About This Chapter
ORELA Chemistry: Inorganic and Organic Compounds - Chapter Summary
Filled with relevant definitions and examples, this chapter on inorganic and organic compounds aims to provide an overview of applied chemistry. It includes explanations of topics such as chain isomers, functional groups, alkyl halide and geometric isomers. In advance of successfully passing the ORELA Chemistry examination, study this chapter's lessons so that you can:
- Explore applied chemistry's rules of nomenclature, the properties of matter and physical constants
- Understand the process of intramolecular bonding
- Distinguish between alkanes, alkenes and aromatic hydrocarbons
- Describe the effects of functional groups on organic compounds
- Define structural isomers and provide examples
- Explain geometric isomers and optical isomers
When you watch these entertaining lessons, you can build upon what you've learned previously and maybe add new information to your store of knowledge. Experienced teachers provide the narration for these educational videos, which can be accessed online via your wired or laptop computer. The accompanying quizzes and worksheets can be printed out and studied further in order to prepare you for the ORELA Chemistry examination.
ORELA Chemistry : Inorganic and Organic Compounds Objectives
Your ability to explain the structure of organic and inorganic compounds, and to describe the characteristics of optical and geometric isomers will be tested during the ORELA Chemistry examination's third content domain, which is titled, Energy and Chemical Bonding. Demonstrate your grasp of this chapter's material during this domain, which accounts for 23% of the entire assessment score. Provide correct answers to the 150 multiple-choice examination questions as you pursue a teaching certification in chemistry. This is a computer-based examination that must be completed in about three hours and 45 minutes.
1. Overview of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry
The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry is an important organization within the chemistry world. In this lesson we will go over what this organization does and why it is important.
2. Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules
Understand what a macromolecule is and be able to identify both organic and inorganic macromolecules. Organic molecules include proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids.
3. Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers
Learn more about carbon and hydrogen and see how these atoms come together to form distinct molecules. Also, study the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules.
4. Functional Groups in Organic Molecules
Learn what an organic compound is and how their functional groups affect them. Identify the different types of functional groups including alcohols, alkyl halides, ketones, aldehydes, ethers, carboxylic acids and esters.
5. Structural Isomers: Definition & Examples
Molecular formulas don't always tell us how the atoms are arranged within a molecule. When one formula can lead us to different arrangements of atoms, the results are referred to as structural isomers, examples of which we'll explore in this lesson.
6. Geometric Isomers: Definition & Examples
This lesson provides a definition of geometric isomers, explains how they arise, and how to identify them. In addition to basic examples from chemistry, the lesson shares more complex examples from biochemistry to show how prevalent and vital geometric isomers are.
7. Optical Isomers: Definition & Examples
Isomers are molecules that are the same...yet different. The difference might be in the structure, or it might be in the three-dimensional arrangement. In this lesson, you'll learn about one specific type of isomer that falls into the latter category, the optical isomer.
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Other chapters within the ORELA Chemistry: Practice & Study Guide course
- ORELA Chemistry: Scientific Research & Equipment
- ORELA Chemistry: Interdisciplinary Relationships in Science
- ORELA Chemistry: Properties of Matter
- ORELA Chemistry: Atomic Structure
- ORELA Chemistry: Liquids & Solids
- ORELA Chemistry: Gases
- ORELA Chemistry: Thermodynamics
- ORELA Chemistry: Chemical Bonding
- ORELA Chemistry: Chemical Reactions
- ORELA Chemistry: Equilibrium
- ORELA Chemistry: Acids & Bases
- ORELA Chemistry: Redox Reactions & Electrochemistry
- ORELA Chemistry: Stoichiometry & Chemical Equations
- ORELA Chemistry: Solutions in Chemistry
- ORELA Chemistry Flashcards