Ch 56: Ohio Graduation Test: Understanding Culture & Society

About This Chapter

The chapter you are about to go through will help you get ready for the Ohio Graduation Test. Use the lessons and quizzes in this chapter to increase your understanding of different cultures and societies.

Ohio Graduation Test: Understanding Culture & Society - Chapter Summary

In order to be prepared for the culture and society questions on the OGT, review the lessons in this chapter. They will effectively teach you about:

  • The definition and explanation of human society
  • Different elements of culture
  • Cultural analysis and cultural subsets
  • Definition and examples of cultural values
  • Stereotypes, discrimination and prejudice
  • Theoretical approaches to cultural analysis
  • Social majorities and minorities

The engaging video lessons in this chapter will help you both learn new information and review topics you already know in this chapter. Check your understanding of key concepts after every lesson using the quizzes.

Ohio Graduation Test: Understanding Culture & Society Chapter Objectives

Passing the OGT is a requirement for high school graduation in the state of Ohio. Math, reading, writing, science and social studies topics will be covered on the exam. The material included in this chapter is part of the social studies portion of the exam. This section contains multiple-choice, extended-response and short-answer questions. In order to do well on the exam, you'll need to remember as many details as you can about culture and society.

9 Lessons in Chapter 56: Ohio Graduation Test: Understanding Culture & Society
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Human Society: Definition & Explanation

1. Human Society: Definition & Explanation

What makes societies unique? How do we categorize different types of societies? This lesson explains the distinct ways that humans structure their societies and how scientists label them.

What Is Culture? - Material and Nonmaterial Culture

2. What Is Culture? - Material and Nonmaterial Culture

Culture is a huge topic of study for sociologists. In this lesson, we define culture and distinguish between material and nonmaterial culture. As culture, nation, and society are often used interchangeably, we also distinguish between these three concepts.

Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture

3. Elements of Culture: Explanation of the Major Elements That Define Culture

Culture combines many elements to create a unique way of living for different people. In this lesson, we identify four of the elements that exist in every culture, albeit in different forms: symbols, language, values, and norms. We also differentiate between folkways and mores.

Cultural Subsets: High Culture, Popular Culture, Subculture, Counterculture & Multiculturalism

4. Cultural Subsets: High Culture, Popular Culture, Subculture, Counterculture & Multiculturalism

In this lesson, we identify several categories of cultures that can exist within a large culture. We define and discuss subcultures, high culture versus popular culture, and countercultures. We also discuss the view of multiculturalism in the U.S.

Cultural Analysis: Theoretical Approaches

5. Cultural Analysis: Theoretical Approaches

In this lesson, we cover three theoretical approaches used by sociologists to analyze culture: structural-functional theory, social-conflict theory, and sociobiology. We define and discuss each theory, along with examples.

Cultural Values: Definition, Examples & Importance

6. Cultural Values: Definition, Examples & Importance

Think about your favorite family or religious celebration. Chances are that your traditions are directly connected to the cultural values that your community has been passing down for generations.

Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples

7. Prejudice, Discrimination & Stereotypes: Definitions & Examples

There are many different types of people in the world. What happens when one person thinks or feels a certain way about an entire group of people? Watch this lesson to find out about stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination.

Prejudice: Theories and Ideas on Origins

8. Prejudice: Theories and Ideas on Origins

Why do some people dislike entire groups of people? What causes prejudice? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the theories about what makes people prejudiced, including scapegoat theory, authoritarian personality, and culture theory.

Interactions Between Social Majorities and Minorities

9. Interactions Between Social Majorities and Minorities

The world is a diverse place full of all sorts of people. In this lesson, we'll examine the effects of pluralism and what happens when people from different backgrounds interact, including segregation, genocide, assimilation, and miscegenation.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the Ohio Graduation Test: Study Guide & Practice course

Support