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Ch 6: ORELA Business Education: Employee Motivation

About This Chapter

Review this chapter to refresh your understanding of employee motivation and the many theories surrounding it. By viewing the lessons in this chapter, you will be equipped for all pertinent questions on the ORELA Business Education exam.

ORELA Business Education: Employee Motivation - Chapter Summary

Employee motivation is an integral part of human resources management. Through studying the lessons in this chapter, you will gain a deeper understanding of the theories behind employee motivation and will have a more thorough knowledge in preparation for the ORELA Business Education exam. Theories reviewed include those relating to the following:

  • Needs and behavior
  • Hygiene factors
  • Workplace motivation
  • Desires for power, achievement, and affiliation
  • Rewards, goals, and consequences
  • Vroom's expectancy

These lessons are led by our expert instructors, who attempt to convey the information as clearly as possible. In addition to viewing the videos, you may read the full transcripts that accompany each lesson. Both the videos and transcripts will highlight key terms that will prove beneficial in your studies. After you study each lesson, take the related practice quiz to see how well you can answer multiple-choice questions in the same format as the ORELA Business Education exam.

ORELA Business Education: Employee Motivation - Chapter Objectives

The ORELA Business Education exam is meant to assess your candidacy for licensure in this subject through 150 multiple-choice questions. Of the five content domains in this test, roughly 19% is related to the field of business management, ethics, and law. One of the objectives within this domain is to demonstrate an understanding of human resources management and how to motivate employees. This chapter focuses wholly on employee management, with attention given to different theories and systems you may utilize. Through reviewing the content of this chapter, and by taking all available practice multiple-choice quizzes, you will be better prepared for this exam.

9 Lessons in Chapter 6: ORELA Business Education: Employee Motivation
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Motivation Theory: Needs-Based & Behavior-Based

1. Motivation Theory: Needs-Based & Behavior-Based

There are two schools of thought used to explain employee motivation in the workplace. Needs-based theory states that employees have certain needs that must be met in order to be motivated to perform. Behavior-based theory believes motivating factors influence behavior towards work.

Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation

2. Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory: Hygiene Factors & Motivation

This lesson describes Frederick Herzberg's two-factor theory, which is based on the idea of how hygiene factors and satisfiers or motivators are used to provide satisfaction to employees in work environments.

Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace

3. Alderfer's ERG Theory & Employee Motivation in the Workplace

Alderfer's ERG theory is a simplified version of Maslow's hierarchy of needs that suggests that all human needs can be accessed and satisfied simultaneously, rather than from the bottom up. Either way, as needs are satisfied, employees are motivated to strive to satisfy a new need.

Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation

4. Acquired Needs Theory: Need for Achievement, Power & Affiliation

Do you act out of a need for achievement, power or affiliation? This lesson describes the acquired needs theory and how one of the three types of needs affect us more than the others.

Equity Theory of Motivation: Reward & Effort

5. Equity Theory of Motivation: Reward & Effort

Have you ever noticed that some employees seem to work harder than others for the same reward? Why does that happen? This lesson explains how equity theory is used by managers to motivate employees by providing a high reward for equivalent efforts on part of the employee.

Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation

6. Vroom's Expectancy Theory of Employee Motivation

Finding the right equation for motivating employees can be challenging. This lesson explains how expectancy theory is used to motivate employees by increasing the motivation to act based on a set of specific criteria.

Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees

7. Thorndike's Reinforcement Theory: Using Consequences to Motivate Employees

In the workplace, there are levels of acceptable behavior. As a manager, it is important to use appropriate techniques that reinforce acceptable behavior and deter inappropriate behavior. This lesson describes how reinforcement theory is used to influence employee behavior through consequences.

Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation

8. Locke's Goal-Setting Theory: Using Goals to Advance Motivation

Locke's Goal-Setting Theory uses clear and challenging goals to advance employee motivation in the workplace. Goals that are well defined and challenging to attain are more likely to be met because they hold intrinsic and extrinsic value to the employee.

Reward Systems & Employee Behavior: Intrinsic & Extrinsic Rewards

9. Reward Systems & Employee Behavior: Intrinsic & Extrinsic Rewards

Have you ever wondered why some employees are more motivated than others to work at a higher level of productivity? This lesson explains how managers use intrinsic and extrinsic rewards to reinforce positive employee behavior.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Business Education: Practice & Study Guide course

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