# Ch 17: ORELA Math: Rational Expressions

### About This Chapter

## ORELA Math: Rational Expressions - Chapter Summary

Brush up on your skills for calculating, simplifying and analyzing rational expressions prior to taking the ORELA Math exam. In this chapter, video lessons cover topics such as:

- Multiplying and dividing rational expressions
- Adding and subtracting rational expressions
- Solving rational equations
- Understanding rational expressions and reciprocals
- How to simplify complex rational expressions
- Identifying asymptotes, domain and range on a graph of a rational function

Our video lessons, taught by experienced instructors, offer a quick and effective way to study rational expressions. Videos may be watched over and over again. If you need to re-watch a main point or two in a lesson, use tags to jump to that section of the video. Click on links for more details about key terms. Be sure to take lesson quizzes to assess you mastery of materials presented in the lessons.

### ORELA Math: Rational Expressions Chapter Objectives

Oregon has replaced the ORELA Mathematics test with the NES Mathematics test for those educators seeking licensure to teach math in that state. The test is divided into content domains that cover what beginning teachers should know in order to teach math. Questions about rational expressions fall under the Patterns, Algebra and Functions domain, which accounts for 24% of all test questions. Use our video lessons and chapter exam to prepare for questions on rational expressions found on the NES test.

The NES test consists of 150 multiple-choice questions. It is provided in a computer-based format, and test sessions last 4 hours, 15 minutes.

### 1. How to Multiply and Divide Rational Expressions

Multiplying and dividing rational polynomial expressions is exactly like multiplying and dividing fractions. Like fractions, we will reduce. With polynomial expressions we use factoring and canceling. I also give you a little mnemonic to help you remember when you need a common denominator and when you don't.

### 2. How to Add and Subtract Rational Expressions

Adding and subtracting rational expressions brings everything you learned about fractions into the world of algebra. We will mix common denominators with factoring and FOILing.

### 3. How to Solve a Rational Equation

A rational equation is one that contains fractions. Yes, we will be finding a common denominator that has 'x's. But no worries! Together we will use a process that will help us solve rational equations every time!

### 4. Division and Reciprocals of Rational Expressions

In this video lesson, you will learn how to divide and take the reciprocal of any rational expression. Learn the one easy step you take to be able to find your answer quickly and easily.

### 5. Simplifying Complex Rational Expressions

When it comes to fractions, things may seem to get really complicated and scary when you have a fraction on top of a fraction. But never fear, after watching this video lesson, you will be able to simplify these expressions like a pro.

### 6. Analyzing the Graph of a Rational Function: Asymptotes, Domain, and Range

A rational function arises from the ratio of two polynomial expressions. The graphs of rational functions often have distinct characteristics. In this lesson, we look at how to analyze some of those characteristics.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Mathematics: Practice & Study Guide course

- ORELA Math: Properties of Real Numbers
- ORELA Math: Fractions
- ORELA Math: Decimals & Percents
- ORELA Math: Ratios & Proportions
- ORELA Math: Units of Measure & Conversions
- ORELA Math: Logic
- ORELA Math: Reasoning
- ORELA Math: Vector Operations
- ORELA Math: Matrix Operations & Determinants
- ORELA Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- ORELA Math: Algebraic Expressions
- ORELA Math: Linear Equations
- ORELA Math: Inequalities
- ORELA Math: Absolute Value
- ORELA Math: Quadratic Equations
- ORELA Math: Polynomials
- ORELA Math: Radical Expressions
- ORELA Math: Systems of Equations
- ORELA Math: Complex Numbers
- ORELA Math: Functions
- ORELA Math: Piecewise Functions
- ORELA Math: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions
- ORELA Math: Continuity of a Function
- ORELA Math: Limits
- ORELA Math: Rate of Change
- ORELA Math: Calculating Derivatives & Derivative Rules
- ORELA Math: Graphing Derivatives
- ORELA Math: Applications of Derivatives
- ORELA Math: Area Under the Curve & Integrals
- ORELA Math: Integration Techniques
- ORELA Math: Applications of Integration
- ORELA Math: Foundations of Geometry
- ORELA Math: Geometric Figures
- ORELA Math: Properties of Triangles
- ORELA Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- ORELA Math: Parallel Lines & Polygons
- ORELA Math: Quadrilaterals
- ORELA Math: Circles & Arc of a Circle
- ORELA Math: Conic Sections
- ORELA Math: Geometric Solids
- ORELA Math: Analytical Geometry
- ORELA Math: Trigonometric Functions
- ORELA Math: Trigonometric Graphs
- ORELA Math: Solving Trigonometric Equations
- ORELA Math: Trigonometric Identities
- ORELA Math: Sequences & Series
- ORELA Math: Graph Theory
- ORELA Math: Set Theory
- ORELA Math: Statistics Overview
- ORELA Math: Summarizing Data
- ORELA Math: Tables, Plots & Graphs
- ORELA Math: Probability
- ORELA Math: Discrete Probability Distributions
- ORELA Math: Continuous Probability Distributions
- ORELA Math: Sampling
- ORELA Math: Regression & Correlation
- ORELA Mathematics Flashcards