding the cell cycle
  • Cellular respiration, protein synthesis and photosynthesis
  • Building up vs. breaking down: anabolism and catabolism

Our study guide is designed to be mobile, which enables you to continue your studies from a variety of electronic devices. Whether you work from a desktop, laptop, notebook, tablet or your smartphone, you can study from any location that allows you access to the internet.

Ohio Graduation Test: Cellular Biology Chapter Objectives

In order to meet the requirements for a high school diploma, you may take the Ohio Graduation Test at any point after your freshman year. It is usually given to 10th graders in spring, but can be administered to seniors and juniors also. The Ohio Graduation Test is a paper-based exam, and tests student performance in reading, writing, social studies, math and science. Our chapter on Cellular Biology addresses the competencies tested in the Science section of the exam, which is composed of 38 questions presented in several formats, including short- answer, extended-answer and multiple-choice.

10 Lessons in Chapter 44: Ohio Graduation Test: Cellular Biology
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Cell: Structure & Function

1. The Cell: Structure & Function

The cell is a small, but complex structure. Take a look inside the outer plasma membrane of a cell and discover the functions of some common cellular components, including the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus and mitochondria, in this lesson.

Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences

2. Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells: Similarities and Differences

In this lesson, we discuss the similarities and differences between the eukaryotic cells of your body and prokaryotic cells such as bacteria. Eukaryotes organize different functions within specialized membrane-bound compartments called organelles. These structures do not exist in prokaryotes.

An Overview of Cell Communication

3. An Overview of Cell Communication

Cellular communication is an important process that allows cells to pass signals to one another. In this video lesson, you will be introduced to the process of cellular communication, identifying the three steps of cellular signaling in organisms.

Passive & Active Transport in Cells

4. Passive & Active Transport in Cells

In order for your cells to survive, nutrients and other substances must be allowed to move in and out across the cell membrane. Sometimes this requires energy (active transport), and sometimes it does not (passive transport).

Osmosis, Diffusion and Saturation

5. Osmosis, Diffusion and Saturation

The cells in our bodies are in constant flux through the processes of osmosis and diffusion. Learn about how saturation levels force change, and why we're lucky they do.

The Cell Cycle: Definition, Phases & Sequence

6. The Cell Cycle: Definition, Phases & Sequence

Learn about the dividing and non-dividing states of the cell and discover the different phases of the cell cycle, including interphase, cytokinesis, and the stages of cell division.

Protein Synthesis in Cells: Process & Importance

7. Protein Synthesis in Cells: Process & Importance

The DNA of the cell contains the blueprints for all the proteins in the body. These blueprints become proteins with the help of RNA and ribosomes. Follow along with this lesson to learn about the two major phases of protein synthesis: transcription and translation.

Cellular Respiration: Energy Transfer in Cells

8. Cellular Respiration: Energy Transfer in Cells

Watch this short video to learn the basics about converting organic compounds into ATP, also known as cellular respiration. We'll look at an overview of the process.

Anabolism and Catabolism: Definitions & Examples

9. Anabolism and Catabolism: Definitions & Examples

Metabolism breaks down large molecules like food into usable energy. This energy drives bodily processes critical to survival. In this video lesson, you will learn about the two forms of metabolism that break down and build up molecules and see examples of each.

Chlorophyll: Absorbing Light Energy for Photosynthesis

10. Chlorophyll: Absorbing Light Energy for Photosynthesis

Plants are clean, green, photosynthesizing machines. Using a specialized pigment called chlorophyll, plants are able to soak up energy from the sun and turn it into food. In this lesson, we'll start to learn why chlorophyll literally gets excited about a sunny day!

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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