# Ch 4: ORELA Math: Ratios & Proportions

### About This Chapter

## ORELA Math: Ratios & Proportions - Chapter Summary

If you need help studying ratios and proportions for your ORELA Math certification exam, you've come to the right place. These short video lessons break down the concepts you need to know, making them easy to understand. Topics include:

- How to determine constant and average rates
- Definition and applications of proportion
- Making calculations with ratios and proportions
- Scale factors for perimeter, area and volume of figures

Each video is followed by a companion transcript that highlights key ideas and provides a great resource for additional review. Let our instructors know if you have any questions about the ratios and proportions ideas presented in this chapter.

### Objectives of the ORELA Math: Ratios & Proportions Chapter

This chapter offers a number of resources designed to help you master the ratios and proportions topics you'll likely encounter under the measurement and geometry portion of your ORELA certification assessment, which is 19% of your grade. The remainder of the test is devoted to the following content areas: math processes and number sense (19%); patterns, algebra and functions (24%); trig and calculus (19%); and stats, probability and discrete mathematics (19%).

The computer-administered assessment allows you four hours and fifteen minutes to work through all 150 multiple-choice questions. The lesson quizzes in this chapter mimic the ORELA multiple-choice style so you can get comfortable with the test format and assess your test-taking pace before your exam date.

### 1. Ratios & Rates: Definitions & Examples

If we have two items, or two numbers, and we want to compare them, what language can we use? How do we write the comparison? Find out as we learn about ratios and rates in this lesson.

### 2. Finding Constant and Average Rates

Watch this video lesson to learn the differences between constant and average rates. You will learn the steps you need to take to find them and get two great visuals you can keep in mind to help you solve these rate problems.

### 3. Proportion: Definition, Application & Examples

When we want to compare one ratio, or fraction, to another equivalent ratio, it's a proportion. Learn all about proportions and practice solving proportion problems in this lesson.

### 4. Calculations with Ratios and Proportions

Even if only 99 out of 100 people need to know how to work with ratios, the odds that they'll be useful to you are very high. In this lesson, we'll practice performing calculations with ratios and proportions.

### 5. Applying Scale Factors to Perimeter, Area, and Volume of Similar Figures

How do shapes change sizes yet retain their proportions and similarities to other shapes? In this lesson, we'll look at what a scale factor is and how to apply it. We'll consider scale factors with regards to three different aspects of similar shapes: perimeter, area and volume.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Mathematics: Practice & Study Guide course

- ORELA Math: Properties of Real Numbers
- ORELA Math: Fractions
- ORELA Math: Decimals & Percents
- ORELA Math: Units of Measure & Conversions
- ORELA Math: Logic
- ORELA Math: Reasoning
- ORELA Math: Vector Operations
- ORELA Math: Matrix Operations & Determinants
- ORELA Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- ORELA Math: Algebraic Expressions
- ORELA Math: Linear Equations
- ORELA Math: Inequalities
- ORELA Math: Absolute Value
- ORELA Math: Quadratic Equations
- ORELA Math: Polynomials
- ORELA Math: Rational Expressions
- ORELA Math: Radical Expressions
- ORELA Math: Systems of Equations
- ORELA Math: Complex Numbers
- ORELA Math: Functions
- ORELA Math: Piecewise Functions
- ORELA Math: Exponential & Logarithmic Functions
- ORELA Math: Continuity of a Function
- ORELA Math: Limits
- ORELA Math: Rate of Change
- ORELA Math: Calculating Derivatives & Derivative Rules
- ORELA Math: Graphing Derivatives
- ORELA Math: Applications of Derivatives
- ORELA Math: Area Under the Curve & Integrals
- ORELA Math: Integration Techniques
- ORELA Math: Applications of Integration
- ORELA Math: Foundations of Geometry
- ORELA Math: Geometric Figures
- ORELA Math: Properties of Triangles
- ORELA Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- ORELA Math: Parallel Lines & Polygons
- ORELA Math: Quadrilaterals
- ORELA Math: Circles & Arc of a Circle
- ORELA Math: Conic Sections
- ORELA Math: Geometric Solids
- ORELA Math: Analytical Geometry
- ORELA Math: Trigonometric Functions
- ORELA Math: Trigonometric Graphs
- ORELA Math: Solving Trigonometric Equations
- ORELA Math: Trigonometric Identities
- ORELA Math: Sequences & Series
- ORELA Math: Graph Theory
- ORELA Math: Set Theory
- ORELA Math: Statistics Overview
- ORELA Math: Summarizing Data
- ORELA Math: Tables, Plots & Graphs
- ORELA Math: Probability
- ORELA Math: Discrete Probability Distributions
- ORELA Math: Continuous Probability Distributions
- ORELA Math: Sampling
- ORELA Math: Regression & Correlation
- ORELA Mathematics Flashcards