Copyright

Ch 17: ORELA Business Education: The American Legal System

About This Chapter

Study these lessons to refresh your comprehension of the American legal system. This chapter will aid you in your studies for the ORELA Business Education exam.

ORELA Business Education: The American Legal System - Chapter Summary

This chapter presents a detailed overview of the American legal system to help prepare you for any pertinent questions on the ORELA Business Education exam. In these lessons, you will have opportunities to learn about the following:

  • Cases of stare decisis
  • Constitutional law and business law
  • Overview of the U.S. Constitution
  • Comparisons of public, private, criminal, and civil laws
  • Differences between substantive law and procedural law
  • Overview of structures and functions of the court systems, including state and federal
  • Negotiation, arbitration, and mediation as forms of resolution
  • Business law

You will be led through this chapter by an expert instructor who aims to present the information in a clear and concise manner. After you view each brief video lesson, you may take the accompanying interactive quiz to see how well you comprehend the terms and facts you've reviewed. The dashboard feature will track your progress throughout the chapter as well as the number of quizzes you've passed to help you gauge how much you have left to study.

12 Lessons in Chapter 17: ORELA Business Education: The American Legal System
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Stare Decisis Doctrine: Definition & Example Cases

1. Stare Decisis Doctrine: Definition & Example Cases

The doctrines of stare decisis and precedent are the foundations of our American common law system. This lesson explains what these doctrines are and how they are used.

What Is Constitutional Law? - Definition & Example

2. What Is Constitutional Law? - Definition & Example

Constitutional law deals with the understanding and use of the United States Constitution. This lesson will define and discuss constitutional law, while examining several famous constitutional law cases.

The US Constitution: Preamble, Articles and Amendments

3. The US Constitution: Preamble, Articles and Amendments

The U.S. Constitution is one of the most important documents in history. It establishes the government of the United States, and its first ten amendments, the Bill of Rights, assures every U.S. citizen the rights we have all come to hold dear.

Public Law vs. Private Law: Definitions and Differences

4. Public Law vs. Private Law: Definitions and Differences

The simple difference between public and private law is in those that each affects. Public law affects society as a whole, while private law affects individuals, families, businesses and small groups.

Criminal Law vs. Civil Law: Definitions and Differences

5. Criminal Law vs. Civil Law: Definitions and Differences

There are two main classifications of law. Criminal laws regulate crimes, or wrongs committed against the government. Civil laws regulate disputes between private parties. This lesson explains the main differences between criminal and civil law.

Substantive Law vs. Procedural Law: Definitions and Differences

6. Substantive Law vs. Procedural Law: Definitions and Differences

Substantive law and procedural law work together to ensure that in a criminal or civil case, the appropriate laws are applied and the proper procedures are followed to bring a case to trial. In this lesson, we'll discuss the differences between the two and how they relate to the legal system as a whole.

The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court

7. The Court System: Trial, Appellate & Supreme Court

There are three separate levels of courts in our legal system, each serving a different function. Trial courts settle disputes as the first court of instance, appellate courts review cases moved up from trial courts and supreme courts hear cases of national importance or those appealed in the court of appeals.

The 3 Levels of the Federal Court System: Structure and Organization

8. The 3 Levels of the Federal Court System: Structure and Organization

The federal court system has three main levels: U.S. District Court, U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals and the U.S. Supreme Court. Each level of court serves a different legal function for both civil and criminal cases.

State Court System: Structure & Overview

9. State Court System: Structure & Overview

There is no uniform structure to the State Court System. Each state has its own system but most states operate similarly to the Federal Court System in that there are several levels of courts including trial courts, intermediate appellate courts and supreme courts.

Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction

10. Court Functions: Original and Appellate Jurisdiction

Courts exercise two types of jurisdiction over cases: original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction for cases previously heard in a lower court. Judges have the option, when hearing an appeals case, to reverse or remand a decision based on a violation of law like abuse of discretion.

Alternative Forms of Dispute Resolution: Negotiation, Mediation & Arbitration

11. Alternative Forms of Dispute Resolution: Negotiation, Mediation & Arbitration

In the eyes of the law, there are several ways a dispute can be settled. Some disputes can simply be negotiated to a win-win outcome. Others may require a third party to assist in coming up with solutions to remedy a situation.

What Is Business Law? - Definition & Overview

12. What Is Business Law? - Definition & Overview

Business law is a broad area of law. It covers many different types of laws and many different topics. This lesson explains generally what business law is and how it's used.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Business Education: Practice & Study Guide course

Support