# Ch 15: ORELA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Decimals

### About This Chapter

## ORELA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Decimals - Chapter Summary

Prepare for decimal-related questions on the ORELA Middle Grades Math exam though our fun video lessons. The videos included in this chapter help you review how to:

- Convert decimals to mixed numbers
- Add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals
- Solve decimal problems by estimating
- Estimate differences and sums
- Use decimal numbers
- Solve one- and two-operation decimal problems through estimation
- Use the guess and check method
- Solve multi-step inequalities
- Simplify expressions that use decimals

Our instructors use real-world examples, word problems and graphics to help make learning fun and easy. After watching the videos, test your skills through the multiple-choice quizzes and end-of-chapter exam.

### ORELA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Decimals - Chapter Objectives

The ORELA Middle Grades Mathematics exam is a computer-based licensing exam designed to test the skills of those who wish to teach basic math at the middle school level in Oregon. This math test is four hours and fifteen minutes long and includes 150 multiple-choice questions. The questions are taken from four math content areas: number sense, statistics, probability and algebra. Decimal-related questions are part of the number sense and operations content area; this content makes up 17% of the test questions.

### 1. Inequalities with Decimals

In this video lesson, we talk about solving inequalities with decimals. You will learn in what order to take your steps to solve these types of problems.

### 2. Converting Decimals to Mixed Numbers

After watching this video lesson, you should be able to convert easily between decimals and mixed numbers. Learn what kinds of decimals you can and cannot convert to a mixed number.

### 3. Adding and Subtracting Decimals: Examples & Word Problems

In math, we sometimes have to deal with decimal numbers instead of our nice whole numbers. Watch this video lesson to learn the one thing that you have to take into consideration when adding and subtracting decimals.

### 4. Multiplying and Dividing Decimals: Examples & Word Problems

Watch this video lesson to learn what you need to do to get a correct answer when multiplying and dividing decimals. Learn the easy tricks to figuring out where the decimal point goes.

### 5. How to Estimate with Decimals to Solve Math Problems

Watch this video lesson to learn how you can estimate problems with decimals in them so you can get a quick answer when you need it - for example, when you are at the gas station and you need to know how much gas you can afford.

### 6. Estimating Sums, Differences & Products of Decimals

After watching this video lesson, you will be able to estimate any decimal number to help you simplify your math problems. See how easy it is to estimate your answer when you are trying to find the sum, difference, or product.

### 7. Solving Problems Using Decimal Numbers

Problems involving decimal numbers might sound like a way to torture you, but learning how important these types of problems are in the real world is important. In this lesson, you will see a couple areas in life where you routinely encounter decimal number problems.

### 8. Estimation: One & Two Operation Problems with Positive Decimals

After watching this video lesson, you will learn how using estimation can help you simplify your problem so that you can solve it much easier. Learn how estimation can help even when you need to solve for a missing variable.

### 9. Guess and Check: One & Two Operation Problems with Positive Decimals

In this video lesson, you will learn how to use your guessing skills in finding the correct answer to a decimal problem. Learn how you can refine your guess to make an even better guess and get closer to finding your answer.

### 10. Look for a Pattern: One & Two Operation Problems with Positive Decimals

In this video lesson, you will learn how finding a pattern can help you solve one- and two-operation problems involving decimal numbers. Learn what it takes to find a pattern and then to use the pattern to find the answer.

### 11. Solving Multi-Step Inequalities with Decimals

In this video lesson, you will learn the steps that are involved in solving inequalities for an unknown variable. We'll see that the order of operations stays the same, but there's a very significant difference when it comes to negative numbers!

### 12. How to Simplify Expressions Involving Decimals

After watching this video lesson, you should be able to take any expression involving decimals and simplify it. You'll learn what to look for and what things you can combine.

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### Other Chapters

Other chapters within the ORELA Middle Grades Mathematics: Practice & Study Guide course

- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Basic Arithmetic Operations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Solving Math Word Problems
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Numbers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Estimating & Rounding
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Number Theory
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Roots & Radical Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Exponents & Exponential Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Scientific Notation
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Simplifying Whole Number Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Integers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Rational Numbers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Fractions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Operations with Fractions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Introduction to Decimals
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Percents
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Money & Consumer Math
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Number Patterns & Sequences
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Functions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Graphing Functions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Negative Numbers
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Absolute Value
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Inequalities
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Factoring
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Monomials & Polynomials
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Writing Algebraic Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Basic Algebraic Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Algebraic Distribution
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving One-Step Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Writing & Solving Two-Step Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Simplifying & Solving Rational Expressions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: The Coordinate Graph
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Linear Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Systems of Linear Equations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Rates, Ratios & Proportions
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Measurements
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Perimeter & Area
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Polyhedrons & Geometric Solids
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Symmetry, Similarity & Congruence
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Properties of Lines
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Angles
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Triangles
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Triangle Theorems & Proofs
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Similar Polygons
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: The Pythagorean Theorem
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Quadrilaterals
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Circles
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Circular Arcs & Measurement
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Transformations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Data & Graphs
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Statistics
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Data Collection
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Samples & Populations
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Probability
- ORELA Middle Grades Math: Sets
- ORELA Middle Grades Mathematics Flashcards